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  1. 1. By: Martin IgogoFEUDALISM
  2. 2. What was Feudalism in the Middle Ages? Feudalism was based on the exchange of land ( Fief ) for military service, called the Feudal Levy. King William the Conqueror used the concept of feudalism to reward his Norman supporters for their help in the conquest of England. Feudalism, demanded that everyone owed allegiance to the King and their immediate superior. Everyone was expected to pay for the land by providing the following services:  Work days - completing any chores required  Providing trained soldiers to fight for the King  Providing equipment - clothes and weapons - for the soldiers"Middle Ages Feudalism." Middle Ages. Web. 03 Nov. 2011. <http://www.middle- ages.org.uk/middle-ages-feudalism.htm>.
  3. 3. When was Feudalism establishedin England? Feudalism in England was established by William the Conqueror and the Normans following the defeat of the English Anglo Saxons at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The system and structure of feudalism had been well established in Europe for some time and the Normans imposed feudalism in England."Feudalism." Middle Ages. Web. 03 Nov. 2011. <http://www.middle- ages.org.uk/feudalism.htm>.
  4. 4. Feudalism Pyramid - Fealty andHomage During the Middle Ages a portion of land called a fief would be granted by the King. This reward would be granted to him by his lord in exchange for his services. The recipient of the fief would be one of his vassals. The fief, or land, was usually granted following a Commendation Ceremony. The commendation ceremony was designed to create a lasting bond between a vassal and his lord. Fealty and homage were a key element of feudalism."Feudalism Pyramid." Middle Ages. Web. 03 Nov. 2011. <http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/feudalism-pyramid.htm>.
  5. 5. Feudalism - The Pyramid ofPower The pyramid of power which was the Feudal system ran to a strict pecking order - during the Medieval period of the Middle Ages everyone knew their place. The order of rank and precedence in the Medieval Feudal System was as follows:  The Pope  The King  Nobles  Knights / Vassals  Freemen  Yeomen  Servants  Peasants / Serfs / Villeins "Feudalism Pyramid." Middle Ages. Web. 03 Nov. 2011. <http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/feudalism- pyramid.htm>.
  6. 6. The Feudalism Pyramid and thePope Feudalism was based on the belief that the land belonged to God - but that the Kings, who ruled by Divine Right, managed the land and used it as they wished. However, under the Feudalism pyramid the King was answerable to the Pope. The Pope, as Gods vicar on Earth, had the right to intervene and impose sanctions on an unjust King. Under the feudalism pyramid the Pope had the power to pronounce judgement against a King, depose a King, forfeit his Kingdom, put another King in his place or excommunicate a King. The power and pronouncements of the Pope played a major part in the History of England. The Pope declared the Norman Invasion as a Holy Crusade and declared his support of William the Conqueror against the claim of King Harold."Feudalism Pyramid." Middle Ages. Web. 03 Nov. 2011. <http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/feudalism-pyramid.htm>.
  7. 7. The Decline of Feudalism The decline of feudalism came when rich nobles were allowed to pay for soldiers rather than to fight themselves. Life changed and Mercenaries were hired from all over Europe. The Mercenaries had few allegiances, except to money, and these paid fighting men were feared throughout Europe. The threat of the Mercenaries led on to the employment of professional, trained soldiers - the Standing Armies and ultimately the end of Middle Ages feudalism in England."Decline of Feudalism." Middle Ages. Web. 03 Nov. 2011. <http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/decline-of-feudalism.htm>.
  8. 8. Reasons for the Decline ofFeudalism The reasons for the decline of Feudalism during the Medieval period of the Middle Ages included:  The Crusades and travel during the Middle Ages opened new trade options to England  England started to move from land based economy to a money based economy  The Black Death - this reduced the population of England by one third. Labour became a valuable commodity  The Peasants Revolt - Peasants realised their worth and demanded changes. Charters were granted but ignored by nobles  More trade saw the growth of more towns
  9. 9. cont  Peasants moved away from the country into towns they were eventually allowed to buy their freedom  Land was rented and the rights of lords over labour decreased  The Feudal Levy was unpopular and as time went by Nobles preferred to pay the King rather than to fight and raise troops  Armed men were paid a wage and Medieval warfare was financed by taxes and loans  Nobles became weaker - the Kings took back their lands and power  A centralised government was established"Decline of Feudalism." Middle Ages. Web. 03 Nov. 2011. <http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/decline-of- feudalism.htm>.