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  • Myself Goutam Bagchi Executive Consultant Of Questkon Consultancy Service & Business Services .I am an educated person residing at Malda TownMaldah, West Bengal, India .Myself have complete the B.com/LLB Degree and having 27 years Sales & Marketing Experience in FMCG/Pharmaceuticals/OTC/Dairy/Petroleum Coke/Cosmetics Products Sales and Franchisee and Channel Development in Various Company in India. Being The Executive Consultant of Questkon Consultancy Services & Business Services I have develop several Blog, Questkon Consultancy Services Channel on You Tube,and Questkon Consultancy Services & Business Services Channel on You Tube,Member of Various Organization & Community
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  • 1. The Monarchy of Britain …or is it England… or is it Great Britain… or is it the United Kingdom???? Ms. Noah AP Euro REVIEW mnoah@rih.org @MsNoahRHS
  • 2. The Tudors (1485 – 1603)
  • 3. Henry VII 1485-1509 • Ended the War of the Roses • Star Chamber • Foreign policy: strengthened navy; alliance with Spain • Frugality (shadiness?)
  • 4. Henry VIII 1509-1547 • Renowned for his 6 wives • Anglican Church • Sir Thomas More • Pilgrimage of Grace • Act of Supremacy 1534 (never renounced Catholicism)
  • 5. Edward VI 1547-1553 Son of Jane Seymore (wife 3) • Protestantism firmly established along with associated reforms (clerical celibacy, mass abolished) • Book of Common Prayer (Thomas Cranmer) • Devise for the Succession (Lady Jane Grey)
  • 6. Mary I 1553-1558 • Daughter of Catherine of Aragon (wife #1); married to Philip II of Spain • Brought Catholicism back to Spain (“Six Articles” undid Edward VI’s religious changes regarding clerics and mass) -> ‘Bloody Mary’s Martyrs’ • famine
  • 7. Elizabeth I 1558 – 1603 • Daughter of Ann Boleyn (wife #2) • Elizabethan Settlement • Act of Supremacy • Act of Uniformity • Threats by the Spanish as well as cousin Mary Stuart (Queen of Scots) • English Renaissance • Golden Age of English Lit
  • 8. The Stuarts (1603-1714)
  • 9. James I 1603-1625 • Son of Mary, Queen of Scots • Previously King James VI of Scotland • Divine Right • Gunpowder Plot (Guy Fawkes) • Golden Age of English Lit continued • “Wisest Fool in Christendom”
  • 10. Charles I 1625 – 1649 • Son of James I • King of England, Scotland and Ireland • Battles with Parliament – Petition of Right ship money; short & long Parliament; Triennial Act; Grand Remonstrance • English Civil War, trial & death: “I would know by what power I am called hither, by what lawful authority?”
  • 11. The Commonwealth AKA the Interregnum
  • 12. Oliver Cromwell 1649-1658 • Military Leader (Roundheads) • Puritan Commonwealth • Invasion of Ireland & Scotland • Protectorate (Lord Protector) • Succeeded by son, Richard for 9 months; then the Council of State until 1660, the year of…
  • 13. The Restoration Of the Stuart Monarchy (1660)
  • 14. Charles II 1660 – 1685 • Son of Charles I • Great Plague & Fire of London • Clarendon Code • Birth of the Whig & Tory political parties • “The Merry Monarch” * Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
  • 15. James II 1685-1689 • Brother of Charles II • Catholic • Parliament: Test Act • Glorious Revoluttion
  • 16. William III and Mary II 1689 – 1702 • English Bill of Rights • Bank of England established • Act of Settlement
  • 17. Anne I 1702-1714 • Sister of Mary II; daughter of James II • Acts of Union 1707 combined England & Scotland to create Great Britain • Treaty of Utrecht ending War of Spanish Succession recognized Hanover heir
  • 18. The Hanovers (1714 – 1910)
  • 19. George I 1714-1727 • Great Britain transitioned to Cabinet Government, led by a Prime Minister • Sir Robert Walpole (1st MP) • War of the Quadruple Alliance vs. Spain
  • 20. George II 1727-1760 • Son of George I • Commissioned Baroque compositions by Handel • War of Austrian Succession (ended with Maria Theresa crowned) • Start of Seven Years War
  • 21. George III 1760-1820 • Grandson of George II • 1st Hanover King born in Britain • Seven Years War • Colonies (Stamp Act etc) • American Revolution • French Revolution • Act of Union 1801 united Great Britain and Ireland, creating the United Kingdom • Descent into madness
  • 22. George IV 1820-1830 • Son of George III • Previously served as regent several times when his father was having an ‘episode’ • Napoleonic wars (regent) • Congress of Vienna (regent)
  • 23. William IV 1830-1837 • Brother of George IV • Poor Law, Slavery (mostly) abolished • Reform Bill of 1832 • Supported independence & neutrality of Belgium
  • 24. Victoria 1837-1901 • Granddaughter of George III • Longest reign in British history • 2nd Industrial Revolution • Corn Laws, Potato Famine • Reform Bill of 1867 • Imperialism • Great Expansion • Allied with PM Benjamin Disraeli • “Grandmother of Europe”
  • 25. Edward VII 1901-1910 • Son of Victoria • Modernized the Navy • Not very interested in politics • Peacemaker among other European nations
  • 26. The Windsors (1910 – present)
  • 27. George V 1910-1936 • Son of Edward VII • World War I & TOV • Rise of Socialism & Fascism • Irish Free State • Balfour Declaration • Great Depression • Rise of Hitler
  • 28. Edward VIII 1936 • Son of George V • Caused a Constitutional crisis when he proposed to an American divorcee, Wallis Simpson • Abdicated in favor of his brother
  • 29. George VI 1936 – 1952 • Brother of Edward VIII; son of George V • World War II • Break up of British Empire; but remained ‘head’ of the Commonwealth of India
  • 30. Elizabeth II 1952 – present • Daughter of George VI • Monarch of the “Commonwealth of Nations” • Suez Crisis • Decolonization in Africa & the Caribbean • Falklands War