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Ansc3305slides2013
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Ansc3305slides2013

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AnSc 3305 Library lab session slides

AnSc 3305 Library lab session slides

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  • 1. AnSc3305: Library Resources and Services Megan Kocher, Fall 2013
  • 2. Who am I? Megan Kocher • Librarian for 3 departments: – Food Science and Nutrition – Animal Science – Soil, Water, and Climate • mkocher@umn.edu • 612-625-3605
  • 3. Agenda • • • • • Library website Keywords Review articles vs research articles Searching databases Citations and plagiarism
  • 4. www.lib.umn.edu
  • 5. Brainstorming Keywords Effects of Maternal cholesterol Maternal Prenatal Fetal dev. cholesterol Effects of bacon On fetal development Bacon Swine Hog development
  • 6. Suggested Topics • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Role of leptin in the onset of puberty in humans Neuroendocrine regulation of induced ovulation Modulation of implantation by the immune system Sex reversal in mammals Selection of the dominant follicle in livestock Infectious causes of embryonic mortality in livestock Regulation of reproductive aging American Eugenics : the dangers of selective breeding The oogonia ‘stem cell’ OR Is a female really born with a finite number of eggs ? International decline in male fertility Xenotransplantation: the new market for animal cloning and transgenesis Natural cloning in animal Interested in disease processes ?? – consider checking primary literature on Kallman’s syndrome or other pathologies we have discussed Endocrine disruptors Sex chromosome evolution (e.g. marsupials vs. other mammals) Surrogacy and human infertility Long-term physiological effects of infertility methods on offspring (i.e. IVF, ICSI, etc.)
  • 7. Review Articles vs. Research Articles
  • 8. Research Articles Research articles in the sciences are generally reports of experiments or other forms of analysis. They introduce the topic, explain how the work was done, what resulted, and how that results might be interpreted. Research articles are considered primary sources because they contain the original research information and/or data.
  • 9. Parts of a Research Article • • • • • • Introduction Materials and Methods Results Discussion Conclusions Bibliography or Literature Cited or References
  • 10. Review Articles Review articles are generally written by experts in the fields, and they provide an overview of a topic. They are often referred to as secondary literature, since they do not directly report on an experiment or other new idea.
  • 11. What do Review Articles Do? • Provide background • Include a bibliography of the primary research literature • Help you identify a narrower area of interest
  • 12. Searching for Articles
  • 13. Search Tips • Combine ideas or sets with AND – Using "AND" is a form of Boolean Searching (and, or, not). – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Oa66AxTbjxA&feature=youtu. be&t=3m19s • Use the subject terms the database provides, to be comprehensive • Use a wildcard (*) to get words with various endings – forest* (= forest, forests, forestry, forester) – signal* – father*
  • 14. Searching For Research Articles • • • • • Google Scholar PubMed Medline CAB Abstracts Scopus
  • 15. Searching For Review Articles • • • • • Google Scholar PubMed Medline CAB Abstracts Scopus
  • 16. Activity Find 1 review article or 1 research article on your topic. • Be prepared to report back: – What search terms did you use? • Did you revise your terms after searching • What databases did you use? – What article did you find? • How can you tell whether it is research or review?
  • 17. Citing Sources & Avoiding Plagiarism
  • 18. Why do we cite our sources? • http://youtu.be/2q0NlWcTq1Y • "Citations allow researchers to find, read, and comment on each others' sources.“ • "Writers also cite their sources to avoid plagiarism." * *From "Citations Online Tutorial" found at http://www.lib.umn.edu/research/instruction/modules/lsamp-citations2/
  • 19. University of Minnesota Definition of Plagiarism Plagiarism shall mean representing the words, creative work, or ideas of another person as one's own without providing proper documentation of source.
  • 20. Examples • Copying information word for word from a source without using quotation marks and giving proper acknowledgement by way of footnote, endnote, or in-text citation; • Representing the words, ideas, or data of another person as one's own without providing proper attribution to the author through quotation, reference, in-text citation, or footnote; • Producing, without proper attribution, any form of work originated by another person, such as a musical phrase, a proof, a speech, an image, experimental data, laboratory report, graphic design or computer code; • Paraphrasing, without sufficient acknowledgment, ideas taken from another person that the reader might reasonably mistake as the author's. • Borrowing various words, ideas, phrases, or data from original sources and blending them with one's own without acknowledging the sources.
  • 21. How to use other people’s words and ideas Summarizing Paraphrasing • Text is much shorter than original • Must use your own words • Must cite original source • Text may be shorter or longer than original • Must use your own words • Must cite original source Quoting • Text is exact length of original. • Uses original author’s exact words • Uses quotation marks or block quotes • Includes page number • Must cite original source
  • 22. Exercise Original quotation: "Roosevelt first used the term Square Deal following the settlement of a mining strike in 1902 to describe the ideal of peaceful coexistence between big business and labour unions. The Square Deal concept was later largely incorporated into the platform of the Progressive Party, when Roosevelt was its presidential candidate in 1912" (Britannica, p. 184).
  • 23. Example 1 Paraphrase: Roosevelt invented THE TERM SQUARE DEAL after the MINING STRIKE IN 1902 was settled TO DESCRIBE THE IDEAL OF PEACEFUL cooperation BETWEEN BIG BUSINESS AND LABOR UNIONS. THE SQUARE DEAL CONCEPT WAS LATER LARGELY worked INTO THE PLATFORM OF THE PROGRESSIVE PARTY, WHEN ROOSEVELT WAS ITS PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE IN 1912. Is it plagiarism? Why? • Substituting new words, and changing a few words around in the sentences doesn't make it a paraphrase! • The structure of the two sentences is virtually identical. • There is no citation (Britannica, p.184) at the end of the paraphrase, pointing out the source of the information. YES!
  • 24. Example 2 Paraphrase: Roosevelt first used the term Square Deal to describe the ideal of peaceful coexistence between big business and labor unions, although it was later largely incorporated into the platform of the Progressive Party, when Roosevelt was its presidential candidate in 1912 (Britannica, p. 184). Is it plagiarism? Why? • Omitting a few words from the sentences doesn’t make it a paraphrase! • The structure of the paraphrase is still almost identical to that of the original quotation. • OK—at least this person used a citation at the end of the “paraphrase”! YES!
  • 25. Example 3 Paraphrase: Although originally used in reference to relationships between companies and labor unions, the Square Deal ultimately became a component of the Progressive party platform in 1912. Is it plagiarism? YES! Why? •The author did not cite the original source.
  • 26. Example 4 Paraphrase: Although originally used in reference to relationships between companies and labor unions, the Square Deal ultimately became a component of the Progressive party platform in 1912 (Britannica, p. 184). Is it plagiarism? No! Why? • Summarized in author’s own words. • Cites source
  • 27. APA Style Guide • https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resourc e/560/01/
  • 28. Citations in Google Scholar
  • 29. Citation Managers
  • 30. Image Credits Ninja power-up, CC BY-SA Marijn de Vries Hoogerwerff , Flickr Epic battle, CC BY-NC-ND, Roger Mateo Poquet, Flickr Dig for victory, University of Minnesota Archives Bibliography, CC BY-NC, papertrix, Flickr

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