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Sexism in the workplace
 

Sexism in the workplace

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    Sexism in the workplace Sexism in the workplace Presentation Transcript

    • Sexism in the Workplace
    • Working Women and Men
      60% of women in the work force; 75% work full-time
      Factors that have changed the U.S. labor force
      Decline of farming
      Growth of cities
      Shrinking family size
      Rising divorce rate
    • Gender and Occupations
      U.S. Department of Labor
      High concentration of women in two types of jobs
      Administrative work (“pink-collar jobs”)
      Service work (food, child care, and health care)
      Men dominate most other job categories
    • Image Bank
    • Gender and Occupations
      Women are kept out of certain jobs by defining some kinds of work as “masculine”
      Fewer women higher in the corporate world
    • Gender, Income, and Wealth
      Women earn 77 cents for every dollar earned by men
      Differences are greater among older workers
      Older working women have typically have less education and seniority
      • Reasons for the gender pay gap
      • Tracking in education
      • Women are more likely to work at types of jobs that pay less.
      • Women professionals, such as physicians, work fewer hours than men in same profession.
      • Above factors account for about half the pay gap
      • Other half may be attributed to pure gender discrimination
      • The Fuller-Schoenberger Study
      • Women had to have higher qualifications than men in order to be offered lower salaries!
    • Gender, Income, and Wealth
      What are the reasons given as to why women earn less than men?
      Still think of less-important jobs as “women’s work”
      Supporters of gender equality
      Propose a policy of “comparable worth”
    • Gender, Income, and Wealth
      Second cause of gender-based income inequality
      Society’s view of family
      U.S. culture gives more of the responsibility of parenting to women
      Pregnancy and raising small children keep many young women out of the labor force
    • Continued
      Choices women make in workplace have an effect on how much they’re paid
      Women choose positions that offer flexibility rather than high salary
      Avoid extensive overtime or business travel because of home responsibilities
      Tend to take breaks in work careers due to maternity leave or child-rearing duties
    • Continued
      2007 Cornell University study
      Mothers are penalized in the workplace
      Perceived by employers as less competent and offered lower starting salaries than equally qualified childless women
      Men aren’t similarly penalized for being parents
    • Housework: Women’s “Second Shift”
      How does housework present a cultural contradiction in the U.S.?
      Essential for family life
      Little rewards for doing it
      In U.S. and around the world
      Care of home and children are “women’s work”
    • Housework: Women’s “Second Shift”
      Labor force reduced the amount of housework, but the share done by women remains the same
    • Image Bank
    • Gender, Income, and Wealth
      Third factor is discrimination against women
      Because it is illegal, it is practiced in subtle ways
      Glass ceiling prevents many women from rising above middle management
    • Gender, Income, and Wealth
      Why do many people think women own most of the country’s wealth?
      Perhaps because they typically outlive men
      Government statistics say differently
      57% of people with assets of $1.5 million or more are men
      Forbes: 10% of the richest people in the U.S. are women