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DEMOGRAPHIC DATA
Living without knowing is nothing
DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION OF
PAKISTAN
• Pakistan is the 7th most populous
country of the World
• Total population is about 1...
DEFINITION
• Demography is the scientific
study of Human Population
concerning their Size,
distribution, structure and
cha...
SOURCES OF
DEMOGRAPHIC DATA

• Census
• Registration of Vital Events (births and
deaths)
• Surveys

• In developing countr...
CENSUS

Introduction & History
CENSUS

COUNTING
=

• The number of persons in any community can be
determined by Counting ...
• First complete census in SWEDEN
(in 1749 A.D.)

• Other countries followed it
• In Indo-Pak the 1st census was taken
bet...
Methods of Census
• Census are taken by :
• 1) Enumeration
• 2) Questionnaire
• 3) Combined of both methods
• First method...
TYPES OF CENSUS
• Census may either be

“de facto” or

“de jure”

“de facto”
a person is counted at the place he or she is...
Registration of Vital Events
• Whereas “Census” is an intermittent
counting of Population,
• registration of Vital Events
...
System of Collection and
Registration of Vital Events in
Pakistan
• The System used in Pakistan for the
collection & regis...
Continue..

• In Quetta, the registration is confined to Quetta city
and Cantonment only
• There is the uniform system of ...
Other sources of
Demographic Data
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Notification of Diseases
Hospital Records
Disease Registries
Other Heal...
Population profile of
Pakistan
North East

WEST
Iran

EAST

02/05/14

14

South
Location

• country located in the
mountainous region adjoining
Central Asia and the Middle East
.
• Has a 1,046 kilometer...
• The estimated population of
Pakistan is 187.343 million (2011)
• Pakistan is the 6th most populated
country in the world...
Some Demographic Features of
Population:

• Total pop 187,343,000
• Annual addition of 3.6 million
people
• The population...
Growth rate:

2.69 %

Birth rate:

38 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Death rate:

10deaths/1,000 population

Life ex...
Age structure:

0-14 years:

36.7%

15-64 years:

59.1%

65-over:

4.2%
Sex ratio:

At birth:

1.00 male(s)/female
(2006 est.)

Under 15:

1.06 male(s)/female

15-64 years:

1.05 male(s)/female
...
Fertility by region (2007)[9]

Region

Fertility rate

Urban

3.3

Rural

4.5

Punjab

3.9

Sindh

4.3

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa...
Continue…

• Pakistan is a 'young' nation with a
median age of about 20 Years and
104 million people under 30 years
of age...
Continue…

- Expenditure on health was
2.6% of the GDP in 2009.
- Approx 19% of the population
and 30% of children under a...
Languages:
• Multilingual country, 60
languages
• English is the official language
• Urdu is the national language.
Language
• The following are major
languages spoken in Pakistan:
• Punjabi (Panjab)
•
•
•
•
•

Pashto (three major varieti...
Ethnic Groups:
•
•
•
•
•

Punjabi : 78.7 million (44.15%)
Pashto : 27.2 million (15.42%)
Sindhi : 14.8 million (10.53%) 
S...
Religion

• second-most populous
Muslim-majority country
• also has the second-largest
Shi'a population in the world.
• Ab...
Economy
• is the 26th largest economy in
the world in terms of purchasing
power, and the 47th largest in
absolute dollar t...
Population Explosion
and its Effects

02/05/14

29
DEFINITION
• Population explosion is defined
as:
the condition of having more
people than can live on the
earth in comfort...
MAIN CAUSES:
• Increases in food production and
distribution.
• Improvement in public health
(water and sanitation)
• medi...
Implications of
Population
Explosion:

• There are obvious implications of
Population Explosion to any country.
• There ar...
SHORTAGE OF:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Food and Clean water.
Living space.
Health services.
Educational facilities.
Employment
Securi...
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

INCREASE IN:

Unemployment
Poverty
Crime
Over crowding
Environmental problems
Spread of diseases
Epidemic...
THANK YOU!

02/05/14

35
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Demographic data by dr najeeb memon

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Transcript of "Demographic data by dr najeeb memon"

  1. 1. DEMOGRAPHIC DATA
  2. 2. Living without knowing is nothing
  3. 3. DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION OF PAKISTAN • Pakistan is the 7th most populous country of the World • Total population is about 160 Millions • Growth Rate = 1.9 • Population will be Double in next 32 Years • Crude Death Rate = 8.1/ 1000 • Maternal Mortality Rate is 350-400/ 1 lac • Life expectancy : Male= 64.1 yrs • Female= 63.8 yrs
  4. 4. DEFINITION • Demography is the scientific study of Human Population concerning their Size, distribution, structure and changes within them • Thus, demographic data is the information about these all aspects of Demography
  5. 5. SOURCES OF DEMOGRAPHIC DATA • Census • Registration of Vital Events (births and deaths) • Surveys • In developing countries ( Pakistan) registration of births & deaths is grossly Incomplete Unreliable • :. Demographic sample surveys are conducted yearly to estimate the births &
  6. 6. CENSUS Introduction & History CENSUS COUNTING = • The number of persons in any community can be determined by Counting . Demographic Census is a Socioeconomic Characteristic of population
  7. 7. • First complete census in SWEDEN (in 1749 A.D.) • Other countries followed it • In Indo-Pak the 1st census was taken between 1867-1872, and was repeated in 1881. Therefore , it has been carried out every 10th year. Pakistan’s 1st in 1951, 2nd 1961 3rd 1972 4th 1981 5th in 1998 & 6th 2008
  8. 8. Methods of Census • Census are taken by : • 1) Enumeration • 2) Questionnaire • 3) Combined of both methods • First method is used in Pakistan and USA, while the Questionnaire method in England
  9. 9. TYPES OF CENSUS • Census may either be “de facto” or “de jure” “de facto” a person is counted at the place he or she is found at the time of counting. “de jure” A person is counted at the place of its normal residence.
  10. 10. Registration of Vital Events • Whereas “Census” is an intermittent counting of Population, • registration of Vital Events (e.g., births & deaths) keeps a continuous check on demographic changes. • If it is complete and accurate, it can serve as reliable source of health information.
  11. 11. System of Collection and Registration of Vital Events in Pakistan • The System used in Pakistan for the collection & registration of the vital events follow the following scheme: • Registration of Births & Deaths • The Registration of births and deaths is carried out throughout the provinces of Pakistan, excepting the Agencies and Tribal areas of N.W.F.P., Balouchistan, Trans fronted tract of Dera Ghazi Khan district and Kalat divisions
  12. 12. Continue.. • In Quetta, the registration is confined to Quetta city and Cantonment only • There is the uniform system of registration in the areas comprising the Punjab, NWFP, and the former Bahawalpur state. The area of Sindh Province has however a different type of system for registering these event. • From Medical Institutions, Rural and Urban Areas: • The hospitals & dispensaries supply information pertaining to the births & deaths taking place in these institutions to the local health authorities In the Urban areas : • the births and deaths registration is done by local bodies. In rural areas: it is done by the village Headman or Union Council.
  13. 13. Other sources of Demographic Data • • • • • • • • Notification of Diseases Hospital Records Disease Registries Other Health Services Record Record Linkage Health Manpower Statistics Environmental Health Statistics Population based Epidemiological studies
  14. 14. Population profile of Pakistan North East WEST Iran EAST 02/05/14 14 South
  15. 15. Location • country located in the mountainous region adjoining Central Asia and the Middle East . • Has a 1,046 kilometer (650 mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south, and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, the Republic of India in the east and the People's Republic of China in the far northeast. • Pakistan has been called part of
  16. 16. • The estimated population of Pakistan is 187.343 million (2011) • Pakistan is the 6th most populated country in the world. • It’s second most populous Muslim Country, after Indonesia. • Total area 7,95,791 sq km
  17. 17. Some Demographic Features of Population: • Total pop 187,343,000 • Annual addition of 3.6 million people • The population is projected to reach 243 million by the year 2020 and is estimated to double in the next 34 years. • Rural pop: • Urban 72% 28% IMR 60/1000 live births MMR 3-4 1000 = =
  18. 18. Growth rate: 2.69 % Birth rate: 38 births/1,000 population (2009 est.) Death rate: 10deaths/1,000 population Life expectancy: 63.39 years –male: 62.4 years –female: 64.44 years Fertility rate: 3.58 children born/woman (2008 est.) Sex Ratio 100 M:111 Females
  19. 19. Age structure: 0-14 years: 36.7% 15-64 years: 59.1% 65-over: 4.2%
  20. 20. Sex ratio: At birth: 1.00 male(s)/female (2006 est.) Under 15: 1.06 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 65-over: 0.82 male(s)/female
  21. 21. Fertility by region (2007)[9] Region Fertility rate Urban 3.3 Rural 4.5 Punjab 3.9 Sindh 4.3 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 4.3 Balochistan 4.1
  22. 22. Continue… • Pakistan is a 'young' nation with a median age of about 20 Years and 104 million people under 30 years of age in 2010 • During 1990–2008, Pakistan lead as the most urbanised nation in South Asia, with city dwellers making up 36% of its population • Approx. 50% of Pakistanis reside in towns of 5,000 people or more.
  23. 23. Continue… - Expenditure on health was 2.6% of the GDP in 2009. - Approx 19% of the population and 30% of children under age of five are malnourished - The mortality below 5 yr was at 87 per 1,000 live births in 2009 - About 20% of the population live below the international poverty line of US$ 1.25 per day.
  24. 24. Languages: • Multilingual country, 60 languages • English is the official language • Urdu is the national language.
  25. 25. Language • The following are major languages spoken in Pakistan: • Punjabi (Panjab) • • • • • Pashto (three major varieties) Sindhi Seraiki (Saraiki) Urdu Balochi (three major varieties)
  26. 26. Ethnic Groups: • • • • • Punjabi : 78.7 million (44.15%) Pashto : 27.2 million (15.42%) Sindhi : 14.8 million (10.53%)  Seraikis: 13.3 million (7.57%)  Muhajirs/Urdu:13.3 million (7.57%)  • Balochi(varieties): 6.3 million (3.57%) • The other ethnic groups : 11.1 million (4.66%)
  27. 27. Religion • second-most populous Muslim-majority country • also has the second-largest Shi'a population in the world. • About 97% of the Pakistanis are Muslim. Almost 80% of Pakistani Muslims are Sunni Muslims and 20% are Shi'a Muslims • Hinduism 1.85%, Christianity
  28. 28. Economy • is the 26th largest economy in the world in terms of purchasing power, and the 47th largest in absolute dollar terms. • Pakistan's economy mainly encompasses textiles, chemicals, food processing, agriculture and other industries.
  29. 29. Population Explosion and its Effects 02/05/14 29
  30. 30. DEFINITION • Population explosion is defined as: the condition of having more people than can live on the earth in comfort, happiness and health and still leave the world a fit place for future 02/05/14 30 generations.
  31. 31. MAIN CAUSES: • Increases in food production and distribution. • Improvement in public health (water and sanitation) • medical technology (vaccines and antibiotics) • Increases in education and standards of living within many developing nations 02/05/14 31
  32. 32. Implications of Population Explosion: • There are obvious implications of Population Explosion to any country. • There are some INCREASES and some SHORTAGES faced by community/Nation due to this Explosion • As a whole, its not beneficial for human development and growth.
  33. 33. SHORTAGE OF: • • • • • • • Food and Clean water. Living space. Health services. Educational facilities. Employment Security Other Public Services 02/05/14 33
  34. 34. • • • • • • • • INCREASE IN: Unemployment Poverty Crime Over crowding Environmental problems Spread of diseases Epidemics Power and other crisis 02/05/14 34
  35. 35. THANK YOU! 02/05/14 35
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