• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
الهيئة الناظمة 2 ايلول
 

الهيئة الناظمة 2 ايلول

on

  • 204 views

a presentation by Captain michel moutran , traffic safety expert .Awareness campaign by Lebanese government .

a presentation by Captain michel moutran , traffic safety expert .Awareness campaign by Lebanese government .

Statistics

Views

Total Views
204
Views on SlideShare
204
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    الهيئة الناظمة 2 ايلول الهيئة الناظمة 2 ايلول Presentation Transcript

    • Distracted Driving Review of Current Needs, interventions and Potential Strategies –– 1
    • Plan of Presentation Introduction 1- The Burden of Distracted Driving on Road Crashes - 2-Definition ,sources , & types of distraction - - Effects of Communication Devices on Driving Skills - 4- Importance of Factors & Statistics in indicating the right Interventions - 5- Recommendations and Action Plans - 8/17/2013 2-
    • “Word of2009Distracted driving has received so much attention it was designated the (U.S.New World College Dictionaryby Webster’sthe Year” DOT, 2010). - 67 % development in Mobile Subscriptions Introduction
    • “Life is the time that we spend away from our smart-phones “ You can do almost everything on your smart phone 8/17/2013 - 4 Introduction Banking Trade Private Life
    • • In USA 16% (2008 ) and 26% (2012) • In Australia 14% (2008) and 23% (2011) • In New Zealand 10% in (2008) • In Netherlands 8.3% (2011) • In Canada 10.7% (2003–2007) • In Spain 37% (2008) • In India 35% (2010) • In Middle East ……? NO Reliable numbers ( Bias , Under-reporting, NO Funds, No Data collection…..etc…) 8/17/2013 5- High Income Countries Benchmarks - The Burden of distracted driving on Road Crashes
    • 8/17/2013 6- • Distraction is the diversion of attention away from activities critical for safe driving towards a competing activity. • Critical Activity Competing Activity (Safe Driving ) (Risk Exposure) 2-Definition,sources,&types of distraction Primary Task Secondary Task Driving Other Activities
    • 2-Definition,sources,&types of distraction • Tuning Radio • Mobile Phone • Eating Internal • Billboards • Watching peopleExternal 8/17/2013 - 7
    • 8/17/2013 - 8 Types of Distraction Visual Physical Auditory Cognitive Looking away from road for no-driving related reasons reflecting on a subject of conversation as a result of talking on the phone – rather than analyzing the road situation when the driver holds or operates a device rather than steering with both hands responding to a ringing mobile phone, or if a device is turned up so loud that it masks other sounds
    • 3- Effects of Communication Devices on Driving Skills - 9 Reduced driver Awareness Longer reaction times(Speed-Braking- Signals..etc) Shorter following distances Decrease in Visual perception ( 25-40% horizontally, and 40-60% vertically) Biological Limit (Less cortical brain tissue is able to respond when 2 cognitively complex tasks are performed-Workload) Disability to keep in the correct lane
    • 8/17/2013 10
    • 8/17/2013 - 11
    • 4- Importance of Factors in indicating the Interventions - 8/17/2013 - 12 The complexity of the distracting TASK AGE Diver’s EXPERIENCE SEX The Situation of the ROAD EX: Whatsapp application 1-The duration 2-The frequency RISK Taking EX: Teenagers 1- Less experienced 2- More attracted to Texting 3-More risk-takers See Appendix 1
    • 8/17/2013 - 13
    • 8/17/2013 - 14 EUAustraliaUS High Income Countries High Rates of Road Safety 60-70 % drivers report using a mobile phone at least sometimes while driving 75 % drivers report using a mobile phone (Spot Study, 6 Hrs Monitoring ) Lebanon (Chevrolet & Mar Michael Intersections) Saturday 17-8-2013 12 till18
    • 5- Recommendations and Action Plans • Collecting data to assess the magnitude of the problem. • Adopting and enforcing legislations (Appendix ) relating to mobile phone use. • Public awareness campaigns to emphasize the risk of the behavior.(Societal Perception ) • Technological solutions, for example, applications that detect when the phone is in a moving car and direct in- coming calls to a voice messaging service.(Industry) • Company policies that regulate employees’ use of mobile phones while driving. 8/17/2013 - 15
    • - - - - - - - - 8/17/2013 16-
    • Suggested Solutions • Road design Solutions : • 1-Warning features that alert the driver to sudden lane departures • Technological Solutions : • 1-Technologies that use vehicle sensors to estimate driver workload and divert mobile phones calls. • 2-Drivers can help avoid this by informing frequent callers that they will not participate in phone conversations while driving ( automatic message send to caller while driving – driving MODE) • 3-Wireless and voice recognition communications technologies in vehicles • Enforcement Solutions : • 1-That consistent enforcement of laws is the single most important effective strategy in changing behavior. Therefore, prevention strategies that may show the most promise are legislative and corporate policies, coupled with high-visibility enforcement and strict consequences. 8/17/2013 - 17
    • ----- ----- ----- 15
    • Example for applications 8/17/2013 - 19
    • 8/17/2013 - 20 -
    • 8/17/2013 - 21 -
    • How does it Work ? Once installed on an Android phone, Drive Save Mode continuously runs in the background as a service and recognizes when the phone travels faster than 10 mph using the Location Services setting. As the car’s speed is detected, the application automatically activates and freezes all services on the phone, rendering it useless for calling, texting, and surfing the web. Even if a teen closes the app, it still prevents all use of the device. And, if a teen tries to uninstall the application, parents are automatically notified via email.(GPS technology) 8/17/2013 - 22
    • Conclusion of the problem it canmodeandkindBecause of the not be controlled neither 100 percent evaluated. 8/17/2013 - 23
    • Long term overview 8/17/2013 - 24 Funds Money Budget Management Lead Agency Specialization
    • References • References may be downloaded from the following URL: http://www.who.int/violence_injury_preventi on/publications/road_traffic/distracted_drivin g/en/ index.html • Recarte & Nunes, 2000 • Just, et al 2001 • Reichmann Model • The new Lebanese traffic law 243/2012 8/17/2013 - 26
    • For more information Cpt. Michel Moutran Telephone : 00961-(3)-660120 Mail:moutranmichel@gmail.com 278/17/2013 -
    • Appendix 8/17/2013 - 28
    • Appendix 1 : Estimates on texting • A study in the United Kingdom found that 45% of drivers reported text messaging while driving . • • Australian research suggests that one in six drivers report regularly sending text messages while driving . • • A study in the United States found that 27% of American adults report having sent or read text messages while driving . • The proportion of drivers using text messaging while driving appears to be higher among young and/or inexperienced drivers: the Australian study (cited above) showed that 58% of drivers aged 17–29 years regularly read text messages while driving, and 37% sent text messages 8/17/2013 - 29
    • Appendix 2: Distracted driving and Drink Driving • Distracted driving is 6 times more dangerous as an incident than drink driving but the cumulative risks associated with intoxication are greater than those associated while driving with mobile phones (The duration of distraction ). 8/17/2013 - 30