World Women Day

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International Women Day

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World Women Day

  1. 1. International Women's Day ( IWD ) March 8 Melda N. Yildiz, Ed.D. [email_address] William Paterson University March 4, 2007
  2. 3. <ul><li>‘ Ey kahraman Türk kadını! Sen yerde sürünmeye değil, omuzlar üzerinde göklere yükselmeye layıksın’ </li></ul><ul><li>Mustafa Kemal ATATURK </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>The United Nations' theme for International Women's Day in 2007 is </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; Ending Impunity for Violence against Women and Girls .&quot; </li></ul>Source- Unicef-
  4. 6. <ul><li>Birleşmiş Milletler Teşkilatı ‘nın yaymaya çalıştığı kadın hakları ile ilgili görüşler, Atatürk tarafından çok önceleri dile getirilmiş ve çoğunlukla da uygulama alanına sokulmuştur. Atatürk, Cumhuriyet’ in ilanından dokuz ay önce Şubat 1923 ‘de şöyle demiştir: </li></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>‘ Bizim sosyal toplumumuzun başarısızlığının sebebi, kadınlarımıza karşı gösterdiğimiz ilgisizlikten ileri gelmektedir. Yaşamak demek faaliyet demektir. Bundan dolayı bir sosyal toplumun, bir organı faaliyette bulunurken, diğer bir organı işlemezse, o sosyal toplum felçlidir.’ </li></ul><ul><li>Mustafa Kemal ATATURK </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>İş yaşamına ilk kez 1897’de “ücretli işçi” olarak giren kadınlara </li></ul><ul><li>1913 yılında da “devlet memuru” olma hakkı verildi. </li></ul><ul><li>İlk kadın belediye başkanı Müfide İlhan 1950’de Mersin’den seçilirken, </li></ul><ul><li>ilk kadın bakan Türkan Akyol 1971’de, </li></ul><ul><li>ilk kadın vali Lale Aytaman 1991’de atandı. </li></ul><ul><li>İlk kadın başbakan Tansu Çiller, 1993’te hükümet kurdu. </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>1857 yılında New York’lu dokuma işçisi kadınların daha insanca bir yaşam isteyerek, eşitsizliklere ve ayrımcılığa karşı sürdürdüğü mücadele ile başlayan süreçte 8 Mart, tüm dünya kadınlarının, kutladığı uluslararası bir güne dönüştü. </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>DÜNYADA KADIN• </li></ul><ul><li>Dünya'nın yüzde 49.7'si kadın. </li></ul><ul><li>Yani kadın nüfusu 3 milyardan fazla.• </li></ul><ul><li>Her yıl, yarım milyondan fazla kadın, gebelik ya da doğum sırasında yaşamını yitiriyor.• </li></ul><ul><li>Kadın cinayet kurbanlarının yüzde 70'i eşleri ya da sevgilileri tarafından öldürülüyor. • </li></ul><ul><li>Dünyada her 3 kadından 1'i hayatının bir döneminde şiddete maruz kalıyor. • </li></ul><ul><li>Her 5 kadından 1'i hayatının bir döneminde tecavüz veya tecavüz girişimi kurbanı oluyor. •  </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>ABD'de her 90 saniyede 1 kadın tecavüze uğrarken, </li></ul><ul><li>Irak'ta nisan 2003'ten bu yana savaş sırasında ve sonrasında, en az 400 kadının tecavüze uğradığı İnsan Hakları İzleme Örgütü'nün raporlarında yer alıyor. </li></ul><ul><li>Dünyada, ağırlıklı olarak Afrika kıtasında 135 milyondan fazla kadın sünnet ediliyor. </li></ul><ul><li>Dünya genelinde mültecilerin yüzde 80'i kadın. </li></ul><ul><li>Gelişmekte olan ülkelerde okur-yazar olmayan her 3 kişiden 2'si kadın. </li></ul><ul><li>80 milyonluk Arap dünyasında her 2 kadından 1'i okuma yazma bilmiyor. </li></ul><ul><li>Suudi Arabistan'da kadının oy hakkı yok, araba kullanması yasak. </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>Dünyada 54 ülkede kadınlara yönelik ayrımcı yasalar bulunurken, 'namus savunması' Peru, Bangladeş, Arjantin, Ekvator, Mısır, Guatemala, İran, İsrail, Ürdün, Suriye, Lübnan ve Venezuella'nın ceza yasalarında yer alıyor. </li></ul><ul><li>İran'da çok istisnai durumlar haricinde kadının boşanma hakkı yok. </li></ul><ul><li>Şeriat'la idare edilen ülkelerde zina yapan kadının cezası Recm yani taşlanarak ölüm. </li></ul><ul><li>Tüm dünyada sağlık çalışanlarının yüzde 75'i kadın. </li></ul><ul><li>Siyasette ve iş dünyasında da kadınların oranı gelişmiş ülkelerde bile epey düşük.Eğitim seviyesi arttıkça, işsizlik de artıyor. </li></ul>
  11. 17. <ul><li>This engraved depiction of New Jersey women voting around 1800 was created by noted illustrator Howard Pyle in 1880 to make women aware of the earlier voting rights they had lost. </li></ul>
  12. 20. Yeh- Shen: A Cinderella Story From China
  13. 21. <ul><li>The single most important factor preventing girls from attending and achieving in school is gender discrimination. Girls and boys both have hurdles to overcome. For girls the hurdles are, for the most part, higher and more frequent—simply because they are girls. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.unicef.org/girlseducation/index_barriers.html </li></ul>
  14. 22. How to Teach Media Literacy
  15. 23. Low Self-Esteem <ul><li>“ 92% of girls want to change at least one aspect of their appearance.Dove believes all girls deserve to see how beautiful they really are and is committed to raising self-esteem in girls everywhere. That's why we created the Dove Self-Esteem Fund.” </li></ul><ul><li>(www.campaignforrealbeauty.com) </li></ul>
  16. 24. http://www.thriveoncreative.com/clients/seejane.org/pdfs/where.the.girls.arent.pdf#search='findings%20of%20the%20study%2C%20Where%20the%20Girls%20Aren%27t ‘ <ul><li>The study examined 101 animated and live-action films made from 1990 to 2004. It found only 28 per cent of speaking characters were female and, in crowd scenes, only 17 per cent were female. </li></ul><ul><li>Among the films studied were Finding Nemo, The Lion King, Monsters, Inc., Chicken Run, The Princess Diaries, Babe, The Santa Clause 2 and Toy Story . </li></ul>
  17. 25. Findings of the study, Where the Girls Aren't <ul><li>Children's films devalue women by making most characters male, says Geena Davis </li></ul><ul><li>http://enjoyment.independent.co.uk/film/news/article345283.ece </li></ul>
  18. 26. <ul><li>  Half the Population, a Fifth of the News     By Sanjay Suri     Inter Press Service </li></ul><ul><li>     Wednesday 15 February 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>     London - More and more women are now reporting the news, but still only about a fifth of the subjects are women, a new survey shows. </li></ul><ul><li>     &quot;What we see in news subjects is that whilst women make up 52 percent of the world's population, they make up only 21 percent of news subjects,&quot; Anna Turley from the World Association for Christian Communication (WACC) told IPS. WACC is a non-governmental organisation that promotes communication for social change. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.truthout.org/issues_06/021506WA.shtml </li></ul>
  19. 29. The trouble…is that we have taken our democracy for granted; we have thought and acted as if our forefathers had founded it once and for all. We have forgotten that it has to be enacted anew in every generation. John Dewey
  20. 30. Marguerite de Valois Queen Margot 1553-1615
  21. 34. Reasons using new media <ul><li>Provides: </li></ul><ul><li>Access -- Liberate teachers and students from textbook format. Provide alternative resources- Teachers and students will be able to research through online resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Global Point of View -- Students and teachers will participate online discussion groups, weblogs, wikis, and listservs. </li></ul><ul><li>New tools for classrooms– Students and teachers will be able to produce media presentations, learning objects, interactive teaching material. </li></ul>
  22. 35. Course has three main parts <ul><li>De-construct: ( Read Media ) Media Literacy Activities (deconstructing webpages, news, advertisement, and newspapers; POV (point of view) exercise, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Research: ( Use Media ) Information Literacy (Library Skills, researching internet resources, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Construct: ( Write Media ) Media Production (Create an oral history project, video documentary, website, webquest, weblog, and multimedia presentation) </li></ul>
  23. 36. Resources/ Presentation Slides <ul><li>Media Literacy Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation Slides/ Course outlines </li></ul><ul><li>http:// medialiteracyproject.blogspot.com/ </li></ul>
  24. 41. <ul><li>Watch Full Circle </li></ul><ul><li>http://homepage.mac.com/hbarrett/eportfolios/iMovieTheater63.html </li></ul><ul><li>View the clips provided on the links and write what do they sell? who is the target audience? </li></ul><ul><li>Truth About http://youtube.com/watch?v=ShDoxve85jI </li></ul><ul><li>I am Canadian: http:// youtube.com/watch?v =E4Nw3qlXOJo </li></ul>
  25. 42. <ul><li>Shakira AD http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =HqK7fOA56bc&search=pepsi%20shakira </li></ul><ul><li>watch and identify and respond </li></ul><ul><li>what they sell? </li></ul><ul><li>a) Pepsi b) God c) Beauty d) Youth e) all </li></ul><ul><li>who is their target audience? </li></ul><ul><li>a) you b) hispanic c) global d) young people </li></ul>
  26. 44. http://www.pbs.org/race/000_General/000_00-Home.htm
  27. 47. As we enter the twenty first century, it is essential that the schools be places that help students better understand the complex, symbol-rich culture in which they live in. A new vision of literacy is essential if educators are serious about the broad goals of education: preparing students to function as informed and effective citizens in a democratic society; preparing students to realize personal fulfillment; and preparing students to function effectively in a rapidly changing world that demands new, multiple literacies . Renee Hobbs, 1997
  28. 48. <ul><li>It is no longer enough to simply read and write. Students must also become literate in the understanding of visual images. Our children must learn how to spot a stereotype , isolate a social cliché and distinguish facts from propaganda , analysis from banter, important news from coverage. </li></ul><ul><li>Ernest Boyer </li></ul>
  29. 49. <ul><li>Media Education is both essential to the exercising of our democratic rights and a necessary safeguard against the worst excesses of media manipulation for political purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>Len Masterman </li></ul>
  30. 50. <ul><li>The aim is to develop an awareness about print and the newer technologies of communications so that we can orchestrate them, …. And get the best out of each in the educational process. </li></ul><ul><li>Without understanding of media languages and grammars , we cannot hope to achieve a contemporary awareness of the world in which we live. </li></ul><ul><li>Marshall McLuhan </li></ul>
  31. 51. &quot;I learned how to deconstruct commercials, how to use the camera equipment, and how to create a public service announcement. Most importantly, I experienced that every message can be interpreted differently. Depending on the era, personal experience, each sign makes different meaning to different people. Prior to taking this course, I simply watched a commercial at face value. I never really looked at the details or asked myself what target audience the advertising company was aiming for. Since class, I have been a commercial-analyzing junkie. I look at the color scheme, the logo, the endorser (if there is one), choice of music, and the intended target audience.”
  32. 52. “ I am happy to have met you, because you have given me much more to think about than just the content of this class. … More than learning video production, this course gave me the chance to reflect on my own viewing habits and I learned something about myself.”
  33. 53. <ul><li>A democratic civilization will save itself only if it makes the language of the image into a stimulus for critical reflection , not an invitation to hypnosis. </li></ul><ul><li>Umberto Eco (l979) </li></ul>
  34. 54. Teacher’s Role <ul><li>Education must begin with the solution of the teacher-student contradiction, by reconciling the poles of the contradiction so that both are simultaneously teachers and students. </li></ul><ul><li>Paulo Freire </li></ul>

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