Linking Adult Students with Community Promoting civic engagement through community based learning
Susan Reed, Ph.D., is associate professor at the School for New Learning, DePaul University, where she employs community based learning to teach adult about health care access. Her published books and articles are in both the areas of health care access and community based learning with adults. Catherine Marienau, Ph.D., is professor at the School for New Learning, DePaul University, where she mentors graduate students who carry out individually-designed community-based learning projects. Many of her publications and presentations center on adult learning and development. Introductions
Teaching Context: School for New Learning, working exclusively with adult students, undergraduate and graduate Publication: A special issue of New Directions in Adult and Continuing Educationcalled Linking Adults with Community: Promoting civic engagement through community based learning, 2008. Ongoing research: Study of adult students 1) quantitative comparison of three universities; 2) qualitative analysis of student experience. Our backgrounds
Surfacing assumptions about adult students Applying adult learning concepts Identifying decisions to be made in the design of CBSL for adults with accompanying tradeoffs Highlighting research related to CBSL with adult students Learning Objectives
Direct Experience: Provide hands-on experiences that prompt students to question their assumptions and beliefs (Dewey, 1963/1938; Kolb,1984). Genuine Problems: Engage students in dealing with authentic problems that matter to others (Sheckley and Keeton, 1999). Reflection on Experience: Invite students to reflect on prior learning in the context of these new experiences (Fiddler and Marienau, 2008). Social Relationships: Create opportunities for students to learn with and from each other (Fenwick, 2003). Key concepts in adult learning
Adults negotiate multiple roles and responsibilities With age, individual differences become more distinct Adults seek learning that is relevant to real-life Adults’ new learning builds on prior learning Adults participate in decision making about learning Adults learn in dialogue with others (MacKeracher, 2004) Characteristics of adult learners
Students who work are just as satisfied with CBSL as students who don’t work (Sather, Reed-Bouley and Fair, 2008).
Adults are just as likely to be involved in service learning as younger students (Holland and Robinson, 2008).
Largent and Horinek (2008) analyzed the satisfaction of students and found that adults were less positive about their service learning experiences but found no age differences after adjusting program to account for prior learning.
Arranging for substantive interaction with the community and course materials while accommodating adults' multiple commitments and busy schedules
Utilizing adults’ knowledge and skill while providing new learning that promotes critical reflection and deep meaning making
Capitalizing on adults’ prior experiences while optimizing the potential for new learning.
Design courses and independent projects to engage adults’ knowledge and skill Design reflection to build on adults’ prior learning and experiences Participate in ongoing research to 1) learn more about adults’ view of CBL; 2) identify differences by institution and region; 3) share successes in engaging adults in community based learning and work. Moving forward to Link Adults with community
Dewey, J. (1963/1938). Experience and education. New York: Collier. Fenwick, T.J. (2003). Learning through experience: Troubling orthodoxies and intersecting questions. Malabar, FL: Krieger. Fiddler, M., & Marienau, C. (2008, Summer). Developing habits of reflection for meaningful learning.In, S. Reed & C. Marienau (Eds.), Linking adults with community: Promoting civic engagement through community based learning. New Directions in Adult and Continuing Education, 118, 75-85 . San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Holland, B. A. & Robinson, G. (2008). Community based learning with adults: Bridging efforts in multiple sectors. In S. Reed & C. Marienau (Eds.) Linking Adults with Community: Promoting Civic Engagement through Community-based Learning. New Directions in Adult and Continuing Education, 118, 17-30. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Kolb, D. (1984). Experiential learning: Experience as a source of learning and development. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Resources
Largent, L. & Horinek, J. (2008). Community colleges and adult service learnrs: Evaluating a first year program to improve implementation. In S. Reed & C. Marienau (Eds.) Linking adults with community: Promoting civic engagement through community based learning. (pp. 37-47). New Directions in Adult and Continuing Education, No. 118. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. MacKeracher, D. (2004). Making Sense of Adult Learning. Toronto: University of Toronto, 2004. Sather, P. Reed-Bouley, J. & Fair, M. (2008). The impact of employment on student engagement in service-learning. International Association of Research in Service-learning and Community Engagement. Sheckley, B., & Keeton, M. (1999). Perspectives on key principles of adult learning. Chicago: CAEL. More Resources