Present Perfect Continuous and Past Perfect Prof Marcos Dias
Present Perfect Continuous have been + ing hasI have been talking.She has been working.They have been living here.
Expressa uma ação que começou nopassado e terminou recentemente. You’re eyes are red. You have been crying. She is wearing her uniform.She has been studying at school. The children are making a snow man. It has been snowing. George’s hair is wet. He has been taking a shower.
Expressa uma ação que começou nopassado e anda continua no presente.I have been living in São Bento for 8 years. You have been sitting here since 9:30 a.m. The student have been playing soccer for one hour. The maid has been cleaning the house since 7:30 a.m.Or: The maid has cleaned the house since 7:30 a.m.
To know, to like, to believe Normalmente não usamos formas contínuas:How long have you believed in him?Mas:How long have Will and Carol been fixing the TV?
Não confunda: Present Perfect comPresent Perfect Continuous Henry has eaten. (ação já terminada) Henryhas been eating since he arrived at home. (ação não terminada, ele ainda está comendo)
Não confunda: Perfect Continuouscom Present Perfect Continuous Theyare smoking right now. (indica que a ação está acontecendo no momento) Theyhave been smoking lately. (indica que a ação tem acontencido ultimamente, mas não necessariamente no momento.)
Past Perfect Tense had + past participleShe had eaten a lot yesterday.Monica hadn’t written the letter.Harry had answered the telephone.Cecile and Matthew hadn’t said any bad words.
Indica uma ação completamente passada, anterior à outra também expressa no passado.A ação que aconteceu primeiro é que se expressa com o Past Perfect Tense:They had taken a shower when Mary woke up.Peter had arrived before we left home.I had called them after they had lunch.
Simple Past Tense + Simple PastTense When I opened the window, the cat went out. When Carl parked the car, the woman entered in it.Uma ação ocorreu logo após a outra.