<ul><ul><li>Capital: Ankara </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established: 1923 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establisher: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mustafa Kemal Atatürk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government Type: Democratic Secular Republic </li></ul></ul>
Tourism in Turkey is focused largely on a variety of archaeological and historical sites, and on seaside resorts along its Aegean and Mediterranean coasts. In the recent years, Turkey is also becoming a popular destination for the SPA and health care tourism
Turkey's largest city, Istanbul , has a number of major attractions derived from its huge historical status as capital of the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires. These include the Sultan Ahmed Mosque (the "Blue Mosque"), the Hagia Sophia , the Topkapı Palace , the Basilica Cistern , the Dolmabahce Palace , the Galata Tower , the Grand Bazaar , and the Pera Palas . Istanbul has also recently became one of the biggest shopping centers of European region by hosting malls and shopping centers like Metrocity , Akmerkez and Cevahir Mall (which is the biggest mall in Europe and second largest shopping center in the world).
Major cultural and historical attractions elsewhere in the country include the sites of Ephesus , Troy , Pergamon , House of Virgin Mary , Pamukkale , Hierapolis , Konya , Didyma , Church of Antioch , religious places in Mardin and the ruined cities and landscapes of Cappadocia .
Beach vacations, particularly for Turkish city-dwellers and visitors from Western Europe , are also central to the Turkish tourism industry . Most beach resorts are located along the southwestern and southern Aegean coast, especially along the Mediterranean coast near Antalya . Antalya is also accepted as the tourism capital of Turkey. Major resort towns include Bodrum , Fethiye , Marmaris , Kuşadası , Cesme , Didim and Alanya .
<ul><li>April 23 – children day </li></ul><ul><li>May 19 – youth and sports day </li></ul><ul><li>August 30 – victory day </li></ul><ul><li>0ctober 29 – establishment of the republic day </li></ul><ul><li>January 1 – new year </li></ul>