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  • 1. Calculating AgeFor Accurate Developmental Screening Using A Computer Based Tutorial Maria Knight U03a1 Instructional Strategy Presentation
  • 2. The ChallengeCalculating age can be tricky. The formula isbased on the date of the screening, the child’sbirthdate and the child’s due date (if the child wasborn prematurely). There is a straightforwardequation, but there are also adjustments andrules for borrowing or prematurity.
  • 3. The Learning ObjectiveLearners will be able to accurately calculate age instraight forward examples, borrowing examplesand in examples of prematurity given the child’sbirth date, screening date and due date.
  • 4. Components of Tutorials:The Strategy  Frequent questioning to reinforceThe multimedia instruction will be learning and increase retentionpresented as a computer based tutorial.  Drill and practice to master the task“Tutorials are programs in which thecomputer imitates a human tutor”  Problem solving and analysis(Fenrich, 2005, p. 80). In thisexample, instruction is provided with the  Testingopportunity for practice and feedback.
  • 5. The BenefitsA computer based tutorial has manybenefits. Tutorials allow learners to learnand practice skills at their own pace.There is no peer pressure. Learners won’tbe embarrassed if they make mistakes andmay practice longer if they don’t feelpressured to learn quickly.A computer based tutorial is aneffective, low cost way to provide learnersflexibility and support at the same time.
  • 6. AudioThe MediaThe tutorial will include three mediaelements: Text Visual Text – Written descriptions of the practice scenarios and of the problem solving formula Tutorial Audio – Verbal directions and explanations of key elements of the According to Fenrich (2005) “media’s calculations strengths combined with instructional methods that take Visuals – graphic depictions of the advantage of these strengths can problem solving process positively influence learning” (p. 98).
  • 7. Fenrich’s (2005) Guidelines for successfully integrating Media (p. 99-100) “Teaching with more than one medium Strengths of the Media  is usually more effective that teachingText – is best for complex or structured with only one medium”learning like solving word problems  “Text is excellent as part of the instructional strategy for teaching mostAudio –allows the learner to listen instead skills”of reading all the time  “Audio can be particularly effectiveVisuals –illustrate relationships and help when combined with other media”make abstract concepts concrete  “Visuals combined with text reduce learning time and help students acquire and learn information”
  • 8. Sample Tutorial GraphicThe Solution Straight forward Scenario:Using a computer based tutorial withtext, audio and visuals is a formula for Date of birth = May 20, 2010success. Screening date = July 27, 2001The advantages of a tutorial coupled withthe strengths of a multimedia approachprovide learners with the 2011 – 07 – 27motivation, instruction, opportunity to − 2010 – 05 – 20practice and reinforcement they need to ___________________successfully achieve the learning outcome. 0001 – 02 – 07 ReferenceFenrich, P. (2005). Creating instructional multimedia Calculated age = 1 year, 2 months, 7 dayssolutions: Practical guidelines for the real world. SantaRosa, CA: Informing Science Press.