Banana packaging


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This is a guideline for beginners those who are trainees in the field of Banana cultivation

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Banana packaging

  1. 1. BANANA PACKAGING M.M.PALITHA MAHINDA MUNASINGHE Farm Mechanical Instructor palithamahinda@yahoo.com05/10/2008 mmpmm 1
  2. 2. Harvesting • Green and begin ripening • Fruits are really roundish in shape • As soon as stem is cut from the plant05/10/2008 mmpmm 2
  3. 3. Harvesting• Banana heads are harvested at 12 to 14 weeks of age• Heads are cut into large, medium and small hands• The hands are washed in chlorinated water tanks05/10/2008 mmpmm 3
  4. 4. Stage 1 – Hard and Green This is how bananas are when freshly picked Stage 2 – Green with trace of yellow The maturing process has begun, however there is still some time before they are ready to eat Stage 3 – More yellow than green The ripening has begun in earnest and the fruit is now increasing its natural sugar content, the flesh is changing from the chalky hardness of under ripe fruit05/10/2008 mmpmm 4
  5. 5. Stage 4 - Yellow with Green hint That familiar creamy texture is developing now, and as the natural sugar content rises the fruit is getting ready for eating Stage 5 – All yellow with green tip on crown. Ready to eat! The fruit is sweet, creamy and on the firmer side. Even though it is yummy it still does not have its complete full sweet flavour Stage 6 – All yellow At the peak of freshness now, and delicious to eat. The fruit is also starting to soften as it ages heading towards its top sugar content Stage 7 - Yellow with brown “sugar spots” The sugar content is now at its peak, the flesh is perfect and has softened for easy mashing05/10/2008 and blendingmmpmm 5
  6. 6. Wash Divided Clusters And Remove Abnormal05/10/2008 mmpmm 6
  7. 7. Get A Good Clean Bath Before Being Dried• Washed Bunch are further broken into clusters• Clusters are packed in 40 Lb Carton Boxes with liners• Units of 3 Lb Packages in 40 Lb Standard 05/10/2008 mmpmm 7
  8. 8. Get A Good Clean Bath Before Being Dried• Carton Boxes (Fruit wt. 32 Lbs.)• Packed fruit leaves in trucks for seaport, loaded on ship either in containers (US) or pallets (UK)• Holding and Shipment temperatures are 58 F 05/10/2008 mmpmm 8
  9. 9. Cluster of Bananas wrapped in Plastic• Small hands pack consisting of 7, 8, or 9 hands in a 13 kilo box• Popular in countries with small consumer families such as Korea and China mmpmm05/10/2008 9
  10. 10. Regular Hands Pack (3, 4, 5 or 6 Hands in a Box)  Four, five, or six big banana hands in a 13 kilo box Ideal for importers whose customers are in the wholesale market  Popular in countries with big families such as the Middle East05/10/2008 mmpmm 10
  11. 11. Bananas cut into small clusters • Ideal for very small families who consume small quantities • Popular among tourist in Sri Lanka05/10/2008 mmpmm 11
  12. 12. Wrapped In Protective Plastic • Cluster pack is ideal for small families who prefer to consume small amounts of bananas only • Ideal for customers who are so particular of cosmetic appearance of the product • Popular in countries such mmpmm05/10/2008 as Japan 12
  13. 13. Wrapped In Protective Wax A bunch of All Good bananas freshly washed and dried Apply wax for protection05/10/2008 mmpmm 13
  14. 14. Without Wrapped After 3 or 4 days When Fresh05/10/2008 mmpmm 14
  15. 15. Banana PackageAfter 10 Days After 17 Days05/10/2008 mmpmm 15
  16. 16. Packaging • Demand for packaged fresh banana offerings is increasing • The major driving forces behind consumer packages are Reduction in customer-induced fruit abuse Reduced Shrink at supermarket level Convenience • However, currently used packaging does not extend marketable life of banana05/10/2008 mmpmm 16
  17. 17. Packaging • In addition, fruit wt/unit shipment space is significantly reduced by packaging • This translates to higher costs per unit wt:– Transportation Ripening Distribution Handling • Hence, value-added through quality improvement and shelf life extension is being viewed as a way to extract higher proportion of the customer’s price by banana supplying companies05/10/2008 mmpmm 17
  18. 18. Handling • Washed Hands are further broken into clusters Clusters are packed in 40 Lb Carton Boxes with Liners Units of 3 Lb Packages in 40 Lb Standard Carton Boxes (Fruit wt. 32 Lbs.) • Packed fruit leaves in trucks for seaport, loaded on ship either in containers (US) or pallets (UK) • Holding and Shipment temperatures are 58 F05/10/2008 mmpmm 18
  19. 19. Handling and Distribution • Fruit arrives in the distant markets in green state US: 5-9 Days UK: 10-14 Days • Shipped to supermarkets at CS 3.5 • Current yellow life is 2 to 3 days05/10/2008 mmpmm 19
  20. 20. Banana Package - CommercialTest AM PM05/10/2008 mmpmm 20
  21. 21. Tuck In For Their Trip Be Attention Fruit Ripened at  Distribution Chain of Independent Distributors  Supermarkets or Banana Companies05/10/2008 mmpmm 21