Prescription Drugs<br />By: Alejandra  Arevalo && Alyssa Richards<br />
Nearly 1.3 million Americans 12 and older abuse prescription drugs and require treatment for their problem, a new study co...
Here are some examples of prescription drugs and what they are used for…<br />
1. Opioids<br />       Examples: oxycodone (OxyContin), hydrocodone (Vicodin), and meperidine (Demerol)<br />       Medica...
2. Central Nervous System (CNS) Depressants<br />       Examples: pentobarbital sodium (Nembutal), diazepam (Valium), and ...
3. Stimulants<br />       Examples: methylphenidate (Ritalin) and amphetamine/dextroamphetamine (Adderall) <br />       Me...
Actor Heath Ledger (Joker On “Dark Night”) died from an accidental overdose of prescription drugs including painkillers, a...
Using prescription drugs for the wrong reasons has serious risks for a person&apos;s health. This risk is higher when pres...
Taking too much of a stimulant can lead a person to develop a dangerously high body temperature or an irregular heartbeat....
                   STREET TERMDEFINITIONS<br />Blue Crack : depressants<br />Hillbilly heroin :OxyContin <br />Pharming :C...
Find out more at…<br />http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/<br />http://kidshealth.org<br />http://www.prescription-drug-a...
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Alyssa R. Alejandra A. Prescription Drugs Period 8

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Alyssa R. Alejandra A. Prescription Drugs Period 8

  1. 1. Prescription Drugs<br />By: Alejandra Arevalo && Alyssa Richards<br />
  2. 2. Nearly 1.3 million Americans 12 and older abuse prescription drugs and require treatment for their problem, a new study concludes.<br />The number of young adults(ages 12 to 25) who were new abusers of prescription drugs grew from 400,000 in the mid-’80s to 2 million in 2000.<br />
  3. 3. Here are some examples of prescription drugs and what they are used for…<br />
  4. 4. 1. Opioids<br />       Examples: oxycodone (OxyContin), hydrocodone (Vicodin), and meperidine (Demerol)<br />       Medical uses: Opioids are used to treat pain or relieve coughs or diarrhea. <br />       How they work: Opioids attach to opioid receptors in the central nervous system (the brain and the spinal cord), preventing the brain from receiving pain messages. <br />
  5. 5. 2. Central Nervous System (CNS) Depressants<br />       Examples: pentobarbital sodium (Nembutal), diazepam (Valium), and alprazolam (Xanax) <br />       Medical uses: CNS depressants are used to treat anxiety, tension, panic attacks, and sleep disorders. <br />       How they work: CNS depressants slow down brain activity by increasing the activity of a neurotransmitter called GABA. The result is a drowsy or calming effect<br />
  6. 6. 3. Stimulants<br />       Examples: methylphenidate (Ritalin) and amphetamine/dextroamphetamine (Adderall) <br />       Medical uses: Stimulants can be used to treat narcolepsy and ADHD. <br />       How they work: Stimulants increase brain activity, resulting in greater alertness, attention, and energy. <br />
  7. 7. Actor Heath Ledger (Joker On “Dark Night”) died from an accidental overdose of prescription drugs including painkillers, anti-anxiety drugs, and sleeping pills. <br />Brittney Spears, Lindsay Lohan, and other “celebrities” have also been known to take these medications.  <br />
  8. 8. Using prescription drugs for the wrong reasons has serious risks for a person&apos;s health. This risk is higher when prescription drugs like opioids are taken with other substances like alcohol, antihistamines, and CNS depressants.<br />Stopping or reducing the drugs too quickly can lead to seizures. Taking CNS depressants with other medicationscan slow a person&apos;s heartbeat and breathing — and even kill.<br />
  9. 9. Taking too much of a stimulant can lead a person to develop a dangerously high body temperature or an irregular heartbeat. <br />Taking several high doses over a short period of time may make a drug abuser aggressive or paranoid. <br />The dangers of prescription drug abuse can be made even worse if people take drugs in a way they aren&apos;t supposed to. <br />
  10. 10. STREET TERMDEFINITIONS<br />Blue Crack : depressants<br />Hillbilly heroin :OxyContin <br />Pharming :Consuming a mixture of prescription substances <br />Pill ladies :Female senior citizens who sell Pills<br />Depressants,methaqualone : Ludes <br />Ritalin (methylphenidate): Vitamin R <br />
  11. 11. Find out more at…<br />http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/<br />http://kidshealth.org<br />http://www.prescription-drug-abuse.org/<br />http://www.justice.gov/<br />

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