• The Republic of Indonesia as it is officially known is more commonly known as Indonesia whose capital is Jakarta.Indonesian National Monument located in Jakarta
Jakarta• The capital Jakarta is estimated to have a population of 8.8 million people and the republic as whole having a population of 238,500,000 million people.
• Jakarta is located on the island of Java and Java is one of 17,000 islands that make up the largest archipelago in the world of which only 6,000 are inhabited. Island of Java
Demographics Languages Bahasa• The most widely spoken Indonesia language throughout English the republic is Javanese ( officially Bahasa Dutch Indonesia), English and Dutch followed by 583 other Javanese dialects 583 Javanese dialects
Ethnicity• . 45% of the ethnic population is made up of Javanese, 14% Sudanese 7.5% Javanese Madurese and the Sudanese remaining 26% Madurese made up of other other ethnic groups.
• 87% of the population Religion practice Islam 6% Protestant the remaining a mix of catholic, Hindu, Buddhis Islam Protestant t and others. Catholic other
Travel: Health• Health in Indonesia Malaria carries a slight to high risk of contracting the following throughout the Typhoid republic. Water and milk consumption has specific Dysenteries safe guards to prevent illness namely boiling but a full list of concerns and Rabies preventative measures is provided at the end of Ingesting Liquids presentation under health.
Travel : SecurityTerrorism•. Terrorist groups have the capacity and intent to carry out attacks at any time and anywhere in the country. Attacks could be indiscriminate, including in places frequented by expatriates and foreign travelers.Theft• Pickpockets are prevalent and violent thefts are very common as well as having your drink spiked while out on the town.Weather• Extreme weather conditions pose a higher risk for Boat travel.Traffic Traffic laws are not regulated and traffic is heavy.
Import/Export Regulations Restricted Free mport Prohibited without a license• Perfume for • No commercial • Video cameras personal use or that are to be• 1Litre of liquor merchandised sold• 50 cigars goods as • Electronics• 200cigarettes baggage • Chinese • Cardboard medicines boxes as • Fire arms luggage • Pornography • Cell phones • Fresh fruit
Indonesian Culture Saving FaceHierarchy• . As with most group orientated • . Due to the need to maintain group harmony the concept of face is important to understand. cultures, hierarchy plays a great role in . In Indonesia the concept is about avoiding the cause Indonesian culture. of shame ("malu"). . Hierarchical relationships are . Consequently, people are very careful how they respected, emphasized and maintained. interact and speak. . Respect is usually shown to those with . Although a foreigner can not be expected to status, power, position, and age. understand the nuances of the concept it is crucial to . This can be seen in both the village and the keep an eye on ones behaviour. . One should never ridicule, shout at or offend anyone. office where the most senior is expected to Imperfections should always be hidden and addresses make group decisions. privately. Similarly blame should never be aimed at . Superiors are often called "bapak" or any individual/group publicly. "ibu", which means the equivalent of father or . One manifestation of the concept of face/shame is mother, sir or madam. that Indonesians communite quite indirectly, i.e. they . Although those higher up the hierarchy make would never wish to cause anyone shame by giving them a negative answer so would phrase it a way decisions Indonesians are advocates of group where you would be expected to realise what they discussion and consensus. This ties back to the truly want to say. idea of maintaining a strong group . Bahasa Indonesian actually has 12 ways of saying cohesiveness and harmonious relationships. "No" and several other ways of saying "Yes" when the actual meaning is "No" !!
Indonesian GreetingGreetings• Greetings can be rather formal as they are meant to show respect. . A handshake is the most common greeting accompanied with the word "Selamat". . Many Indonesians may give a slight bow or place their hands on their heart after shaking your hand. . If you are being introduced to several people, always start with the eldest or most senior person first. . Titles are important in Indonesia as they signify status. If you know of any titles ensure you use them in conjunction with the name.
Indonesian GiftsGifts• Gift Giving Etiquette• Gift giving etiquette in Indonesia heavily depends on the ethnicity of the receiver.. Here are some general gift giving guidelines:• Gift giving etiquette for the Chinese:• . It is considered polite to verbally refuse a gift before accepting it. This shows that the recipient is not greedy. . Items to avoid include scissors, knives or other cutting utensils as they indicate that you want to sever the relationship. . Elaborate wrapping is expected - gold and red and considered auspicious. . Gifts are not opened when received.• Gift giving etiquette for ethnic Malays / Muslims:• . In Islam alcohol is forbidden. Only give alcohol if you know the recipient will appreciate it. . Any food substance should be "halal" - things that are not halal include anything with alcoholic ingredients or anything with pork derivatives such as gelatine. Halal meat means the animal has been slaughtered according to Islamic principles. . Offer gifts with the right hand only. . Gifts are not opened when received.• Gift giving etiquette for ethnic Indians:• . Offer gifts with the right hand only. . Wrap gifts in red, yellow or green paper or other bright colors as these bring good fortune. . Do not give leather products to a Hindu. . Do not give alcohol unless you are certain the recipient imbibes. . Gifts are not opened when received.
Indonesian BusinessBusiness Cards Eticate • . Business cards are normally exchanged after the initial handshake and greeting. . Business cards should display your title. This helps enhance your image and credibility. . Although not required, having one side of your card printed in Bahasa shows respect. . Give/accept cards using two hands or the right hand. . Examine a business card you receive before putting it on the table next to you or in a business card case. . It is important to treat business cards with respect. .
Attire• What to Wear?• . Business attire is generally conservative. . Women should dress conservatively ensuring that they are well covered from ankle to neck. Tight fitting clothes are best avoided. . Remember it is hot, so cotton or at least light clothing is best
Communication Styles• . Indonesians are indirect communicators. This means they do not always say what they mean. It is up to the listener to read between the lines or pay attention to gestures and body language to get the real message. . Generally speaking Indonesians speak quietly and with a subdued tone. Loud people would come across as slightly aggressive. Business is personal in Indonesia so spend time through communication to build a strong relationship. Dealing with someone face-to-face is the only effective way of doing business. . Indonesians abhor confrontation due to the potential loss of face. To be polite, they may tell you what they think you want to hear. If you offend them, they will mask their feelings and maintain a veil of civility. If an Indonesian begins to avoid you or acts coldly towards you, there is a serious problem
Business• Business Meetings• . Initial meetings may be more about getting-to-know-you rather than business. Do not be surprised if business is not even discussed. . It is common for Indonesians to enter the meeting room according to rank. Although you do not have to do this, doing so would give a good impression. . Indonesians do not make hasty decisions because they might be viewed as not having given the matter sufficient consideration. Be prepared to exercise patience. . "Jam Karet" (rubber time) describes the Indonesian approach to time. Things are not rushed as the attitude is that everything has its time and place. Time does not bring money, good relations and harmony do. . If negotiating, avoid pressure tactics as they are likely to backfire.
HEALTH• Basic health information for travelers to Indonesia • A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers coming from infected areas. The countries and areas included in the yellow fever endemic zones are considered by Indonesia as infected areas. • Typhoid occurs. Poliomyelitis transmission has been interrupted in Indonesia. • Malaria risk exists throughout the year everywhere except in the main tourist resorts of Java and Bali, Jakarta municipality and other big cities where risk is only slight. The malignant form falciparum is reported to be highly resistant to chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethane. The benign form vivax is reported to be resistant to chloroquine. The recommended prophylaxis in risk areas is mefloquine. • All water should be regarded as a potential health risk. Water used for drinking, brushing teeth or making ice should have first been boiled or otherwise sterilised. Milk is unpasteurised and should be boiled. Powdered or tinned milk is available and is advised, but make sure that it is reconstituted with pure water. Avoid dairy products that are likely to have been made from unboiled milk. Only eat well-cooked meat and fish, preferably served hot. Salad and mayonnaise may carry increased risk. Vegetables should be cooked and fruit peeled. • Amoebic and bacillary dysenteries occur. Hepatitis A and E occur and hepatitis B is highly endemic. Dengue fever, giardiasis, Japanese Encephalitis and Parityphoid can occur. Tuberculosis and diphtheria vaccinations are sometimes recommended. Bilharzia (schistosomiasis) is present in central Sulawesi. Avoid swimming and paddling in fresh water; swimming pools which are well chlorinated and maintained are safe. • Rabies is present. For those at high risk, vaccination before arrival should be considered. If you are bitten, seek medical advice without delay