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Service-Learning in Online Courses: Practical Considerations and Strategies …

Service-Learning in Online Courses: Practical Considerations and Strategies

John Hamerlinck, Minnesota Campus Compact & Lisa Houle, Bethel University

Published in: Education

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  • 1. John HamerlinckMinnesota Campus Compact Lisa Houle Bethel University
  • 2. Context Experience Course Design ? Challenges OpportunitiesWebinarAgenda
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5. passive active
  • 6. passive active
  • 7. passive active
  • 8. David Wiley Licensed under Creative Commons By-SA Then vs Now Analog Digital Tethered Mobile Isolated Connected Generic PersonalConsumption Creating Closed Open
  • 9. David Wiley Licensed under Creative Commons By-SA Then vs Now Education vs Everyday Analog Digital Analog Digital Tethered Mobile Tethered Mobile Isolated Connected Isolated Connected Generic Personal Generic PersonalConsumption Creating Consumption Creating Closed Open Closed Open
  • 10. David Wiley Licensed under Creative Commons By-SACharacteristics of E-learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consuming or Creating Closed or Open
  • 11. Image: explodingdog.comimage:
  • 12.
  • 13. Over 6.1 million students were taking atleast one online course during the fall2010 term, an increase of 560,000students over the previous year.The 10% growth rate for onlineenrollments far exceeds the 1% growth inthe overall higher education studentpopulation.31% of higher education students nowtake at least one course online.65% of higher education institutions nowsay that online learning is a critical part oftheir long-term strategy.“Going the Distance: Online Education in the United States, 2011”I. Elaine Allen and Jeff Seaman, Babson Survey Research Group,Babson College, November 2011
  • 14. October 31, 2010"Online Learning: By the Numbers""Faculty Views About Online Learning"
  • 15. “Going the Distance: Online Education in the United States, 2011”I. Elaine Allen and Jeff Seaman, Babson Survey Research Group, Babson College, November 2011
  • 16. A blend of technology-assisted and traditional classinstruction works betterthan either one alone.Barbara Means. “Evaluation of Evidence-Based Practicesin Online Learning: A Meta-Analysis and Review”
  • 17. Am I already an effectiveonline teacher? cartoon:
  • 18. “The coin of the realm is faculty time.” - Steve Carson, MIT OpenCourseWareImage: Ron Leishman
  • 19. Paralanguage: The (in)famous emoticons SOCIAL (smile faces) :-) PRESENCE Emotion: Affectively charged adjectives like “love,” “hate,” “sad,” and “silly” Vocatives: Addressing students by name, (e.g., “I agree, Mary”) Group reference: Heavy use of “we,” “us,” “our,” etc. Approval: The (in)famous “amen” posts Invitation: Anything that invites a response, e.g., “Any suggestions?”Swan, K. Immediacy, social presence, and asynchronous discussion. In J. Bourne & J. C. Moore (Eds.) Elements of QualityOnline Education, Volume 3. Needham, MA: Sloan-C, 2002.
  • 20.
  • 21. Meaningful ServiceLink to Curriculum Reflection Diversity Partnerships Assessment
  • 22. Distinctions Among Approaches to Service & Experiential Learning Furco, 1996Recipient ProviderService Learning SERVICE LEARNING COMMUNITY SERVICE FIELD EDUCATION VOLUNTEERISM INTERNSHIP
  • 23. Focus on experiential learning through Collaborative, multiple experiences programs like internships and capstones with same community partner, interdisciplinary s-L S-L LEARNING s-l S-l SERVICE Maybe deeper commitment (more hrs.?) Lots of projects, little reflection – Maybe co-curricular, but not necessarily a more like community service deeper learning contextNadinne Cruz
  • 24. American Association for Higher Education & Accreditation (Formerly AAHE) http://www.aahea.org7 Principles for Good Practice inUndergraduate Education1. encourages contact between students and faculty,2. develops reciprocity and cooperation among students,3. encourages active learning,4. gives prompt feedback,5. emphasizes time on task,6. communicates high expectations, and7. respects diverse talents and ways of learning. What aspects of online learning and of service- learning address these principles?
  • 25. Time & Space Unknown Community PartnersPotential Sense of Having Less Control
  • 26. Learning is being redefined for you. Do you also need toexpand your own notion of what service is?
  • 27. If your experience is primarily with direct service . . . . . . you may want to consider indirect service models or advocacy, focused on community-based research or the development of deliverable products.
  • 28. Reflection Collaborative ProjectsCreating Learning Objects
  • 29. International Service-Learning Learning from/with students from everywhereServe rural/remote communities & communitieswithout collegesPartner with a small town or towns for a common frameof reference Partner with a national or international organizations on coordinated or long-term projects (Red Cross, United Way, . . . )Community Based ResearchNo more fictional case studies - Try starting here toorient students to community-focused learning
  • 30. DO…. Understand PRINCIPALS to lay a solidfoundation for a solid structure to be builton. DON’T….. Think in a one-size fits all pre-packaged pedagogical manufacturing plant framework.
  • 31. Community of Inquiry Garrison, Anderson, and Archer, 2000 Supporting DiscourseSOCIALPRESENCE COGNITIVE EDUCATIONAL PRESENCE EXPERIENCE Setting Selecting Climate Content TEACHING PRESENCE (Structure/Process)
  • 32. Project CourseOutcome Design
  • 33. Prior ReflectionFollowing During
  • 34. Student Professor ORStudent Professor Public
  • 35. CognitiveSocial Educational Experience
  • 36. DialogueStructure Autonomy Teaching Presence
  • 38. John Hamerlinck Lisa Houle l-houle@bethel.eduMinnesota Campus Compact Bethel University www.bethel.eduCampus in Community Blog Blog - Journey of a Lifelong Learner http://lisahoule.wordpress.comCenter for Digital Civic Engagement Twitter @LisaHouleTwitter LinkedIn @mncompact