X Tech2007, Open Data, Licensing

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A 30 minute set of slides, building on the previous set from the LDOW 2007 panel. This was put together at XTech's request to fill a gap in the programme last-minute.

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X Tech2007, Open Data, Licensing

  1. 1. “ shared innovation Licensing Open Data Rob Styles Programme Manager, Data Services rob.styles@talis.com “ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License. (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/)
  2. 2. IANAL (I am not a lawyer)
  3. 3. Why?
  4. 4. Because…
  5. 5. http://www.flickr.com/photos/scottkinmartin/494529011/in/set-72157594572859127
  6. 6. http://www.flickr.com/photos/scottkinmartin/493505175/in/set-72157594572859127
  7. 7. http://www.flickr.com/photos/scottkinmartin/494450662/in/set-72157594572859127
  8. 8. “ Because I did not explicitly indicate a license, I declared an implicit copyright without explaining how others could use my code. Since the code is unlicensed, I could theoretically assert copyright at any time and demand that people stop using my code. http://www.codinghorror.com/blog/archives/000833.html
  9. 9. Because…
  10. 10. “ Utopian or Distopian service – does it depend who runs the service? Gavin Bell, What is your provenance? http://2007.xtech.org/public/schedule/detail/207
  11. 11. Poster for the 1932 film of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.
  12. 12. Licensing data to keep it open is more important than licensing it to keep it closed. CDDB became Gracenote. Ordnance Survey map data.
  13. 13. http://kscakes.com/LolCats/Detail.aspx/i-is-slapping-you-face-i-is-steeling-you-data/
  14. 14. Because…
  15. 15. “ In a competitive market where there are several competitors making similar products, a firm has no choice but to accept the market price. Bill Buxton, WWW2007 Keynote, The World Narrow Web
  16. 16. “ Effective price point is ultimately set by the lowest cost producer “ Even if producer’s business model, viewed on its own, is not viable “ Unviable producer, if it survives long enough, can drag down price points for those that do have otherwise viable models “ Especially potent in markets where the COGS are negligible “ Thus, with digital content the impact would be expected to be most visible Bill Buxton, WWW2007 Keynote, The World Narrow Web
  17. 17. http://www.flickr.com/photos/brassman/122236326/
  18. 18. How?
  19. 19. What?
  20. 20. What? • Content • Data • Metadata – Just the same as Data, for the purpose of licensing
  21. 21. Content • Creative works • Protected by Copyright • All Rights Reserved
  22. 22. Creative Commons • Extension of copyright law • Simple way of saying quot;Some Rights Reservedquot; • Code is special case for licensing, due to complexity of possible infringement • Use specialist licenses, GPL, LGPL, Apache, MIT, Berkeley
  23. 23. Copyright applies to • Computing and the internet • Photographs • TV and Films • Art • Written work • Music • Theatre • Spoken word “ http://www.ipo.gov.uk/copy.htm
  24. 24. Broadly, you can’t Copyright… • Facts • Things that are readily observable • Names, Titles, Short Phrases • Things that you didn’t create yourself – Yourself – In Employment – Under Contract
  25. 25. Data • Compilation Rights, Copyright – Anthologies, Compilation CDs – Creativity in the act of selecting – Copyright is in the selection, not the items selected. – Items selected retain their own rights. – Excludes databases simply sorted quot;alphabeticallyquot; – Excludes databases that try to be complete – Completeness is not a creative criteria
  26. 26. Data • Databases – Database Right in Europe – No US Equivalent, Feist Publications vs Rural Telecom – So called quot;sui generisquot;, quot;of the same typequot; – Also called quot;sweat-of-the-browquot; protection – Protects the investment made by the producer of the database – Only databases with a connection to EU or EEA get protection
  27. 27. “ You can't use a license based on a right you don't have Wendy Seltzer, WWW2007, Banff (while in the bar)
  28. 28. Talis Community License • Trying to provide simplicity with TCL • Equivalent to a “Database Commons” • Prevents data from being locked away • http://www.talis.com/tdn/tcl
  29. 29. Further Reading Digital copyright : law and practice, Simon Stokes – http://cenote.talis.com/isbn/1841135143 Charlotte Waelde – http://edina.ac.uk/projects/grade/ gradeDigitalRightsIssues.pdf
  30. 30. What next? • http://www.talis.com/tdn/forum/81 • http://www.talis.com/tdn/tcl • Check the sites you run • Check the sites you contribute to
  31. 31. “ shared innovation Licensing Open Data Rob Styles Programme Manager, Data Services rob.styles@talis.com “ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License. (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/)

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