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Cloud Computing (Brief Client Briefing   Research & Univ   Oct 2009   en UK)
 

Cloud Computing (Brief Client Briefing Research & Univ Oct 2009 en UK)

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cloud computing in a smarter planet and how can cloud computing be applied in Universities

cloud computing in a smarter planet and how can cloud computing be applied in Universities

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  • 10/15/09 11:40 Shearer SLM.ppt
  • The proliferation of sensors, digital communications and other forms of digital data collection, along with advances in the storage and management of such data has led to a projected tenfold growth in digital data between 2007 and 2011. All of this data has the potential to provide enterprise with valuable insights for running their businesses more effectively and efficiently. Now, businesses analysts need to adapt from an environment in which the challenge was in gaining insights from limited data to one in which the challenge is in managing and extracting useful information from massive data sets. As one can imagine, finding the relevant data, and quickly, amid the 'mountain' of available data can be like finding a needle in a haystack. Moreover, of the growth in digital data, approximately 80% of it is expected to comprise semi-structured and unstructured data (i.e., email, blogs, medical images, videos, audio files, pictures). With unstructured data, considerable effort is required to 'understand' the data, even before any further analysis can be performed to intelligently influence decision making. Semantics The number of semantically tagged documents and data sets is growing, as a result of five developments: “ Linked Data” guidelines, published in 2006, make it easier to share data on the web. The graph in the upper left represents the output of the Linking Open Data community project, which has the goal of making large numbers of open data sets more available by complying with the Linked Data guidelines. RDF (Resource Description Framework) triples are a key component of the Linked Data guidelines. Technologies to convert many legacy sources, especially of relational data, into RDF triples, became available as open source in 2006 (and IBM Research has improved versions of these) Technologies are appearing that can automatically find associations between subjects and objects from one “data graph” with subjects and objects in other “data graphs” Several important reference information suppliers, most notably Thomson Reuters, entered into this space (through their OpenCalais effort). Several efforts have developed technology to mine the essential information about people, places, materials, governments, businesses, works of literature and so on from Wikipedia, into a semantically tagged form (notably DBPedia and Freebase), so that as Wikipedia extends to cover more of the worlds knowledge, more of that becomes part of the Web of semantic data. Net: Both the number of facts, and the rich interconnecting of different classes of facts, have been growing at an accelerating rate. Example Use: In BlueJ! grand challenge, linked data (DBpedia, IMDb, Freebase etc) is used as important structured information source to improve the accuracy of question answering in additional to unstructured information. Acronyms: RDF – Resource Description Framework (W3C Standard) FOAF – Friend of a Friend – the RDF application for describing people and other people they know DBLP – Digital Bibliography and Library Project – bibliographic information on more than 1 million computer science research publications SIOC – Semantically Interlinked Online Communities DOAP – Description of a Project; DOAPSpace – a repository of open source projects RIESE - R DFizing and I nterlinking the E uro S tat Data Set E ffort OpenGuides – Information about leading cities of the world, the kind of information that would appear in a guidebook, produced by the community through a public Wiki. Jamendo – an online music community, including a large quantity of music licensed under various Creative Commons license terms. www.garlik.com – an online identity monitoring service Sindice.com – web service providing a directory/index of all Linked Open Data and Microformat data on the Web
  • The proliferation of sensors, digital communications and other forms of digital data collection, along with advances in the storage and management of such data has led to a projected tenfold growth in digital data between 2007 and 2011. All of this data has the potential to provide enterprise with valuable insights for running their businesses more effectively and efficiently. Now, businesses analysts need to adapt from an environment in which the challenge was in gaining insights from limited data to one in which the challenge is in managing and extracting useful information from massive data sets. As one can imagine, finding the relevant data, and quickly, amid the 'mountain' of available data can be like finding a needle in a haystack. Moreover, of the growth in digital data, approximately 80% of it is expected to comprise semi-structured and unstructured data (i.e., email, blogs, medical images, videos, audio files, pictures). With unstructured data, considerable effort is required to 'understand' the data, even before any further analysis can be performed to intelligently influence decision making. Semantics The number of semantically tagged documents and data sets is growing, as a result of five developments: “ Linked Data” guidelines, published in 2006, make it easier to share data on the web. The graph in the upper left represents the output of the Linking Open Data community project, which has the goal of making large numbers of open data sets more available by complying with the Linked Data guidelines. RDF (Resource Description Framework) triples are a key component of the Linked Data guidelines. Technologies to convert many legacy sources, especially of relational data, into RDF triples, became available as open source in 2006 (and IBM Research has improved versions of these) Technologies are appearing that can automatically find associations between subjects and objects from one “data graph” with subjects and objects in other “data graphs” Several important reference information suppliers, most notably Thomson Reuters, entered into this space (through their OpenCalais effort). Several efforts have developed technology to mine the essential information about people, places, materials, governments, businesses, works of literature and so on from Wikipedia, into a semantically tagged form (notably DBPedia and Freebase), so that as Wikipedia extends to cover more of the worlds knowledge, more of that becomes part of the Web of semantic data. Net: Both the number of facts, and the rich interconnecting of different classes of facts, have been growing at an accelerating rate. Example Use: In BlueJ! grand challenge, linked data (DBpedia, IMDb, Freebase etc) is used as important structured information source to improve the accuracy of question answering in additional to unstructured information. Acronyms: RDF – Resource Description Framework (W3C Standard) FOAF – Friend of a Friend – the RDF application for describing people and other people they know DBLP – Digital Bibliography and Library Project – bibliographic information on more than 1 million computer science research publications SIOC – Semantically Interlinked Online Communities DOAP – Description of a Project; DOAPSpace – a repository of open source projects RIESE - R DFizing and I nterlinking the E uro S tat Data Set E ffort OpenGuides – Information about leading cities of the world, the kind of information that would appear in a guidebook, produced by the community through a public Wiki. Jamendo – an online music community, including a large quantity of music licensed under various Creative Commons license terms. www.garlik.com – an online identity monitoring service Sindice.com – web service providing a directory/index of all Linked Open Data and Microformat data on the Web
  • 10/15/09 11:40 Shearer SLM.ppt
  • 10/15/09 11:40 Shearer SLM.ppt
  • Cloud Computing delivers the significant economic benefits of reduced capex and opex and services level discipline. The Cloud idea says we can apply a new model to business process and IT delivery, management and security to transform the economics not only to e-mail, Google maps and search and other light weight applications, but to the trillion dollar infrastructure investment that underpin the way the world functions.

Cloud Computing (Brief Client Briefing   Research & Univ   Oct 2009   en UK) Cloud Computing (Brief Client Briefing Research & Univ Oct 2009 en UK) Presentation Transcript