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Liberal Democracy by Muhammad Muinul Islam
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Liberal Democracy by Muhammad Muinul Islam

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  • BNP, Awami League, Jamaat
  • Education Policy of Bangladesh, Oil-Gas Pact etc.
  • Now Majority of the country.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Liberal Democracy: Definition and Major Variants Prepared by: Muhammad Muinul Islam Department of Public Administration Jahangirnagar University [email_address]
    • 2.
      • Democracy has many forms from ancient times to present.
      Introduction
    • 3.
      • The idea of democracy is shaped in different times in different forms which are sometimes overlapping .
      Introduction
    • 4. Examples Democracy Direct Democracy Madisonian Democracy Majoritarian Democracy Representative Democracy Liberal Democracy
    • 5. What is Democracy?
      • Rule by the people
      • Popular sovereignty,
      • Majority rule, and
      • Political equality.
    • 6. What is Liberal Democracy?
      • Two terms: Two related features of political System –
      • Responsiveness of the wishes of citizen.
      • The wishes of the majority are not to override all the political or civil rights of the minorities .
    • 7. What is Liberal Democracy?
      • Competitive political system
    • 8.
      • Freedom of speech, press and assembly
    • 9.
      • Expression of preferences or capacity to bargain
      • in policy
    • 10. Definition
      • “ A democracy in which majoritarian decisions (from direct or representative processes) prevail in many policy areas, subject to the restriction that those decisions may not breach individuals' liberties and rights , as spelled out in a constitution .”
    • 11. Examples of Liberal Democracy
      • USA
      • France
      • Switzerland
    • 12. A Brief Overview
      • 1902 – 48 Nations – 9 Liberal democracies
      • 1 st World War – 65 Nations – 22 Liberal democracies
      • 1985 – 30% of World regimes.
    • 13. Major Variants - One
      • Constitutional Organization: Decision Rules
      • How laws must be made
      • Degree of inclusiveness
      • Majoritarian form
    • 14. Major Variants - Two
      • Constitutional Organization: Election Rules
      • Two Party System
      • Principle of ‘first past the post’ election rule
    • 15. Major Variants - Three
      • Competitive Party System: Critical Linkage
    • 16. Major Variants - Four
      • Interest Group System
    • 17. Citizen Participation in Liberal Democray
      • Voting Participation
    • 18.
      • Campaign and Communal Participation
    • 19.
      • Interest Groups
    • 20. Points to Learn
      • What is Liberal Democracy?
      • What is the differences between democracy and liberal democracy?
      • What are the major variants of liberal democracy?
      • Analyze major variants of democracy in the context of Bangladesh.
      • Is liberal democracy a threat to development of a nation?
    • 21.
      • Thank you!