CopyrightCopyright, according to the USCopyright Office, is “a form ofprotection provided by the laws ofthe United States to the authors of“original works of authorship,”includingliterary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works."
Reason for CopyrightCopyright laws are based on thebelief that if people are compensatedfor their original work, that thecompensation will encourage morecreative, original works, and thatsociety as a whole benefits from this(Starr, 2010).
What is Copyrighted?Almost every tangible expression isautomatically copyrighted with a fewsmall exceptions and items that arein the public domain. An author doesnot have to register the work for it tobe protected (Starr, 2010).
Public DomainIncludes all materials that are notprotected by copyright and do notrequire a fee or license to use(“Teaching copyright,” n.d.).Things enter the public domain becausethey have been assigned their by theircreator, the copyright on them hasexpired, or they are not protected bycopyright (“Teaching copyright,” n.d.).
Internet and CopyrightCopyright law governs most of thematerial on the internet in the sameway it governs non-digitizedmaterial (ie.books, music, videos, etc.)(Harper, 2007). Most material onthe internet is not in the publicdomain.
Fair UseFair use offerseducators, researchers, and others tomake reasonable and limited uses ofcopyrighted materials(Scholarship, n.d.).
Is it Fair Use?There are four factors to consider if it is fair use(Starr, 2010). They are:1. the purpose and character of the use2. the nature of the copyrighted work3. the amount and substantiality of the portionused in relation to the copyrighted work as awhole4. the effect of the use upon the potentialmarket for or value of the copyrighted work
Fair Use ChecklistThe following checklist is a guide todetermining fair use:http://copyright.columbia.edu/copyright/files/2009/10/fairusechecklist.pdf
General Guidelines for EducatorsUnder most circumstances, educators may copy:a single chapter from a bookan excerpt from a work that combines language andillustrations, such as a childrens book, not exceeding two pagesor 10 percent of the work, whichever is lessa poem of 250 words or less or up to 250 words of a longer poeman article, short story, or essay of 2,500 words or less, orexcerpts of up to 1,000 words or 10 percent of a longerwork, whichever is less; ora single chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon, or picture froma book, periodical, or newspaper.(Starr, 2010)
General Guidelines for EducatorsEducators may NOT:make multiple copies of different works as a substitute forthe purchase of books or periodicalscopy the same works for more than one semester, class, orcoursecopy the same work more than nine times in a singlesemesteruse copyrighted work for commercial purposesuse copyrighted work without attributing the author.(Starr, 2010).
US Copyright Basics Videohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=q9t8MZOB_tc&noredirect=1#!
Two General Rules to Remember1. If you are not sure, ask forpermission.2. If you are taking away revenuefrom someone, you are probablyviolating copyright (although you canviolate copyright without taking awayrevenue).
References CitedELearningExpert. (2012). U.S. copyright basics. Youtube.Retrieved June 6, 2013, fromhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=q9t8MZOB_tc#!Harper, G. K. (2007). Copyright crash course. University ofTexas Libraries. Retrieved May 29, 2013, fromhttp://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/Office, U. S. C. (2012). Copyright Basics. Retrieved June6, 2013, from http://www.copyright.gov/circs/circ01.pdfScholarship, C. for D. R. and. (n.d.). Copyright, fair use, andeducation. Columbia University Library. Retrieved June6, 2013, from http://copyright.columbia.edu/copyright/
Scindo. (2006). Copyright crystal black image. Retrieved June10, 2013, fromhttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c8/Copyright_crystal_black.pngStarr, L. (2010). The educator’s guide to copyright and fairuse. Education World. Retrieved June 6, 2013, fromhttp://www.educationworld.com/a_curr/curr280.shtmlTeaching copyright. (n.d.). Retrieved May 29, 2013, fromhttp://www.teachingcopyright.org/Unknown. (2012). Public domain image. Retrieved June 10,2013, from http://pixabay.com/en/computer-icon-blue-copyright-31188/