Unit 2
History of Our
   Country
  The Search for Freedom
Key Information for Unit 2
• Unit 2 is about Freedom.You will learn the answers
  to these questions:
 • Where were the 13...
Chapter 4
Life in the 13 Colonies,
       1650-1750
Vocabulary for Chapter 4

       • treaty
       • rural
       • plantation
       • frontier
       • settler
Life in the 13 Colonies


• Discussion Questions:
 • How did American Indians and Colonists get
    along?
• Vocabulary fo...
13 Colonies
Who ruled ALL 13 colonies?
The small English
 settlements in
  Virginia and
 Massachusetts
  were only a
   beginning.
By the middle of the
1700s, there were 13
                        13
   separate English
 colonies in America.
All the colonies were
ruled by Great Britain.
Most colonists
            were farmers.

They grew their
 own food and
made their own
    clothes.
Colonists learned to live with
  nearby American Indians.
William Penn was a colonist
 who made a treaty with
     American Indians.
A treaty is a
   written
 agreement.
Penn paid them for their
land and always treated
      them fairly.
New England
 Middle Colonies
Southern Colonies


       QUESTION:
Were all colonists the same?

 How were they different?
New England Colonies
       In 1750 there were four
       colonies in New England.




        New England is in the
    ...
These colonies
     were
Massachusetts,
 Connecticut ,
Rhode Island,
   and New
  Hampshire.
The biggest city in New
  England was Boston,
    Massachusetts.
It was a pretty town of brick
houses and neat flower gardens.
There were several schools
 and churches in Boston.
Much of the land in New England was
 rocky and poor. Farming was hard.
How do you think New
Englanders made their living?




 How did they earn money?
Off the coast of New
England, the ocean waters
  were filled with fish.
Many New Englanders made
their living from the ocean.
They fished, and they built
            ships.
What if you were walking around this harbor?




  You would see many sailors working.
 You would smell fish drying in the ...
Fish were caught by hand
       and in nets.
The fish were cleaned.
Some fish were smoked.
Other fish were dried with salt.
Finally the fish were shipped
    to Europe to be sold.
The
 Middle
Colonies
Look at the map on
      page 38.
What are the names of
 the middle colonies?
The middle colonies had
    rich farmlands.
They also had forests full of a
 small animal called a beaver.




    The beaver was very
         important.
In Europe, beaver hats
     were popular.
Fur trappers and traders
became rich selling beaver
  fur to people in Europe
Why was William Penn
    Important?
William Penn started the
  colony Pennsylvania.
He said there was to be
freedom of religion for all.
Who did William Penn think
could vote in Pennsylvania?
All men who owned land
 has the right to vote.
Anyone accused of a
crime could have a fair
   trial with a jury.
People came to Pennsylvania
   from all over Europe.
Pennsylvania became a place
where many different people
  lived together in peace.
By 1750, Philadelphia,
was the biggest city in
 the Middle colonies.
A visitor from England thought,
   “there was almost 2,000
    beautiful brick houses.”
New York Colony



  Why did only a few
people live in New York?
The colony of New York
             grew more slowly.



In New York, a few
 rich people owned
 much of the land.
Workers who lived there
could not own the land.




So people did not want to
   settle in New York.
The Southern
  Colonies

       vocabulary in this
           section:
      plantation
The
 Southern
 Colonies
  Maryland
   Virginia
North Carolina
South Carolina
   Georgia
What was the most
important crop grown on
  Southern plantations?
In 1750, the big city was
Charleston, South Carolina.
Charleston had some most of the
  finest homes in the colonies.
Silk and fine china came to Charleston
    harbor from all over the world.
The Southern colonies
were the most rural.
A rural area is one with
  many farms and few
    towns or cities.
In the South, large farms
 were called plantations.
A plantation was like a town.
What did plantations have?
Plantations had a
vegetable garden
and a flour mill.
Blacksmiths worked on
      plantations.
Weavers worked on
   plantations.
Shoemakers worked on
     plantations.
The main crops were tobacco and rice.
Tobacco and rice were
sold in Northern cities
and around the world.
Why were plantations built
     near water?
Often plantations were
   built on a river or
waterway so goods could
    travel by water.
Plantations needed
  many workers.
Most colonists wanted their
own farms and could buy land
cheaply in the western parts
       of the colonies.
Who worked on plantations?
Plantation owners had
slaves to work the land.
Where were slaves from?
The slaves had been kidnapped
from their homes in Africa and
 brought on ships to America.
How were slaves treated?
Here they were bought and
sold like pieces of property.
By 1750, slaves made up
 one fourth (1/4) of the
population in the South.
On the
      Frontier

Vocabulary for this section:

    frontier
     settler
What was the frontier?
The western
edge of the 13
 colonies was
 know as the
   frontier.
Sometimes small farms
there were just cleared
  places in the woods
(page 41) Look at the trees. After the
 trees were cut down what did people
            do with them?
Life was hard for frontier settlers.
Settlers are people who
go to live in a new place.
They grew crops like
wheat, potatoes, and squash
They hunted for deer
     and bear.
They made most of the
   things they needed.




They made their own tools.
They baked bread,
made jam, spun cloth.
Chapter 5 Preview

  The Road to Freedom

    French and Indian War

    The Boston Massacre

    The Boston Tea Party

  ...
History of Our Country Chapter 4
History of Our Country Chapter 4
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  • History of Our Country Chapter 4

    1. 1. Unit 2 History of Our Country The Search for Freedom
    2. 2. Key Information for Unit 2 • Unit 2 is about Freedom.You will learn the answers to these questions: • Where were the 13 colonies? • Why did the colonists want freedom from Great Britain? • What happened before they got their freedom?
    3. 3. Chapter 4 Life in the 13 Colonies, 1650-1750
    4. 4. Vocabulary for Chapter 4 • treaty • rural • plantation • frontier • settler
    5. 5. Life in the 13 Colonies • Discussion Questions: • How did American Indians and Colonists get along? • Vocabulary for this section: •treaty
    6. 6. 13 Colonies Who ruled ALL 13 colonies?
    7. 7. The small English settlements in Virginia and Massachusetts were only a beginning.
    8. 8. By the middle of the 1700s, there were 13 13 separate English colonies in America.
    9. 9. All the colonies were ruled by Great Britain.
    10. 10. Most colonists were farmers. They grew their own food and made their own clothes.
    11. 11. Colonists learned to live with nearby American Indians.
    12. 12. William Penn was a colonist who made a treaty with American Indians.
    13. 13. A treaty is a written agreement.
    14. 14. Penn paid them for their land and always treated them fairly.
    15. 15. New England Middle Colonies Southern Colonies QUESTION: Were all colonists the same? How were they different?
    16. 16. New England Colonies In 1750 there were four colonies in New England. New England is in the northeast region of the United States.
    17. 17. These colonies were Massachusetts, Connecticut , Rhode Island, and New Hampshire.
    18. 18. The biggest city in New England was Boston, Massachusetts.
    19. 19. It was a pretty town of brick houses and neat flower gardens.
    20. 20. There were several schools and churches in Boston.
    21. 21. Much of the land in New England was rocky and poor. Farming was hard.
    22. 22. How do you think New Englanders made their living? How did they earn money?
    23. 23. Off the coast of New England, the ocean waters were filled with fish.
    24. 24. Many New Englanders made their living from the ocean. They fished, and they built ships.
    25. 25. What if you were walking around this harbor? You would see many sailors working. You would smell fish drying in the air.
    26. 26. Fish were caught by hand and in nets.
    27. 27. The fish were cleaned.
    28. 28. Some fish were smoked.
    29. 29. Other fish were dried with salt.
    30. 30. Finally the fish were shipped to Europe to be sold.
    31. 31. The Middle Colonies
    32. 32. Look at the map on page 38. What are the names of the middle colonies?
    33. 33. The middle colonies had rich farmlands.
    34. 34. They also had forests full of a small animal called a beaver. The beaver was very important.
    35. 35. In Europe, beaver hats were popular.
    36. 36. Fur trappers and traders became rich selling beaver fur to people in Europe
    37. 37. Why was William Penn Important?
    38. 38. William Penn started the colony Pennsylvania.
    39. 39. He said there was to be freedom of religion for all.
    40. 40. Who did William Penn think could vote in Pennsylvania?
    41. 41. All men who owned land has the right to vote.
    42. 42. Anyone accused of a crime could have a fair trial with a jury.
    43. 43. People came to Pennsylvania from all over Europe.
    44. 44. Pennsylvania became a place where many different people lived together in peace.
    45. 45. By 1750, Philadelphia, was the biggest city in the Middle colonies.
    46. 46. A visitor from England thought, “there was almost 2,000 beautiful brick houses.”
    47. 47. New York Colony Why did only a few people live in New York?
    48. 48. The colony of New York grew more slowly. In New York, a few rich people owned much of the land.
    49. 49. Workers who lived there could not own the land. So people did not want to settle in New York.
    50. 50. The Southern Colonies vocabulary in this section: plantation
    51. 51. The Southern Colonies Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia
    52. 52. What was the most important crop grown on Southern plantations?
    53. 53. In 1750, the big city was Charleston, South Carolina.
    54. 54. Charleston had some most of the finest homes in the colonies.
    55. 55. Silk and fine china came to Charleston harbor from all over the world.
    56. 56. The Southern colonies were the most rural.
    57. 57. A rural area is one with many farms and few towns or cities.
    58. 58. In the South, large farms were called plantations.
    59. 59. A plantation was like a town.
    60. 60. What did plantations have?
    61. 61. Plantations had a vegetable garden and a flour mill.
    62. 62. Blacksmiths worked on plantations.
    63. 63. Weavers worked on plantations.
    64. 64. Shoemakers worked on plantations.
    65. 65. The main crops were tobacco and rice.
    66. 66. Tobacco and rice were sold in Northern cities and around the world.
    67. 67. Why were plantations built near water?
    68. 68. Often plantations were built on a river or waterway so goods could travel by water.
    69. 69. Plantations needed many workers.
    70. 70. Most colonists wanted their own farms and could buy land cheaply in the western parts of the colonies.
    71. 71. Who worked on plantations?
    72. 72. Plantation owners had slaves to work the land.
    73. 73. Where were slaves from?
    74. 74. The slaves had been kidnapped from their homes in Africa and brought on ships to America.
    75. 75. How were slaves treated?
    76. 76. Here they were bought and sold like pieces of property.
    77. 77. By 1750, slaves made up one fourth (1/4) of the population in the South.
    78. 78. On the Frontier Vocabulary for this section: frontier settler
    79. 79. What was the frontier?
    80. 80. The western edge of the 13 colonies was know as the frontier.
    81. 81. Sometimes small farms there were just cleared places in the woods
    82. 82. (page 41) Look at the trees. After the trees were cut down what did people do with them?
    83. 83. Life was hard for frontier settlers.
    84. 84. Settlers are people who go to live in a new place.
    85. 85. They grew crops like wheat, potatoes, and squash
    86. 86. They hunted for deer and bear.
    87. 87. They made most of the things they needed. They made their own tools.
    88. 88. They baked bread, made jam, spun cloth.
    89. 89. Chapter 5 Preview The Road to Freedom French and Indian War The Boston Massacre The Boston Tea Party Independence WAR?

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