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Predavanje "U potrazi za Bozijom cesticom"

Predavanje "U potrazi za Bozijom cesticom"

Odrzano 22. novembra 2008. godine u Vrscu, na VIII Vrsackim astronomskim susretima.

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U potrazi za Bozijom cesticom U potrazi za Bozijom cesticom Presentation Transcript

  • U potrazi za Božijom česticom Milan Milošević Milošević Astronomsko društvo ALFA – Niš društvo Niš Vršac, 22. 11. 2008
  • Credits: http://www.ipp.phys.ethz.ch/
  • Credits: http://www.ipp.phys.ethz.ch/
  • Lagranžijan standardnog modela Credits: T.D. Gutierrez http://nuclear.ucdavis.edu/~tgutierr
  • Credits: http://www.particleadventure.org/
  • Credits: http://www.valdostamuseum.org/hamsmith/cosm.html
  • Linearni akceleratori Credit: TESLA, Hamburg, Nemačka http://www.desy.de
  • • SAD: – TEVATRON (Batavia, Illinois) – SLC (SLAC, Stanford, California) – RHIC (Brookhaven, NY) • EVROPA: - – LEP, SPS (LHC) (CERN, Geneve) – HERA (DESY, Hamburg) • AZIJA: – TRISTAN (KEK, Tokyo, Japan) – BEPC (Peking, China)
  • (C) Maximilien Brice, CERN
  • (C) Maximilien Brice, CERN
  • Malo brojeva: Sudar Energija Luminoznost [cm-2s-1] LEP e+ - e- 200 GeV 1032 p-p 14 TeV 1034 LHC Pb - Pb 1312 TeV 1027 • Temperatura: 1.8K • Dužina: 27 km • 1300 magneta (~ 13 metara, ukupno 24 kilometara) • Struja: 6500 – 9000 A • Magnetno polje: 8.5 T
  • Detektori • ATLAS (A Toroidal LHC AparaturuS) • CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid) • ALICE (A Large Ion Colider) • LHCb (Large Hadron Collider beauty) • TOTEM (TOTal Elastic and diffractive cross section Measurement) • LHCf (Large Hadron Collider forward)
  • • Size: 46 m long, 25 m high and 25 m wide. The ATLAS detector is the largest volume particle detector ever constructed. • Weight: 7000 tones Credits: http://public.web.cern.ch • Design: barrel plus end caps ATLAS • Location: Meyrin, Switzerland.
  • Installation of the Beam Pipe in the ATLAS cavern (Maximilien Brice, © CERN)
  • View of the ATLAS detector during July 2007 (Claudia Marcelloni, © CERN)
  • Lowering of one of the two ATLAS muon small wheels into the cavern. (Claudia Marcelloni, © CERN)
  • View of the ATLAS cavern side A beginning of February 2008, before lowering of the Muon Small Wheels (Maximilien Brice; Claudia Marcelloni, © CERN)
  • • Size: 21 m long, 15 m wide and 15 m high. • Weight: 12 500 tones • Design: barrel plus end caps • Location: Cessy, France. Credits: http://public.web.cern.ch CMS
  • View of the CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid) experiment Tracker Outer Barrel (TOB) in the cleaning room. (Maximilien Brice, © CERN)
  • Insertion of the tracker in the heart of the CMS detector. (Maximilien Brice, © CERN)
  • • Size: 26 m long, 16 m high, 16 m wide • Weight: 10 000 tones • Design: central barrel plus single arm forward muon spectrometer Credits: http://public.web.cern.ch • Location: St Genis- ALICE Pouilly, France.
  • • Size: 21m long, 10m high and 13m wide • Weight: 5600 tones • Design: forward spectrometer with planar detectors • Location: Ferney- Voltaire, France. LHCb
  • Nobelova nagrada 2008 Yoichiro Nambu Makoto Kobayashi Toshihide Maskawa 1/2 of the prize 1/4 of the prize 1/4 of the prize USA Japan Japan Kyoto Sangyo University; Enrico Fermi Institute, University High Energy Accelerator Research Yukawa Institute for Theoretical of Chicago Organization (KEK) Physics (YITP), Kyoto University Chicago, IL, USA Tsukuba, Japan Kyoto, Japan b. 1921 b. 1944 b. 1940 (in Tokyo, Japan)
  • TOTEM detector Size: 440 m long, 5 m high and 5 m wide Weight: 20 tonnes Design: Roman pot and GEM detectors and cathode strip chambers Location: Cessy, France (near CMS) LHCf detector Size: two detectors, each measures 30 cm long, 80 cm high, 10 cm wide Weight: 40 kg each Design: Location: Meyrin, Switzerland (near ATLAS)
  • Zašto?
  • (credit: CERN & Alan Walker/AFP/Getty Images)
  • Lagranžijan standardnog modela Credits: T.D. Gutierrez http://nuclear.ucdavis.edu/~tgutierr
  • CERN danas?
  • Credits: http://lhc-operation.web.cern.ch/
  • Milan Milošević mm@mmilan.com http://www.mmilan.com/ http://www.elefmagazin.com http://www.creemaginet.com Objavljeno pod Creative Commons quot;Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alikequot; 3.0 Licencom, ukoliko nije drugačije naglašeno. To znači da je sadržaj moguće kopirati, distribuirati i remiksovati sve dok se ne koristi u komercijalne svrhe i naveden je link ka originalnom izvoru.