The twentieth century witnessed the debut of three entertainment
media, film, radio, and television, dependent upon electronic
technologies developed in California.
Motion pictures did not initially establish themselves in California,
which is ironic given that the experiments in 1872 of photographer
Eadweard Muybridge, proving that a horse raised all four feet from
the ground simultaneously when trotting, together with
Between 1908 and 1909 a number of other filmmakers, equally
reluctant to pay tribute to the Trust, arrived in Los Angeles.
By the 1920s it was apparent that the production of films in
Hollywood would be on an industrialized basis, which is to say, in
corporately owned studios in which screenwriters, directors, actors,
and actresses, technicians, and support staff were on salary.