A Journey To The Middle Kingdom And Back 2 Final Show Version
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A Journey To The Middle Kingdom And Back 2 Final Show Version

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Slide show by Matthew Nemerson for the CT Technology Council

Slide show by Matthew Nemerson for the CT Technology Council

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A Journey To The Middle Kingdom And Back 2 Final Show Version A Journey To The Middle Kingdom And Back 2 Final Show Version Presentation Transcript

  • China 2008 - Observations and travel log Report to the Tech Community Friday, October 31, noon Matthew Nemerson, President & CEO Connecticut Technology Council Video Conference Room at the Connecticut Innovation Center
    • Introductions and China familiarity
    • Overview of the trip
    • Opening observations
    • China environment and growth background
    • Pictorial highlights
    • My final thoughts
    • Dicsussion
    • Quick introductions
      • Have you been to China or the Pacific Rim?
      • Special interests
    • Sponsored by Yale Education Travel
    • My wife was “Professor on Board”
    • 26 travelers
      • Mostly Law School and College grads from 1950s and 1960s with wives
    • Beijing > Xi’an > Yangtze River > Shanghai
    • 18 Days
  •  
  •  
    • Expected
      • Big buildings
      • Great historical structures
      • Growth
      • Chaos
      • Pollution
      • Arrogance
      • Oppression?
    • Didn’t expect
      • Humility and introspection
      • Optimism and appreciation for developments
      • Fondness for USA
      • Cleanliness (in Beijing and Shanghai)
      • Quality of Museums
      • Quality of infrastructure
      • Level and expansiveness of growth
      • Obvious challenges to continued growth
  • Road Warrior Details
    • Canon Digital SLR – three lens
    • Cannon – Powershot 100 point and shoot
    • Panasonic laptop – 2.3 pounds
    • WE 250 GB drive
    • Conversion boxes
    • Video Flip
    • Sony hard-drive digital movie camera
    • Lots of special plugs and powerpacks
  • Road Warrior Details
    • Uploading to Flickr photos - slowly
    • Bloging with Typepad – when connectivity
    • Skyping when possible – a few problems
    • From PDA wherever I was:
      • Text messaging at $.50 rather than calling at $1.95/minute
      • Getting emails usually and often able to send
  •  
    • Rank Country Industrial production Date of Info.
    • growth rate(%)
    • 1 Sudan 32.00 2007 est.
    • 2 Azerbaijan 31.00 2007 est.
    • 3 Angola 24.40 2007 est.
    • 4 Vietnam 17.10 2007 est.
    • 5 Equatorial Guinea 14.10 2007 est.
    • Egypt 13.80 2007 est.
    • China 12.90 2007 est
    • ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    166 United Kingdom 0.70 2007 est. 167 Belize 0.50 2007 est. 168 Zimbabwe 0.50 2007 est. 169 United States 0.50 2007 est. 170 Saudi Arabia 0.20 2007 est. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ch.html
    • Worlds largest at 104 million
    • 2x the number of manufacturing workers in the US, Canada, Japan, France, Germany, Italy, and the UK combined
    • Computers and computer parts in Guandong Province:
      • “ If there is a traffic jam between Dongguan and Hong Kong, 70% of the world’s computer market will be affected.”
    A. Harney, The China Price , The Penguin Press, 2008
    • China is the number one producer of solar photovoltaics , with > 200 manufacturers creating 1700 MW of panels in 2007, nearly half of total world production of 3,800 MW. 
    • China has become the world's leading proponent of solar heating technology
    • China is among the world leaders in wind energy with as much as 70% of the components made in China.
    Chinese Renewable Energy Industries Association (CREIA), Scientific American , August 4, 2008
    • Incidence of Poverty – World Bank-ILO
    • People People
    • Below Below
    • $2/Day $2/Day
    • Late-1980s Late-1990s
    • China 67.4% 50.1%
    • India 83.2% 78.8%
    • Africa 76.1% 76.1%
    ANEEL KARNANI, THE MIRAGE OF MARKETING TO THE BOP CALIFORNIA MANAGEMENT REVIEW VOL. 49, NO. 4 SUMMER 2007
  •  
    • China's population doubled in
    • 50 years to 1.3 billion today.
    • China is home to approximately
    • 20% of the world's 6.4 billion
    • people.
    • 170 cities over 1 million population
    • Total of 56 ethnic groups, of which the largest is the Han Chinese.
  • The Distribution of World Population
  •  
  • PRC government structure II
    • Policy is not set by government, but primarily by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
    • CCP something like a board of directors, but also maintains a parallel organizational structure to that of the government bureaucracy, with Party members overseeing the work of government officials.
    J. Starr, Understanding China, Hill and Wang, 2001.
    • ‘‘ development is of overriding importance’’
    • ‘‘ development is the top priority’’
    • ‘‘ overall, balanced and sustainable development’’
    • gradually giving birth to a scientific philosophy of development specific to China
  • Source: Liu, J. and Diamond, J. (2008). Revolutionizing China’s environmental protection. Science, Vol 413, 37-38 CO 2 emissions are rising in step with growing GDP
    • Compared to the average person in China:
      • Americans consume nine times as much energy,
      • use four times as much water, and
      • release nearly eight times as much greenhouse gas
    • Large (but controlled) population x sustained high rates of economic growth x increased investments in military and space x growing technological might = world superpower ?
    • Intolerance of social behaviors x mass rural unemployment x corruption x poor environmental conditions x unwillingness to undertake structural reform =
    • collapse of China?
    • Remember these sentiments:
    • The only way for manufacturers to compete with China is to move operations to China themselves....
    • “ China makes you sharp or it kills you.”
        • Wall Street Journal
        • March 2004
    • Move up the value chain from low value goods – i.e. cars, motorcycles industrial machinery
    • Branch out into design – J&J, research and development, brand creation to compete with higher price int’l brands
    • Acquire rivals and increase economies of scale
    • Retire and speculate on real estate!!
    • In December 2004, Chinese leaders agreed to shift the economy to be less reliant on inventment and exports and more toward domestic consumption.
    • One Chinese report referred to this as a move away from the two “strong horses” of investment and international trade toward the “weak donkey” of consumption.
    • Importing companies contribute to China’s vast pollution
    • That pollution has reached the US west coast and other parts of the world
    • China and other countries compete for energy, food crops, and other global resources (but this also reduces fertilizer loading and the water needed to grow grains and other crops
    • China’s fate is already intertwined with that of the rest of the world.
    • The rule of law and the legal system
    • Worker and farmer health, safety and livelihoods
    • Watchdog role of media
    • Grow-at-any cost vs. balanced development
    • And, even with the rising expectations of Chinese citizens, ultimately, remember an important lesson from the west…
  •  
  • Getting used to world class airports
  • Getting used to world class airports German Maglev connects to Shanghai suburbs and goes 250 MPH
  •  
  • Beijing extreme
  • The contrasts
  • Keeping the place clean
  • Olympic memories
  • Tiananmen Square
  • Tiananmen Square
  • Forbidden City
  • Forbidden City
  • “ Traditional” Peking Duck
  • The Great Wall
  • Ming Tombs
  • Beijing Opera
  • Temple of Heaven
  • Hospital of traditional medicine
  • Summer Palace
  • At Tsinghua University Platinum Certified
  • Marian Lectures
  •  
  • Xi’an
  • The Xi’an terracotta warriors
  • The Xi’an terracotta warriors
  • The Xi’an terracotta warriors
  • The Xi’an terracotta warriors
  • Xi’an scenes
  • Changing China
  • A typical university
    • 40,000 students
    • 4 year old campus
    • Language and foreign trade
  •  
  • The country side
  • The 3 Gorges Dam
  • “ Tangtze” River
  • The 3 Gorges Dam
  • The “trackers”
  •  
  • Impact of 3 Gorges Dam
  • Impact of 3 Gorges Dam
  • Impact of 3 Gorges Dam
  • Cultural and economic Impact of 3 Gorges Dam
  • The biggest city you never heard of…
    • Chongching – 33 million
  • The biggest city you never heard of…
    • Fascinating museum about the US during and after war of Japanese occupation
  •  
  • Shanghai
  • Shanghai
  • Shanghai
  • Shanghai
  • Modern lifestyles
  • Modern lifestyles
  • Terrific Museums
  • Terrific Museums – Urban Planning
  • The acrobats are still going strong
  • Yale China Educational Trip October 2008
  •  
  • Thanks for watching!