Copyright Copyright, according to the USCopyright Office, is “a form of protectionprovided by the laws of the UnitedStates (title 17, U.S.Code) to the authorsof “original works of authorship,”including literary, dramatic, musical,artistic, and certain other intellectualworks."
Reason for Copyright Copyright laws are based on the beliefthat if people are compensated for theiroriginal work, that the compensation willencourage more creative, original works,and that society as a whole benefitsfrom this (Starr, 2010).
What is Copyrighted? Almost every tangible expression isautomatically copyrighted with a fewsmall exceptions and items that are inthe public domain. An author does nothave to register his/her work for it to beprotected (Starr, 2010).
Public Domain Includes all materials that are notprotected by copyright and do notrequire a fee or license to use(“Teaching copyright,” n.d.). Things enter the public domain becausethey have been assigned their by theircreator, the copyright on them hasexpired, or they are not protected bycopyright (“Teaching copyright,” n.d.).
Internet and Copyright Copyright Law governs most of thematerial on the internet in the sameway it governs non-digitized material(ie. books, music, videos, etc.) (Harper,2007). Most material on the internet isnot in the public domain.
Fair Use Fair use offers educators, researchers,and others to make reasonable andlimited uses of copyrighted materials(Scholarship, n.d.).
Is it Fair Use? There are four factors to consider if it is fairuse (Starr, 2010). They are: 1. the purpose and character of the use 2. the nature of the copyrighted work 3. the amount and substantiality of theportion used in relation to the copyrightedwork as a whole 4. the effect of the use upon the potentialmarket for or value of the copyrighted work
Fair Use Checklist The following checklist is a guide todetermining fair use:http://copyright.columbia.edu/copyright/files/2009/10/fairusechecklist.pdf
General Guidelines forEducatorsUnder most circumstances, educators may copy: a single chapter from a book an excerpt from a work that combines language andillustrations, such as a childrens book, not exceeding twopages or 10 percent of the work, whichever is less a poem of 250 words or less or up to 250 words of alonger poem an article, short story, or essay of 2,500 words or less, orexcerpts of up to 1,000 words or 10 percent of a longerwork, whichever is less; or a single chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon, orpicture from a book, periodical, or newspaper.(Starr, 2010)
General Guidelines forEducatorsEducators may NOT: make multiple copies of different works as asubstitute for the purchase of books or periodicals copy the same works for more than one semester,class, or course copy the same work more than nine times in a singlesemester use copyrighted work for commercial purposes use copyrighted work without attributing the author.(Starr, 2010).
US Copyright Basics Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=q9t8MZOB_tc#!
Two General Rules toRemember: 1. If you are not sure, ask forpermission. 2. If you are taking away revenue fromsomeone, you are probably violatingcopyright (although you can violatecopyright without taking away revenue).
References CitedELearningExpert. (2012). U.S. copyright basics. Youtube. Retrieved June 6, 2013, fromhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=q9t8MZOB_tc#!Harper, G. K. (2007). Copyright crash course. University of Texas Libraries. Retrieved May29, 2013, from http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/Office, U. S. C. (2012). Copyright Basics. Retrieved June 6, 2013, fromhttp://www.copyright.gov/circs/circ01.pdfScholarship, C. for D. R. and. (n.d.). Copyright, fair use, and education. Columbia UniversityLibrary. Retrieved June 6, 2013, from http://copyright.columbia.edu/copyright/Starr, L. (2010). The educator’s guide to copyright and fair use. Education World. RetrievedJune 6, 2013, from http://www.educationworld.com/a_curr/curr280.shtmlTeaching copyright. (n.d.). Retrieved May 29, 2013, from http://www.teachingcopyright.org/