When Worlds Collide By: Maria Moreno Professor Arguello History 33
In 1492, two worlds that for thousands of years had developed completely independent of one another suddenly came into contact.
According to the conventional narrative of the last five hundred years, before Columbus arrived the Americas were filled with primitive peoples who were easily conquered by a vastly superior European culture.
momentous step in 1492 in pursuit of religious unity: they ordered the Jews of Spain, some of whose ancestors had lived there for more than 700 years, to convert to Christianity or leave the country.
Columbus returned to Spain in March 1493 with word of his discoveries, New World commodities and treasure flowed across the ocean, forever altering life in Europe.
Gold and silver mined in the mountains of Mexico, Peru, and Bolivia provided an incredible stimulus to the European economy.
. Like many great powers throughout history, Isabella had to make the choice—God or gold? The choice Isabella made shaped Spain's legacy in the New World
Peru in 1539, the son of an Incan princess and a Spanish conquistador.
While this lineage made him part of the first generation of Mestizos born after the Spanish conquest, Garcilaso called himself "El Inca" in honor of his noble indigenous heritage.
In time, he would become the first American-born author
The fall of the Spanish Empire In 1556, at the age of 29, Philip II became the ruler of Spain, overseeing a realm that stretched from Europe to the Philippines, an empire on which the sun literally never set. An era was drawing to a close—one in which the kings of Spain believed that they had been chosen by God to rule the world. With the Armada's defeat, Spain would soon relinquish its role as the world's only superpower.