The Columbian Exchange
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The Columbian Exchange



The Columbian Exchange

The Columbian Exchange



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The Columbian Exchange The Columbian Exchange Presentation Transcript

  • The Columbian Exchange
  • The introduction of beasts of burden to the Americas was a significant development from the Columbian Exchange. The introduction of the horse provided people in the Americas with a new source of labor and transportation.
    • Explorers created contact between Europe and Americas.
    • Interaction with Native Americans led to big cultural changes.
    • Contact between the two groups led to the exchange of plants, animals, and disease—the Columbian Exchange .
    The Columbian Exchange
    • Plants, animals developed in very different ways in hemispheres
    • Europeans —no potatoes, corn, sweet potatoes, turkeys
    • People in Americas—no coffee, oranges, rice, wheat, sheep, cattle
    The Exchange of Goods
    • Arrival of Europeans in Americas changed all this
    • Previously unknown foods taken back to Europe
    • Familiar foods brought to Americas by colonists
    Sharing Discoveries
    • Different Foods
    • Exchange of foods, animals had dramatic impact on later societies
    • Over time crops native to Americas became staples in diets of Europeans
    • Foods provided nutrition, helped people live longer
    • Italian Food Without Tomatoes?
    • Until contact with Americas, Europeans had never tried tomatoes
    • Most Europeans thought tomatoes poisonous
    • By late 1600s, tomatoes had begun to be included in Italian cookbooks
    • Economics and Gastronomics
    • Activities like Texas cattle ranching, Brazilian coffee growing not possible without Columbian Exchange; cows, coffee native to Old World
    • Traditional cuisines changed because of Columbian Exchange
    Effects of the Columbian Exchange
    • Effects of Columbian Exchange felt not only in Europe, Americas
    • China
      • Arrival of easy-to-grow, nutritious corn helped population grow tremendously
      • Also a main consumer of silver mined in Americas
    • Africa
      • Two native crops of Americas—corn, peanuts—still among most widely grown
    • Scholars estimate one-third of all food crops grown in world are of American origin
    • Devastating Impact
    • Native American population continued to decline for centuries
    • Inca Empire decreased from 13 million in 1492 to 2 million in 1600
    • North American population fell from 2 million in 1492 to 500,000 in 1900—but disease not only factor in decrease of population
    • Intermittent warfare, other violence also contributed
    • The Introduction of New Diseases
    • Native Americans had no natural resistance to European diseases
    • Smallpox, measles, influenza, malaria killed millions
    • Population of central Mexico may have decreased by more than 30 percent in the 10 years following first contact with Europeans