Intellectual Freedom Fin


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Presentation about Intellectual Freedom
Presentation given to Dr. Jordan's Collection Development Class
December 7th 2009

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  • Caveat– Inside Google… The 4 th Amendment does not pertain to data.
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  • Intellectual Freedom Fin

    1. 1. Intellectual Freedom Melinda M. Livas Information Fluency Librarian Everett Library Queens University of Charlotte
    2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>What is Intellectual Freedom? </li></ul><ul><li>Two Amendments commonly questioned pertaining to Intellectual Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual Freedom & Various Libraries: Academic, Public, School Media Centers, State Libraries & Federal Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Banned Books Week: the purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Most challenged books of the 21 st century and why they were banned </li></ul>
    3. 3. What is Intellectual Freedom? <ul><li>Intellectual Freedom protects the free flow of ideas and information </li></ul><ul><li>“… based on fundamental belief that the health of a society is maintained and improved when ideas can be created and disseminated without governmental, political, or social impediment.” ( Foundations of Library Information Science , 2 nd ed., Richard Rubin, p184) </li></ul><ul><li>Two core conditions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every individual has the right to hold a belief on any subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society should make an equal commitment to the right of unhindered access </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><ul><li>Common reasons for requesting removal of an item: sexual content, graphic depictions of violence, offensive language, and material unsuited for specific age groups </li></ul></ul>Intellectual Freedom Challenges
    5. 5. First Amendment U.S. Constitution Bill of Rights Freedom of Religion, Press, Expression “ Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.” The right to know, receive, not receive and access information. ( U.S. Constitution Online)
    6. 6. Fourth Amendment U.S. Constitution Bill of Rights Guards against unreasonable searchers and seizures “ The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.” The right to privacy. ( U.S. Constitution Online)
    7. 7. Academic Libraries <ul><li>PURPOSE- support institution’s instruction </li></ul><ul><li>and research programs. </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual Freedom issues: The FBI? </li></ul><ul><li>reference interviews </li></ul><ul><li>purchasing politically incorrect materials- </li></ul><ul><li>First Amendment-crucial for publicly supported colleges & universities . (First Amendment really does not assist privately supported higher education institutions.) </li></ul><ul><li>American Association of University Professors-(AAUP) serves as a backup when dealing with First Amendment challenges at private libraries. </li></ul>University of California, Hastings College of Law Library, San Francisco
    8. 8. Public Libraries <ul><li>PURPOSE- provide access to information to all people regardless of subject matter. </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual Freedom issues: </li></ul><ul><li>complaints about collection materials </li></ul><ul><li>offensive public meeting displays </li></ul><ul><li>political agendas- supporters wanting to eliminate material with opposing views </li></ul><ul><li>User confidentiality and privacy should be protected </li></ul>Seattle’s downtown public library
    9. 9. School Media Center <ul><li>PURPOSE- promotes intellectual freedom. (first library many children and young adults are exposed to) </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual Freedom issues: </li></ul><ul><li>Materials challenged are primarily books and magazines. (challenged material removed 75% of the time- Intellectual Freedom Manual, 2006 ) </li></ul>Campbell Middle School Media Center, Smyrna, GA
    10. 10. North Carolina State Library <ul><li>PURPOSE- promotes library development, serves state government and residents of state. Maintains a collection pertaining to government research. </li></ul><ul><li>Fosters free exchange of information and ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes local libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual Freedom issues: </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to public libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Strongly supports Intellectual Freedom </li></ul>
    11. 11. Federal Library Armed Forces Medical Library National Agriculture Library <ul><li>PURPOSE- mission usually dictated by supporting agency; information offered is exceptionally specialized </li></ul><ul><li>US Federal Government Libraries </li></ul>US Library of Congress
    12. 12. Banned Books Week: The Purpose- Celebrating the Freedom to Read <ul><li>September 25−October 2, 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Banned Books Week (BBW) -annual event celebrating the freedom to read and the importance of the First Amendment.  </li></ul><ul><li>Held during the last week of September </li></ul><ul><li>Showcases the importance of free and open access </li></ul><ul><li>Highlights the danger of censorship by spotlighting actual or attempted bannings of books across the United States. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Most Challenged 21 st Century Books- & Why they were Banned <ul><li>Alice’s Adventure in Wonderland- Lewis Carroll. Banned in China, 1931. Portrayal of anthropomorphized animals on the same level as humans. </li></ul><ul><li>The Da Vinci Code- Dan Brown. Banned in Lebanon, 2003. Catholic leaders thought it was offensive to Christianity. </li></ul><ul><li>Little House on the Prairie- Laura Ingalls Wilder. Banned in elementary school classrooms, in Thibodaux, La 1993. Statements considered offensive about Native Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>Harry Potter- J.K.Rowling. Banned in 1997. Content about witchcraft thought to be offensive. </li></ul><ul><li>Uncle Bobby's Wedding- Sarah S. Brannen. 2008. Homosexuality and material unsuited to age group. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Banned by the Numbers 1990-2000 Number of Challenges Reason for Challenge Up since 1999 1607 Sexually explicit 161 1427 Offensive language 165 1256 Unsuited to Age group 89 842 Satanism 69 737 Violent content 107 515 Homosexuality Content 18 419 Promoting a religious viewpoint 22 267 Racism 22
    15. 15. What Librarians should know about Intellectual Freedom <ul><li>Help is out there!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Library Bill of Rights- The American Library Association affirms that all libraries are forums for information and ideas, and that the following basic policies should guide their services. </li></ul><ul><li>American Association of University Professors-(AAUP) </li></ul><ul><li>Banned Books: 2007 Resource Guide Robert P. Doyle </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual Freedom Manual </li></ul>