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Transcript

  • 1. Who
was
Montessori
?Dr
Maria
Montessori
was
a
legend
in
her
own
life4me
–
born
in
1870
She
was
a
tenacious,
emancipatedwoman
who
changed
the
way
society
treated
children.
She
became
Italy’s
first
ever
female
doctor.She
was
a
central
figure
in
the
spirit
of
reform,
humanism
and
children’s
rights
that
swept
Europe
in
the
1900’s
.
  • 2. Dr
Montessori
opened
her
first
‘Casa
dei
Bambini’
(house
for
children)
in
1907
in
Italy
and
it
is
s4ll
in
opera4on
today.
Montessori’s
approach
to
educa4on
was
deeply
rooted
in
her
observa4on
of
children’s
needs
and
sensi4vi4es
at
different
ages.
Through
these
observa4ons,
she
came
to
believe
that
every
child
has
an
inborn
desire
and
ability
to
discover,
explore
and
learn.The
full
development
of
the
human
being
from
birth
to
adulthood
became
her
life’s
work.

  • 3. Respect
for
the
child
is
the
 








cornerstone
of
the
Montessori
 philosophy. 


  • 4. In
a
Montessori
3‐6
class
there
are
five
 main
areas
the
children
can
explore: Prac4cal
life, Sensorial, Maths, Language, Culture.

  • 5. Prac7cal
Life
–
it
is
here
the
children
can
prac4ce
things
that
will
aid
them
for
life
,
giving
them
opportuni4es
to
develop
and
refine
certain
skills
for
example
–
a
series
of
dressing
frames
where
they
can
manipulate
buYons,
laces,
buckles
and
poppers
&
bows
–
which
will
later
help
them
to
dress
themselves.
They
also
learn
how
to
open
and
close
doors
carefully,
how
to
walk
gracefully,
how
to
blow
their
nose
and
wash
their
hands,
all
things
many
adults
just
expect
children
to
know!
  • 6. 



Threading,
cu]ng,
polishing
and
pouring,
 sewing,
flower
arranging,
orange
squeezing
–
 each
assist
hand
eye‐coordina4on
and
in
turn
 help
the
child
acquire
the
skills
of
those
 mastered
by
the
adults
around
him.
The
large
 gross
motor
skills
are
also
catered
for
through
 such
ac4vi4es
as
dish
washing,
scrubbing
a
 table,
cleaning
the
art
easel,
cleaning
the
 windows,
washing
the
clothes
and
pegging
 them
out!

  • 7. In
the
Montessori
environment
the
sensorial
materials

call
the
children
to
explore
the
quali4es
of:
dimension,
colour,
weight,
taste,
smell
and
shape,
helping
them
to
beYer
understand
the
world
they
live
in.

  • 8. Maths
‐
coun7ng
and
numbers.Numbers
and
coun4ng
come
alive
for
the
child
when
they
are
taught
as
a
sequence
of
carefully
planned
steps,
taking
the
child
from
the
concrete
to
the
abstract.Numbers
in
a
Montessori
classare
approached
from
a
sensorial
view
point
using
concrete
materials.
0‐10

is
the
first
area
children
explore.
  • 9. The
decimal
system
is
then
introduced
using
beads,
the
one
thousand
bead
cube
is
‘big’,
but
the
‘one’
bead
is
very
small.Ten
ones
can
be
counted
andexchanged
for
oneten,
and
ten
tens
forone
hundred,
tenhundreds
for
onethousand
and
sochildren
have
a
concrete
understanding,
of
the
change
fromone
category
toanother.
  • 10. Childern
then
explore
teens,
where
ten
and
one
make
eleven,
ten
and
two
twelve…….
This
is
shown
clearly
with
beads
and
the
wriYen
number.
The
tens
are
introduced
in
this
way
too….
Two
tens
are
twenty,
three
tens
are
thirty……
  • 11. LanguageThe
Montessori
language
materials
offer
a
systema4c
approach
to
wri4ng
and
reading
–

this
enables
the
child
to
experience
the
structure
of
language
step
by
step.The
alphabet
is
taught
phone4cally
at
first,
with
the
common
blends
introduced
e.g.
th,
sh,
ou..and
later
non
phone4c
words
are
introduced.

  • 12. The
shape
and
forma4on
of
each
leYer
is
presented
in
a
sensorial
way
allowing
the
child
to
gain
a
muscular
memory
of
the
leYer
before
introducing
the
complexityof
using
awri4ng
implement
.

  • 13. Stories,
songs,
poems
and
a
wealth
of
language
materials
enrich
the
child’s
vocabulary
  • 14. Making
words
with
the
moveable
alphabet
enables
the
child
to
“write”
their
thoughts,
before
the
skill
of
physical
wri4ng
isperfected.
  • 15.
  • 16. “Educa-on
is
a
natural
process
carried
out
by
the
child
and
is
not
acquired
by
listening
to
words
but
by
experiences
in
the
environment”
 
 
 
 
 Maria
Montessori
  • 17. Understanding
our
own
culture,
and
the
world
we
live
in
is
an
important
part
of
the
Montessori
philosophy.

  • 18. We
learn
from
globes
and
maps
about
the
different
con4nents,
and
who
lives
there.

  • 19. Geography,
history,
zoology,
botany
and
science
are
all
fascina4ng
to
children.

  • 20. Why
Montessori
today
–
100
years
later?
Dr
Montessori
was
twice
nominated
for
the
Nobel
Peace
prize.
She
discovered
facts
regarding
brain
development
that
are
finally
being
proven
today!And
a
testament
to
her
philosophy
being
more
deeply
rooted
than
just
a
passing
trend
‐
today
Montessori
is
the
single
largest
method
of
educa4on
in
the
world
today
with
over
22,000
schools
in
more
than
100
countries
with
just
100
Montessori
schools
in
New
Zealand.Dr
Montessori’s
philosophy
of
educa4on
is
flourishing
today
though
there
are
insufficient
teachers
to
meet
demand
–
could
this
be
a
career
for
you?

  • 21. Montessori
–
A
Career
For
You!
 The
next
AMI
3‐6
teacher
training
course
in
 Auckland
will
be
January
2012
–
February
2013.
This
is
your
passport
to
travel
the
world
with
an
interna4onally
recognised
Montessori
Diploma.
Visit
the
website
www.mmef.org.nz,
email
mmef@ihug.co.nz
or
text
021
111
4133
 for
more
informa4on.
Apply
today!