California

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California

  1. 1. Mortoza Mohammadi
  2. 2. Details  In 1908 Josiah Royce published Race Questions, Provincialism, and Other American Problems.  This was during the gold rush.  Bayard Taylor’s El Dorado: or Adventures in the Path of Empire (1850) and Marryat’s Mountains and Molehills (1855) can be considered the high points of contemporary nonfiction coverage, although one must also make reference to such other outstanding works as Hinton Rowan Helper’s The Land of Gold: Reality Versus Fiction (1855), J. Douglas Borthwick’s Three Years in California (1876).  Alonzo Delano voiced his observations in Pen-Knife Sketches (1853) and Old Block’s Sketch Book (1856)  These were important facts and statements recorded for California  San Francisco was supporting literary culture.
  3. 3. Details  Through the 1860s San Francisco continued to flourish as a solitary Pacific Coast epicenter of urbanism and artistic creativity.  Arriving in San Francisco in 1868 was the Scottish born naturalist John Muir, who proceeded almost directly to the Yosemite Valley.  Fleeing the Civil war, in which he had served briefly as a Confederate irregular, Samuel Clemens, a Former Mississippi riverboat pilot from Hannibal Missouri, joined his pro-Union brother Orion, secretary to the territorial governor of Nevada, in Carson City in the summer of 1861, one of thousands of great men grateful to be escaping the battlefields of the East.  The literature of California in the 1850s was characterized by humor, history, and memoir; in the 1860s, by local color, literary journalism, and poetry.

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