China 2008 - Observations and travel log Report to the Tech Community Friday, October 31, noon Matthew Nemerson, President...
<ul><li>Introductions and China familiarity  </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of the trip </li></ul><ul><li>Opening observations...
<ul><li>Quick introductions  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have you been to China or the Pacific Rim? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S...
<ul><li>Sponsored by Yale Education Travel </li></ul><ul><li>My wife was “Professor on Board” </li></ul><ul><li>26 travele...
 
 
<ul><li>Expected </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Big buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great historical structures </li></ul></ul...
<ul><li>Didn’t expect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humility and introspection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optimism and appreciatio...
Road Warrior Details <ul><li>Canon Digital SLR – three lens </li></ul><ul><li>Cannon – Powershot 100 point and shoot </li>...
Road Warrior Details <ul><li>Uploading to Flickr photos - slowly </li></ul><ul><li>Bloging with Typepad – when connectivit...
 
<ul><li>Rank  Country  Industrial production  Date of Info. </li></ul><ul><li>  growth rate(%) </li></ul><ul><li>1  Sudan ...
<ul><li>Worlds largest at 104 million  </li></ul><ul><li>2x the number of manufacturing workers in the US, Canada, Japan, ...
<ul><li>China is the number one producer of solar photovoltaics , with > 200 manufacturers creating 1700 MW of panels in 2...
<ul><li>Incidence of Poverty – World Bank-ILO </li></ul><ul><li>People  People </li></ul><ul><li>Below  Below </li></ul><u...
 
<ul><li>China's population doubled in  </li></ul><ul><li>50 years to 1.3 billion today. </li></ul><ul><li>China is home to...
The Distribution of World Population
 
PRC government structure II
<ul><li>Policy is not set by government, but primarily by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP)  </li></ul><ul><li>CCP somethi...
<ul><li>‘‘ development is of overriding importance’’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘‘ development is the top priority’’  </li></ul><ul...
Source: Liu, J. and Diamond, J. (2008). Revolutionizing China’s environmental protection. Science, Vol 413, 37-38 CO 2  em...
<ul><li>Compared to the average person in China: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Americans consume nine times as much energy,  </li>...
<ul><li>Large (but controlled) population x sustained high rates of economic growth x increased investments in military an...
<ul><li>Remember these sentiments: </li></ul><ul><li>The only way for manufacturers to compete with China is to move opera...
<ul><li>Move up the value chain from low value goods – i.e. cars, motorcycles industrial machinery </li></ul><ul><li>Branc...
<ul><li>In December 2004, Chinese leaders agreed to shift the economy to be less reliant on inventment and exports and mor...
<ul><li>Importing companies contribute to China’s vast pollution </li></ul><ul><li>That pollution has reached the US west ...
<ul><li>The rule of law and the legal system </li></ul><ul><li>Worker and farmer health, safety and livelihoods </li></ul>...
 
Getting used to world class airports
Getting used to world class airports German Maglev connects to Shanghai suburbs and goes 250 MPH
 
Beijing extreme
The contrasts
Keeping the place clean
Olympic memories
Tiananmen Square
Tiananmen Square
Forbidden City
Forbidden City
“ Traditional” Peking Duck
The Great Wall
Ming Tombs
Beijing Opera
Temple of Heaven
Hospital of traditional medicine
Summer Palace
At Tsinghua University Platinum Certified
Marian Lectures
 
Xi’an
The Xi’an terracotta warriors
The Xi’an terracotta warriors
The Xi’an terracotta warriors
The Xi’an terracotta warriors
Xi’an scenes
Changing China
A typical university <ul><li>40,000 students </li></ul><ul><li>4 year old campus </li></ul><ul><li>Language and foreign tr...
 
The country side
The 3 Gorges Dam
“ Tangtze” River
The 3 Gorges Dam
The “trackers”
 
Impact of 3 Gorges Dam
Impact of 3 Gorges Dam
Impact of 3 Gorges Dam
Cultural and economic Impact of 3 Gorges Dam
The biggest city you never heard of… <ul><li>Chongching – 33 million </li></ul>
The biggest city you never heard of… <ul><li>Fascinating museum about the US during and after war of Japanese occupation <...
 
Shanghai
Shanghai
Shanghai
Shanghai
Modern lifestyles
Modern lifestyles
Terrific Museums
Terrific Museums – Urban Planning
The acrobats are still going strong
Yale China Educational Trip October 2008
 
Thanks for watching!
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A Journey To The Middle Kingdom And Back 2 Final Show Version

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  • A Journey To The Middle Kingdom And Back 2 Final Show Version

    1. 1. China 2008 - Observations and travel log Report to the Tech Community Friday, October 31, noon Matthew Nemerson, President & CEO Connecticut Technology Council Video Conference Room at the Connecticut Innovation Center
    2. 2. <ul><li>Introductions and China familiarity </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of the trip </li></ul><ul><li>Opening observations </li></ul><ul><li>China environment and growth background </li></ul><ul><li>Pictorial highlights </li></ul><ul><li>My final thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Dicsussion </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Quick introductions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have you been to China or the Pacific Rim? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special interests </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Sponsored by Yale Education Travel </li></ul><ul><li>My wife was “Professor on Board” </li></ul><ul><li>26 travelers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly Law School and College grads from 1950s and 1960s with wives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Beijing > Xi’an > Yangtze River > Shanghai </li></ul><ul><li>18 Days </li></ul>
    5. 7. <ul><li>Expected </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Big buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great historical structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chaos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pollution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrogance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oppression? </li></ul></ul>
    6. 8. <ul><li>Didn’t expect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humility and introspection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optimism and appreciation for developments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fondness for USA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleanliness (in Beijing and Shanghai) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of Museums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Level and expansiveness of growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obvious challenges to continued growth </li></ul></ul>
    7. 9. Road Warrior Details <ul><li>Canon Digital SLR – three lens </li></ul><ul><li>Cannon – Powershot 100 point and shoot </li></ul><ul><li>Panasonic laptop – 2.3 pounds </li></ul><ul><li>WE 250 GB drive </li></ul><ul><li>Conversion boxes </li></ul><ul><li>Video Flip </li></ul><ul><li>Sony hard-drive digital movie camera </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of special plugs and powerpacks </li></ul>
    8. 10. Road Warrior Details <ul><li>Uploading to Flickr photos - slowly </li></ul><ul><li>Bloging with Typepad – when connectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Skyping when possible – a few problems </li></ul><ul><li>From PDA wherever I was: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Text messaging at $.50 rather than calling at $1.95/minute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Getting emails usually and often able to send </li></ul></ul>
    9. 12. <ul><li>Rank Country Industrial production Date of Info. </li></ul><ul><li> growth rate(%) </li></ul><ul><li>1 Sudan 32.00 2007 est. </li></ul><ul><li>2 Azerbaijan 31.00 2007 est. </li></ul><ul><li>3 Angola 24.40 2007 est. </li></ul><ul><li>4 Vietnam 17.10 2007 est. </li></ul><ul><li>5 Equatorial Guinea 14.10 2007 est. </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt 13.80 2007 est. </li></ul><ul><li>China 12.90 2007 est </li></ul><ul><li>~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ </li></ul>166 United Kingdom 0.70 2007 est. 167 Belize 0.50 2007 est. 168 Zimbabwe 0.50 2007 est. 169 United States 0.50 2007 est. 170 Saudi Arabia 0.20 2007 est. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ch.html
    10. 13. <ul><li>Worlds largest at 104 million </li></ul><ul><li>2x the number of manufacturing workers in the US, Canada, Japan, France, Germany, Italy, and the UK combined </li></ul><ul><li>Computers and computer parts in Guandong Province: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ If there is a traffic jam between Dongguan and Hong Kong, 70% of the world’s computer market will be affected.” </li></ul></ul>A. Harney, The China Price , The Penguin Press, 2008
    11. 14. <ul><li>China is the number one producer of solar photovoltaics , with > 200 manufacturers creating 1700 MW of panels in 2007, nearly half of total world production of 3,800 MW.  </li></ul><ul><li>China has become the world's leading proponent of solar heating technology </li></ul><ul><li>China is among the world leaders in wind energy with as much as 70% of the components made in China. </li></ul>Chinese Renewable Energy Industries Association (CREIA), Scientific American , August 4, 2008
    12. 15. <ul><li>Incidence of Poverty – World Bank-ILO </li></ul><ul><li>People People </li></ul><ul><li>Below Below </li></ul><ul><li>$2/Day $2/Day </li></ul><ul><li> Late-1980s Late-1990s </li></ul><ul><li>China 67.4% 50.1% </li></ul><ul><li>India 83.2% 78.8% </li></ul><ul><li>Africa 76.1% 76.1% </li></ul>ANEEL KARNANI, THE MIRAGE OF MARKETING TO THE BOP CALIFORNIA MANAGEMENT REVIEW VOL. 49, NO. 4 SUMMER 2007
    13. 17. <ul><li>China's population doubled in </li></ul><ul><li>50 years to 1.3 billion today. </li></ul><ul><li>China is home to approximately </li></ul><ul><li>20% of the world's 6.4 billion </li></ul><ul><li>people. </li></ul><ul><li>170 cities over 1 million population </li></ul><ul><li>Total of 56 ethnic groups, of which the largest is the Han Chinese. </li></ul>
    14. 18. The Distribution of World Population
    15. 20. PRC government structure II
    16. 21. <ul><li>Policy is not set by government, but primarily by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) </li></ul><ul><li>CCP something like a board of directors, but also maintains a parallel organizational structure to that of the government bureaucracy, with Party members overseeing the work of government officials. </li></ul>J. Starr, Understanding China, Hill and Wang, 2001.
    17. 22. <ul><li>‘‘ development is of overriding importance’’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘‘ development is the top priority’’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘‘ overall, balanced and sustainable development’’ </li></ul><ul><li>gradually giving birth to a scientific philosophy of development specific to China </li></ul>
    18. 23. Source: Liu, J. and Diamond, J. (2008). Revolutionizing China’s environmental protection. Science, Vol 413, 37-38 CO 2 emissions are rising in step with growing GDP
    19. 24. <ul><li>Compared to the average person in China: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Americans consume nine times as much energy, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>use four times as much water, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>release nearly eight times as much greenhouse gas </li></ul></ul>
    20. 25. <ul><li>Large (but controlled) population x sustained high rates of economic growth x increased investments in military and space x growing technological might = world superpower ? </li></ul><ul><li>Intolerance of social behaviors x mass rural unemployment x corruption x poor environmental conditions x unwillingness to undertake structural reform = </li></ul><ul><li>collapse of China? </li></ul>
    21. 26. <ul><li>Remember these sentiments: </li></ul><ul><li>The only way for manufacturers to compete with China is to move operations to China themselves.... </li></ul><ul><li>“ China makes you sharp or it kills you.” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wall Street Journal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>March 2004 </li></ul></ul></ul>
    22. 27. <ul><li>Move up the value chain from low value goods – i.e. cars, motorcycles industrial machinery </li></ul><ul><li>Branch out into design – J&J, research and development, brand creation to compete with higher price int’l brands </li></ul><ul><li>Acquire rivals and increase economies of scale </li></ul><ul><li>Retire and speculate on real estate!! </li></ul>
    23. 28. <ul><li>In December 2004, Chinese leaders agreed to shift the economy to be less reliant on inventment and exports and more toward domestic consumption. </li></ul><ul><li>One Chinese report referred to this as a move away from the two “strong horses” of investment and international trade toward the “weak donkey” of consumption. </li></ul>
    24. 29. <ul><li>Importing companies contribute to China’s vast pollution </li></ul><ul><li>That pollution has reached the US west coast and other parts of the world </li></ul><ul><li>China and other countries compete for energy, food crops, and other global resources (but this also reduces fertilizer loading and the water needed to grow grains and other crops </li></ul><ul><li>China’s fate is already intertwined with that of the rest of the world. </li></ul>
    25. 30. <ul><li>The rule of law and the legal system </li></ul><ul><li>Worker and farmer health, safety and livelihoods </li></ul><ul><li>Watchdog role of media </li></ul><ul><li>Grow-at-any cost vs. balanced development </li></ul><ul><li>And, even with the rising expectations of Chinese citizens, ultimately, remember an important lesson from the west… </li></ul>
    26. 32. Getting used to world class airports
    27. 33. Getting used to world class airports German Maglev connects to Shanghai suburbs and goes 250 MPH
    28. 35. Beijing extreme
    29. 36. The contrasts
    30. 37. Keeping the place clean
    31. 38. Olympic memories
    32. 39. Tiananmen Square
    33. 40. Tiananmen Square
    34. 41. Forbidden City
    35. 42. Forbidden City
    36. 43. “ Traditional” Peking Duck
    37. 44. The Great Wall
    38. 45. Ming Tombs
    39. 46. Beijing Opera
    40. 47. Temple of Heaven
    41. 48. Hospital of traditional medicine
    42. 49. Summer Palace
    43. 50. At Tsinghua University Platinum Certified
    44. 51. Marian Lectures
    45. 53. Xi’an
    46. 54. The Xi’an terracotta warriors
    47. 55. The Xi’an terracotta warriors
    48. 56. The Xi’an terracotta warriors
    49. 57. The Xi’an terracotta warriors
    50. 58. Xi’an scenes
    51. 59. Changing China
    52. 60. A typical university <ul><li>40,000 students </li></ul><ul><li>4 year old campus </li></ul><ul><li>Language and foreign trade </li></ul>
    53. 62. The country side
    54. 63. The 3 Gorges Dam
    55. 64. “ Tangtze” River
    56. 65. The 3 Gorges Dam
    57. 66. The “trackers”
    58. 68. Impact of 3 Gorges Dam
    59. 69. Impact of 3 Gorges Dam
    60. 70. Impact of 3 Gorges Dam
    61. 71. Cultural and economic Impact of 3 Gorges Dam
    62. 72. The biggest city you never heard of… <ul><li>Chongching – 33 million </li></ul>
    63. 73. The biggest city you never heard of… <ul><li>Fascinating museum about the US during and after war of Japanese occupation </li></ul>
    64. 75. Shanghai
    65. 76. Shanghai
    66. 77. Shanghai
    67. 78. Shanghai
    68. 79. Modern lifestyles
    69. 80. Modern lifestyles
    70. 81. Terrific Museums
    71. 82. Terrific Museums – Urban Planning
    72. 83. The acrobats are still going strong
    73. 84. Yale China Educational Trip October 2008
    74. 86. Thanks for watching!
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