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  • I have been baking since I was little, I have always enjoyed helping out in the kitchen. Baking was an outlet for me and was a fun way for me to relieve stress and express my creativity. My main interest was making birthday cakes so whenever one of my siblings, cousins, parents, friends or kids I baby-sit for had a birthday I would be making there cake. I would ask them what there favorite thing, or sport was and design a cake from there answers. I also loved baking because of the holidays, I make cakes, cookies, or cupcakes for every holiday, from Valentines Day through Christmas. And the main reason why I love to bake is because I can use the cookies and cakes I bake to make other people happy, and put a smile on their face. \n
  • I have been baking since I was little, I have always enjoyed helping out in the kitchen. Baking was an outlet for me and was a fun way for me to relieve stress and express my creativity. My main interest was making birthday cakes so whenever one of my siblings, cousins, parents, friends or kids I baby-sit for had a birthday I would be making there cake. I would ask them what there favorite thing, or sport was and design a cake from there answers. I also loved baking because of the holidays, I make cakes, cookies, or cupcakes for every holiday, from Valentines Day through Christmas. And the main reason why I love to bake is because I can use the cookies and cakes I bake to make other people happy, and put a smile on their face. \n
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  • Stone ovens were used in early life baking, and as time went on brick ovens were used, and they were built next to the fireplaces in the house\n\nAlso in early life baking they used earthen pots and pans, which were pots and pans made out of clay, and as time went on china was used, and then pewter plates and dishes\n\nIn early American life sugar and spices had to be imported, but other ingredients that were used were wild berries, water, strawberries, plums, raspberries, and herbs, and they could be found in the wild(or found in nature) \n
  • Common ingredients first used in baking were oats, which were made to make oat cakes. After that common ingredients in early life baking were fruit, sugar, spices, eggs, shortening, and flour. And early cakes were made from many eggs, brandy, or wine. Sometimes salt was used too, and it was either imported, or it was used in an evaporated state from the sea rocks.\n
  • Currently baking recipes that we use today, include flour, some type of sugar(powdered, white, or brown), baking soda or baking powder, salt and eggs. Sugar sweetens, eggs bind, flour give it its texture and consistency, salt give flavor, and baking soda or baking powder rise baked goods while they are baking.\n
  • The picture on the right came out in 1911 in the sears, Roebuck catalogue, and it was considered the “hottest” thing in cookware. It is a picture of a coal burner, made of cast iron, and it had a warming plate on top, and it was commonly used to heat or boil water. The picture on the left came out in the 1924 Sears catalogue, and it is a porcelain gas range. The porcelain gas range was considered an improvement from the previous forms of stoves, and it could keep a kitchen cleaner and cooler than the other ones. After these the “counters that cook” came out, which were counter stove tops. \n
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  • There are two different theories to explain how cupcakes were started, and there is not a clear answer as to which one is correct. The one theory is: the First known recipe which used the term, “cupcake”, appeared in an American cookbook in 1826. The cup in cupcake stands for the quantity of ingredients used in it, it was just a downsized english pound cake. \nThe other theory is from Lynne Oliver, of the Food Timeline website. She says that she found a recipe from 1796 where they were actually baked in cups, so it is hard to say exactly when cupcakes came to be.\n
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  • - The most primitive began making cakes shortly after they discovered flour\n- due to utensils and directions being perfected in baking, cake making isn’t a complicated process anymore\n- Cake is made of the basic ingredients: flour, sugar, eggs, seasonings, some other liquid(oil, water etc.), and shortening\n- Early method of cake making was to add other ingredients to a portion of bread dough\n- Most cakes today rise with either baking soda, or baking powder, but sometimes beaten eggs\n\n
  • Medieval England - \n\nIn medieval England the cakes that were described in writings were not cakes that we make today, instead they were flour based sweet foods, as opposed to the description of bread, which is flour based un-sweetened food. There breads and cakes were very similar, and what they called cakes were just like smaller breads. The earliest examples were found among the remains of Neolithic villages where archaeologists found simple cakes that were made up of crushed grains, that were moistened, compacted and cooked on a hot stone. Today we have a modern version of that simple cake, which would be an oatcake, or biscuit. \n\nGreeks - the greeks called cakes plakous, from the word flat. There cakes were usually a combination of honey and nuts. The greeks also had a flat and heavy cake, which they called satura.\n\nRoman Period - name for cake was Placenta\n(Placenta was like a cheesecake)\nRomans - The romans called cake libum, and cakes were used as an offering to the gods\n\nTerms bread and cake became interchangeable, and they derive from Anglo Saxon Origin, and it is believed that cake was used to describe smaller breads\n\n\n
  • Cakes were mainly made for special occasions because the ingredients to make cakes were so expensive. So because of this the wealthier you were the more cake you would be able to eat on a frequent basis\n
  • Early American cooks on the east coast considered cakes a symbol of well being, and each part of the country had their favorite. By the 19th century, because of the Industrial Revolution, baking ingredients were more affordable, and available because of both mass production, and the railroads. Also leavening agents we use today were invented, both baking soda and baking powder. \n
  • By the middle of the 18th century yeast wasn’t really being used anymore, because people started to favor beaten eggs as a raising agent in cakes. Once the cake mixture had as much air beaten in as possible it would be poured in to molds as simple as two tin hoops, or cake hoops, which were set on top of a cookie sheet or parchment paper. Our cake pans we know today evolved from these cake hoops.\n
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  • Early English Settlers brought their love of pie with them. They made meat, game, fowl, fruit, and berry pies, and a variety of pastries. They also brought cream and custard pies, but they were listed in English cookbooks as pudding rather than pies. In the early nineteenth century in America pies were common breakfast dishes, and men of rural families got up early and did at least an hour of outside chores before breakfast, so that there was enough time to bake the pies. If winters were really cold than pies were made in large quantities and put out to freeze. The varieties of pies were limited to whatever supplies families had, but dried fruit was always available to the thrifty housekeeper. \n\n
  • Apple Pie - Apple PIe is very common in America however it actually originated in England around the late 1300’s. The apple pies back then were very different because most didn’t have sugar since it was scarce and expensive, and the crusts(pastry), or coffins as they called them weren’t meant to be eaten, they were just meant as a container. Many old AMerican cookbooks didn’t even have apple pie recipes because it was taken for granted that every american housewife had her own favorite version, or recipe. \n\nCherry Pies - “Pie Cherry” trees did well in cold or moderately warm climates, and they developed fruit quickly, so they were commonly grown in backyards, and the fruit was used for cherry pies, or canned and used as a tart jam\n\nRhubard Pie - rhubard was one of the first fresh garden products of the season in cold climates, and was such a favorite for pie making that in many old cookbooks rhubarb pie was called, the pie plant pie. It was assumed that homemakers knew how to make this pie so there weren’t many recipes in old cookbooks, but were found in diaries of early american life. \n\nPumpkin or squash pie - In the eighteenth century this pie was called a pudding because it was a one-crust pie. Yankees(northerners) preferred this pie made with pumpkin, however southerners preferred it made with sweet potatoes. Spices were not included in this pie until clipper ships made them a more common commodity. And for the sweetening in this pie, sorghum or molasses were used until white and brown sugar took over\n\nBlack bottom Pie - recipes for this pie began appearing at the turn of the century, and it was a common party dessert\n\nGravel Pie - this was a recipe that was spread throughout the country by the Pennsylvania dutch, and is typically eaten in pennsylvania dutch homes as a coffee cake\n\n\n\n\n\n\n
  • Pies of the Romans - pies of the romans were made for occasions like banquets in the days of the empire, and were elaborate almost like showpieces.\n\nPies in England -\n14th Century - In the 14th century in England common pies were meat and fish pies.\n16th Century - fruit pies(called tarts by the english) were common in the 16th century\n\nPuritans - Mince pie was an important part of the christmas festivities, however some puritans called it “superstitious” pie, because they were in protest of what seemed to them to be a pagan manner of celebrating a holy feast. \n\nEnglish Settlers - English settlers in North America kept there taste and love for pie, and adapted it to their new conditions on their new land by making pumpkin and cranberry pies.\n
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  • Cookies were originally called, little cakes, and made with sweet dough in single sized servings, and were eaten out of hand. The word cookie comes from the dutch word, keokje, which means little cake. And the Dutch were the first to popularize cookies in the United States.\n\nIn the 19th century the british took a liking to these cookies and incorporated them into their daily tea service, and called them biscuits. \n\n\n\n
  • Cookies were originally called, little cakes, and made with sweet dough in single sized servings, and were eaten out of hand. The word cookie comes from the dutch word, keokje, which means little cake. And the Dutch were the first to popularize cookies in the United States.\n\nIn the 19th century the british took a liking to these cookies and incorporated them into their daily tea service, and called them biscuits. \n\n\n\n
  • Cookies were originally called, little cakes, and made with sweet dough in single sized servings, and were eaten out of hand. The word cookie comes from the dutch word, keokje, which means little cake. And the Dutch were the first to popularize cookies in the United States.\n\nIn the 19th century the british took a liking to these cookies and incorporated them into their daily tea service, and called them biscuits. \n\n\n\n
  • Sometime in the 1930’s an innkeeper in Massachusetts, Ruth Wakefield, ran out of nuts while she was making cookies, and substituted baking chocolate, by breaking it into chunks,and adding it into the cookie batter, and the Toll House Chocolate Chip Cookie was born. The cookie was named the Toll House Cookie after the Inn Ruth served it in. \n
  • Cookies are consumed in 95.2 percent of U.S. households. Americans alone consume over 2 billion cookies a year, or 300 cookies for each person annually.\n\n
  • Shows like Cake Boss on TLC, DC Cupcakes on TLC, and Ace of Cakes on The Food Network have made home baking more popular. Buddy Valastro on the Cake Boss has shown the viewers that a simple thing like putting fondant on your cake could make it look like a professional cake, and Ace of Cakes was the first show in a while to really show people how cakes can be made into just about anything. Duff Goldman, on Ace of Cakes has made cakes that look like cars, the beach, dogs, castles, just about anything. And a recent show that is on TLC, DC Cupcakes follows two sisters who run Georgetown Cupcakes, in Washington, D.C. They don’t show viewers how to make awesome cakes, instead they make amazing cupcakes. The show, Cake Boss, has become so popular that so many people are visiting Buddy Valastro’s bakery, Carlo’s Bakery, that people wait in a line outside the bakery for hours, just to get in. I have been to Carlo’s Bakery myself, in Hoboken, New Jersey, and my family and I waited outside the bakery for over two hours. \n
  • Shows like Cake Boss on TLC, DC Cupcakes on TLC, and Ace of Cakes on The Food Network have made home baking more popular. Buddy Valastro on the Cake Boss has shown the viewers that a simple thing like putting fondant on your cake could make it look like a professional cake, and Ace of Cakes was the first show in a while to really show people how cakes can be made into just about anything. Duff Goldman, on Ace of Cakes has made cakes that look like cars, the beach, dogs, castles, just about anything. And a recent show that is on TLC, DC Cupcakes follows two sisters who run Georgetown Cupcakes, in Washington, D.C. They don’t show viewers how to make awesome cakes, instead they make amazing cupcakes. The show, Cake Boss, has become so popular that so many people are visiting Buddy Valastro’s bakery, Carlo’s Bakery, that people wait in a line outside the bakery for hours, just to get in. I have been to Carlo’s Bakery myself, in Hoboken, New Jersey, and my family and I waited outside the bakery for over two hours. \n
  • Shows like Cake Boss on TLC, DC Cupcakes on TLC, and Ace of Cakes on The Food Network have made home baking more popular. Buddy Valastro on the Cake Boss has shown the viewers that a simple thing like putting fondant on your cake could make it look like a professional cake, and Ace of Cakes was the first show in a while to really show people how cakes can be made into just about anything. Duff Goldman, on Ace of Cakes has made cakes that look like cars, the beach, dogs, castles, just about anything. And a recent show that is on TLC, DC Cupcakes follows two sisters who run Georgetown Cupcakes, in Washington, D.C. They don’t show viewers how to make awesome cakes, instead they make amazing cupcakes. The show, Cake Boss, has become so popular that so many people are visiting Buddy Valastro’s bakery, Carlo’s Bakery, that people wait in a line outside the bakery for hours, just to get in. I have been to Carlo’s Bakery myself, in Hoboken, New Jersey, and my family and I waited outside the bakery for over two hours. \n
  • Shows like Cake Boss on TLC, DC Cupcakes on TLC, and Ace of Cakes on The Food Network have made home baking more popular. Buddy Valastro on the Cake Boss has shown the viewers that a simple thing like putting fondant on your cake could make it look like a professional cake, and Ace of Cakes was the first show in a while to really show people how cakes can be made into just about anything. Duff Goldman, on Ace of Cakes has made cakes that look like cars, the beach, dogs, castles, just about anything. And a recent show that is on TLC, DC Cupcakes follows two sisters who run Georgetown Cupcakes, in Washington, D.C. They don’t show viewers how to make awesome cakes, instead they make amazing cupcakes. The show, Cake Boss, has become so popular that so many people are visiting Buddy Valastro’s bakery, Carlo’s Bakery, that people wait in a line outside the bakery for hours, just to get in. I have been to Carlo’s Bakery myself, in Hoboken, New Jersey, and my family and I waited outside the bakery for over two hours. \n
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  • Baking can be a great tool to use to teach kids all kinds of skills. They learn math skills from measuring ingredients, counting how many eggs they have cracked, and filling the pan with the batter half way. \nBaking can also teach kids organization and planning skills because they can look at the recipe before and figure out what they need, and how much of it they need, how many bowls and utensils they need to get out, and who is going to do what job.\nAnd baking also teaches patience because they have to wait for the cookies to finish baking, or the cookie dough to finish cooling\n \n
  • Baking teaches responsibility to kids because they are given tasks or jobs to do, so they learn that they have to finish what they were asked to do, and they have to clean up afterwards\nAlso baking can teach kids how to follow directions, since they need to follow a recipe, and they have to know which step is next\n\n
  • When it comes to baking, you of course first bake your cakes, or cupcakes, or whatever, but when It comes to decorating what you have baked you really have to be creative. There are so many holidays and birthdays that occur throughout the year, which are great opportunities to express your creativity through baking, and make something that looks and tastes great! Bakers can even be referred to as a “culinary artist”, which is because baking is an art form. Through the process of baking, decorating, and serving a cake your personal creativity is expressed. Before you decorate a cake, or cupcakes, you have to decide on a flavor, and then you have to figure out once it is baked how you are going to decorate it. You either come up with a design in your head, or you draw it out. Then when you actually decorate it you decide how you carve the cake, what colors you are going to mix, and use, and any extra piping or candy details you are going to put on it. And lastly you also add your creative touch when you decide how to display/serve your cake. And when decorating and baking a cake you can make it very simple or very complex, depending on what direction you want to go with the cake. \nhttp://www.anytimesweets.com/gallery.php,http://www.frostingsbyjudy.com/cakes-boys/single-gallery/2135650,http://cbailey.co.uk/gallery2/main.php?g2_itemId=185,http://www.urban-vibe.ca/food/car-cake/,http://www.flickr.com/photos/takesthecakeperth/page5/,http://66.240.36.3:81/cgi/block.cgi?URL=http://chefmommy-brandao.blogspot.com/2010/04/butterfly-cupcakes.html&IP=192.168.1.2&CAT=WEBLOG&USER=115760,http://66.240.36.3:81/cgi/block.cgi?URL=http://loveanddestroy.deviantart.com/art/Pokeball-cake-88988086&IP=192.168.1.2&CAT=EXART&USER=115760, http://www.ratemycakes.com/cakes.php?id=1331900421,http://www.flickr.com/photos/charleyscakes/4816863761/,http://www.cakeadelic.co.uk/2009/06/06/cake-details/birthday/ballet-shoes-birthday-cake/,http://www.flickr.com/photos/31085139@N08/3111744604/,http://66.240.36.3:81/cgi/block.cgi?URL=http://www.google.com/imgres?q=guitar+cake&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&sa=N&tbm=isch&tbnid=RG9OmaMhSevhPM:&imgrefurl=http://blog.pinkcakebox.com/grooms-guitar-cake-3-2008-07-19.htm&ei=QOecTdbcIMeCgAfK67GeBw&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=438&oei=QOecTdbcIMeCgAfK67GeBw&page=1&tbnh=100&tbnw=164&start=0&ndsp=19&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0&tx=94&ty=55&biw=1183&bih=617&IP=192.168.1.2&CAT=WEBLOG&USER=115760,http://www.flickr.com/photos/60325207@N06/page2/,http://www.miamispecialtycakes.com/Cake-Samples.html,http://www.flickr.com/photos/wickedcakesaustin/3390503666/,http://www.chefsuccess.com/f7/belle-cake-please-help-64565/,http://www.flickr.com/photos/carmonmiddleton/3909207047/,http://groomsadvice.com/2010/01/28/10colts-and-saints-grooms-cakes/\n
  • Betty Crocker has been associated and a symbol of General Mills’ since 1921. Betty was actually not a real person, but Betty has been identified with helpfulness, trustworthiness, and quality. Betty was created when The Washburn Crosby Company, which was a forerunner of General Mills, received thousands of questions about baking, so “Betty Crocker” was created as a signature on every response, to the questions. Crocker was chosen to honor a popular employee of the company, who had recently retired, William G. Crocker. And Betty was just chosen as a friendly name. In 1924 the company launched a radio show, “The Betty Crocker Cooking School of the Air.” In the 1920’s it was time for Betty Crocker to have an identity so there was a drawing done of her, and ever since then her portrait has been updated seven times.\n
  • Baking helps relieve my stress, because it helps me forget about school, my job, and any other worries, and it lets me focusing on something fun and creative.\n
  • The wedding cakes that we are familiar with are multi tiered, iced, and multi flavored and decorated cakes. These wedding cakes are improved versions of the 1800s single tiered plum cakes, because baking technology had improved. \n
  • The wedding cakes that we are familiar with are multi tiered, iced, and multi flavored and decorated cakes. These wedding cakes are improved versions of the 1800s single tiered plum cakes, because baking technology had improved. \n
  • The wedding cakes that we are familiar with are multi tiered, iced, and multi flavored and decorated cakes. These wedding cakes are improved versions of the 1800s single tiered plum cakes, because baking technology had improved. \n
  • In the roman empire the “wedding cake” was actually not a cake, but instead was a loaf of unsweetened wheat bread. The loaf of bread would be broken over the brides head by the groom to symbolize happiness, fertility, and prosperity for the bride and groom as a couple. After the loaf of bread was broken over the brides head the wedding guests would race to grab up the crumbs for good luck. \n
  • The guests would bring small sweet breads, or various pastries to the wedding, and stack them up and they would serve as the wedding cake, and this pile of pastries symbolized prosperity. Then the bride and groom would kiss over this pile so that they would have good luck for their marriage together.\n
  • Baking with your family, can help your family bond, and siblings bond. And it is also a great idea for a family tradition, like baking Christmas tree cookies every year right before christmas, or making heart shaped rice crispy treats for Valentines Day every year. ALso baking with your family can teach everyone responsibility, the importance of team work, and patience. When I was growing up we did a lot of baking together around holidays. And we would all help to make a birthday cake for anyone in my family who’s birthday was coming up. We all loved decorating cupcakes, and baking cookies together, and me and my siblings were happy to be able to express our creativity by deciding how to decorate what we had baked.\n
  • This quote relates to me and this project because I love to bake, and I love to help people, so the perfect solution for me is to mesh those things together, to use my baking to help others out, which is what I did in my application.\n
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  • I worked with the Little Vikings, who come to the high school, on baking, and decorating baked goods. I talked with them about measurements, ingredients, the actual baking of baked goods in the oven, and ways we can decorate baked goods. They all had a chance to make icing, and color the icing, and use it to decorate cupcakes. The also rolled out cookie dough, and made cut out cookies, and decorated them. \n
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  • At home I made various recipes from different time periods. I made different pies, cookies, cupcakes, and Cakes. I worked with various ingredients, and tried some new techniques, and I also got to use my creativity to decorate, and serve them.\n
  • Everyone has the name of someone else in the class on their desk. In a minute you will be decorating a cupcake for them, with the icing, and decorations I have brought. You will have about five minutes to decorate your cupcake, and then everyone will deliver the cupcake they decorated to the name of the person on your desk. \n
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  • In conclusion, through this project I have learned the history behind many popular baked goods, and baking ingredients. I have also learned that baking can be used to teach, and help others, and that if you are ever feeling stressed or you need a creative outlet, baking is a great choice!\n

sgp slides Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Baking By : Megan McGillhttp://tlc.discovery.com/tv/dc-cupcakes/cupcake-photos-12.html http://www.hotmomsclub.com/?p=7094
  • 2. Thesis• My interest in baking led me to researching some history of baking, what it used to be like, and what its like today, how baking can be used to teach, and the creativity you can express through baking. I also wanted to use my love for baking to help someone else out in some way, and also show kids how baking is a fun way to learn important skills and express their creativity which led me to making baked goods to donate to the Upper Merion Senior Center’s Spring Flea Market, and baking with the Little Vikings here at the high school.
  • 3. Personal Relevance• Favorite hobby of mine since I was young• Stress-Reliever• Creative Outlet• A way to make others happy
  • 4. Personal Relevance• Favorite hobby of mine since I was young• Stress-Reliever• Creative Outlet thats me• A way to make others happy
  • 5. Overview • Creativity in• Early life baking baking• Cupcakes • Betty Crocker• Cakes • Baking as a• Pies stress reliever• Cookies • Wedding Cakes• Recent baking • Application craze • Class Activity• Using baking to • Conclusion teach
  • 6. Early Life http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.inkity.com/catalog/img/ 2/4874.jpg&imgrefurl• "Early Life." Mayflower Families. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2010
  • 7. What Ingredients/recipes were first used in bakinghttp://www.postersguide.com/posters/assorted-fruit-spices-and-sugar-3291708.html"Cake." MasterFILE Premier. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2010. <http:/ web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?hid>
  • 8. What Ingredients/Recipes are most common today http://www.mybakingdom.com/2010/09/super-easy-warm-you-up-breakfast-german-apple-pancakes.htmlhttp://nzic.org.nz/ChemProcesses/food/6D.pdf
  • 9. Evolution of the stove Both pictures are from American Cooking by Dale Brown, pg 194Brown, Dale. Foods of the World American Cooking. Ed. Time Life Books. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.
  • 10. Cupcakes http://www.flickr.com/photos/nick_d/2977848508/http://www.marthastewart.com/article/shark-and-beach-cupcakes
  • 11. How Cupcakes Got Started baked in cups, or was it the quantity of ingredients? http://www.boulderdowntown.com/_files/images/small-chocolate-cupcake.jpghttp://npinopunintended.wordpress.com/2010/03/20/against-the-cupcake/ Musser, George. “Cupcakes.” MAS Ultra - School Edition. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2010.
  • 12. CAKEShttp://www.houseofcakesdubai.com/store/index.php?productID=171 http://www.elegantcakery.com/CakeGallery.aspx?P=1
  • 13. History of Cakes“Cake.” MasterFILE Premier. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2010. <http:/.ebscohost.com//?hid>. Stradley, Linda. “Cakes - History of Cakes.” Whats Cooking America. N.p., 2004. Web. 20 Dec. 2010.
  • 14. Variations ofhttp://www.tastespotting.com/features/that-chocolate-cake-recipe-scharffen- bergerStradley, Linda. “Cakes - History of Cakes.” Whats Cooking America. N.p., 2004. Web. 20 Dec. 2010.
  • 15. When were Cakes Baked? • Special Occasions • More wealthy, more you will consume http://www.simplydevinecatering.com/wedding_cakes.htm Stradley, Linda. “Cakes - History of Cakes.” Whats Cooking America. N.p., 2004. Web. 20 Dec. 2010.
  • 16. When were Cakes Baked? • Special Occasions • More wealthy, more you will consume http://www.simplydevinecatering.com/wedding_cakes.htm Stradley, Linda. “Cakes - History of Cakes.” Whats Cooking America. N.p., 2004. Web. 20 Dec. 2010.
  • 17. Cakes in America in 19th Century http://www.bettycrocker.com/recipes/heavenly-angel-food-cake/47fb0100-5df4-4dd4-b4e1-f5db1475954b Stradley, Linda. “Cakes - History of Cakes.” Whats Cooking America. N.p., 2004. Web. 20 Dec. 2010.
  • 18. Cake Hoops tohttp://www.deborahspantry.com/everythingelse.htm http://www.fantes.com/cake-pans-round.html Stradley, Linda. “Cakes - History of Cakes.” Whats Cooking America. N.p., 2004. Web. 20 Dec. 2010.
  • 19. Cake Hoops tohttp://www.deborahspantry.com/everythingelse.htm http://www.fantes.com/cake-pans-round.html Stradley, Linda. “Cakes - History of Cakes.” Whats Cooking America. N.p., 2004. Web. 20 Dec. 2010.
  • 20. http://www.southernliving.com/travel/best-southern-pies-00417000067560/
  • 21. Early English Settlers and PiesBeard, James. James Beards American Cookery. N.p.: Little, Brown and Company,n.d
  • 22. History Behind a • Apple Pie • Pumpkin or Squash Pie • Cherry Pie • Black Bottom Pie • Rhubarb Pie • Gravel Pie http://www.cooking-outdoors.com/february-20-is-national-cherry-pie-day/“Pie.” History Reference Center. N.p., 2010. Web. 20 Dec. 2010.<http:/.ebscohost.com//?hid>.
  • 23. Pie Continued.Beard, James. James Beards American Cookery. N.p.: Little, Brown and Company,n.d.http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2010/03/how_to_drive_a_mathematician_c.php
  • 24. Cookieshttp://www.averagebetty.com/recipes/sugar-cookies-recipe/http://www.polkadotbirthday.com/2008/07/birthday-party- favor-cookies.html
  • 25. The Start of Cookies"Grains of Truth about Cookies." Wheat Foods. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2011. <http://www.wellnessproposals.com/nutrition/handouts/grains-fiber/ truth-about-cookies.pdf>.
  • 26. The Start of Cookies little cakes"Grains of Truth about Cookies." Wheat Foods. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2011. <http://www.wellnessproposals.com/nutrition/handouts/grains-fiber/ truth-about-cookies.pdf>.
  • 27. The Start of Cookies little cakes keokje"Grains of Truth about Cookies." Wheat Foods. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2011. <http://www.wellnessproposals.com/nutrition/handouts/grains-fiber/ truth-about-cookies.pdf>.
  • 28. The Start of Cookies little cakes keokje cookie"Grains of Truth about Cookies." Wheat Foods. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2011. <http://www.wellnessproposals.com/nutrition/handouts/grains-fiber/ truth-about-cookies.pdf>.
  • 29. The Accidental Chocolate Chip Cookie"Grains of Truth about Cookies." Wheat Foods. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2011. <http://www.wellnessproposals.com/nutrition/handouts/grains-fiber/ truth-about-cookies.pdf>. http://annies-eats.net/2008/09/08/thick-and-chewy-chocolate-chip-cookies/
  • 30. Cookies http://www.parentsconnect.com/parenting/kid/healthy-eating.html http://fotobank.ru/image/FC04-3653.html"Grains of Truth about Cookies." Wheat Foods. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2011. <http://www.wellnessproposals.com/nutrition/handouts/grains-fiber/ truth-about-cookies.pdf>.
  • 31. Why is Baking “In” Again? http://tlc.howstuffworks.com/tv/cake-boss http://tlc.discovery.com/tv/dc-cupcakes/http://www.delish.com/cooking-shows/food-tv/duff-goldman-tricks-treats http://www.foodnetwork.com/ace-of-cakes/index.html
  • 32. Why is Baking “In” Again? http://tlc.howstuffworks.com/tv/cake-boss http://tlc.discovery.com/tv/dc-cupcakes/http://www.delish.com/cooking-shows/food-tv/duff-goldman-tricks-treats http://www.foodnetwork.com/ace-of-cakes/index.html
  • 33. Why is Baking “In” Again? http://tlc.howstuffworks.com/tv/cake-boss http://tlc.discovery.com/tv/dc-cupcakes/http://www.delish.com/cooking-shows/food-tv/duff-goldman-tricks-treats http://www.foodnetwork.com/ace-of-cakes/index.html
  • 34. Why is Baking “In” Again? http://tlc.howstuffworks.com/tv/cake-boss http://tlc.discovery.com/tv/dc-cupcakes/http://www.delish.com/cooking-shows/food-tv/duff-goldman-tricks-treats http://www.foodnetwork.com/ace-of-cakes/index.html
  • 35. Why is Baking “In” Again? http://tlc.howstuffworks.com/tv/cake-boss http://tlc.discovery.com/tv/dc-cupcakes/http://www.delish.com/cooking-shows/food-tv/duff-goldman-tricks-treats http://www.foodnetwork.com/ace-of-cakes/index.html
  • 36. RECENT http://dvdepot.com/video-production-blog/ http://javacupcake.com/2010/12/cupcake-wars-season-2/ http://watch-streaming-episodes.com/show/last-cake-standing/http://sharetv.org/shows/food_network_challenge http://www.webtvwire.com/watch-fabulous-cakes-online-season-1-video-streaming-torrent-search/
  • 37. RECENT http://dvdepot.com/video-production-blog/ http://javacupcake.com/2010/12/cupcake-wars-season-2/ http://watch-streaming-episodes.com/show/last-cake-standing/http://sharetv.org/shows/food_network_challenge http://www.webtvwire.com/watch-fabulous-cakes-online-season-1-video-streaming-torrent-search/
  • 38. RECENT http://dvdepot.com/video-production-blog/ http://javacupcake.com/2010/12/cupcake-wars-season-2/ http://watch-streaming-episodes.com/show/last-cake-standing/http://sharetv.org/shows/food_network_challenge http://www.webtvwire.com/watch-fabulous-cakes-online-season-1-video-streaming-torrent-search/
  • 39. RECENT http://dvdepot.com/video-production-blog/ http://javacupcake.com/2010/12/cupcake-wars-season-2/ http://watch-streaming-episodes.com/show/last-cake-standing/http://sharetv.org/shows/food_network_challenge http://www.webtvwire.com/watch-fabulous-cakes-online-season-1-video-streaming-torrent-search/
  • 40. RECENT http://dvdepot.com/video-production-blog/ http://javacupcake.com/2010/12/cupcake-wars-season-2/ http://watch-streaming-episodes.com/show/last-cake-standing/http://sharetv.org/shows/food_network_challenge http://www.webtvwire.com/watch-fabulous-cakes-online-season-1-video-streaming-torrent-search/
  • 41. RECENT http://dvdepot.com/video-production-blog/ http://javacupcake.com/2010/12/cupcake-wars-season-2/ http://watch-streaming-episodes.com/show/last-cake-standing/http://sharetv.org/shows/food_network_challenge http://www.webtvwire.com/watch-fabulous-cakes-online-season-1-video-streaming-torrent-search/
  • 42. Baking Can Teach Kids... • Math Skills • Organization • PatienceHopkin, Margaret. "Cooking WIth Children." Extension.usu.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://extension.usu.edu/Morgan/files/uploads/ Cooking%20with%20children%201.pdf>.
  • 43. Baking can also teach kids...Hopkin, Margaret. "Cooking WIth Children." Extension.usu.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://extension.usu.edu/Morgan/files/uploads/ Cooking%20with%20children%201.pdf>.
  • 44. Baking can also teach kids... • Responsib ility • How to follow directionsHopkin, Margaret. "Cooking WIth Children." Extension.usu.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://extension.usu.edu/Morgan/files/uploads/ Cooking%20with%20children%201.pdf>.
  • 45. Acquiring the Skills and Creativity http://media.wiley.com/product_data/ excerpt/19/04700991/0470099119.pdf
  • 46. Acquiring the Skills and Creativity http://media.wiley.com/product_data/ excerpt/19/04700991/0470099119.pdf
  • 47. Betty Crocker? http://news.minnesota.publicradio.org/features/2005/04/07_wurzerc_bettycrocker/histbetty.pdf - History of Betty Crocker
  • 48. Baking as a Stress Relieverhttp://irresistibledisgrace.wordpress.com/2009/01/15/mitt-romney-an-expressive-analysis/ http://www.hostesswiththemostess.com/entertaining/article/kidsholidayideas http://www.cakechannel.com/baby-shower-diaper-cake-recipe.html
  • 49. HISTORY OF• http://www.stickboyfuquay.com/images/cakebrochure.pdfhttp://www.aisledash.com/2010/05/24/traditions-the-wedding-cake-around-the-world, http://www.smileweddingtips.net/2011/03/29/pnina-tornai-wedding-dresses-2011/ http://www.smileweddingtips.net/2011/03/29/pnina-tornai-wedding-dresses-2011/
  • 50. HISTORY OF• http://www.stickboyfuquay.com/images/cakebrochure.pdfhttp://www.aisledash.com/2010/05/24/traditions-the-wedding-cake-around-the-world, http://www.smileweddingtips.net/2011/03/29/pnina-tornai-wedding-dresses-2011/ http://www.smileweddingtips.net/2011/03/29/pnina-tornai-wedding-dresses-2011/
  • 51. HISTORY OF• http://www.stickboyfuquay.com/images/cakebrochure.pdfhttp://www.aisledash.com/2010/05/24/traditions-the-wedding-cake-around-the-world, http://www.smileweddingtips.net/2011/03/29/pnina-tornai-wedding-dresses-2011/ http://www.smileweddingtips.net/2011/03/29/pnina-tornai-wedding-dresses-2011/
  • 52. HISTORY OF• http://www.stickboyfuquay.com/images/cakebrochure.pdfhttp://www.aisledash.com/2010/05/24/traditions-the-wedding-cake-around-the-world, http://www.smileweddingtips.net/2011/03/29/pnina-tornai-wedding-dresses-2011/ http://www.smileweddingtips.net/2011/03/29/pnina-tornai-wedding-dresses-2011/
  • 53. THE ORIGINAL Roman Empire wheat bread as “wedding cake” breaking the loaf over the brides head http://www.flickr.com/photos/cgc/4392899231/lightbox/• http://www.stickboyfuquay.com/images/cakebrochure.pdf
  • 54. Middle Ages guests would bring small sweet breads and stack http://www.flickr.com/photos/nonojoe/170083897/ themhttp://www.stickboyfuquay.com/images/cakebrochure.pdf
  • 55. Baking with your Familyhttp://www.homebaking.org/PDF/Chicago-Metallic.pdf
  • 56. Baking with your Family ...and my experience of baking with my familyhttp://www.homebaking.org/PDF/Chicago-Metallic.pdf
  • 57. Quote"I figured if I wasgoing to make theworld a better place,Id do it withcookies."
  • 58. 1st Application Donating Baked Goods to Upper Merion
  • 59. Upper Merion Senior Center All of the money raised at Upper Merion Senior Center’s Flea Market/Bake sale will go to keep the programs at the Senior Center running
  • 60. 2nd Application Component
  • 61. 2nd Application Component• Baking With the Little Vikings
  • 62. Baking with the Little
  • 63. 3rd Application Component
  • 64. 3rd Application Component • Trying out some recipes myself
  • 65. Class Activity http://www.allthingscupcake.com/2010/03/03/cake-journal-cupcake-decorating/http://www.neighborhood-kids.com/articles/2010/01/frugal-fun-for-birthday-parties-at-home/
  • 66. Class Activity you will be decorating a cupcake for your partner http://www.allthingscupcake.com/2010/03/03/cake-journal-cupcake-decorating/http://www.neighborhood-kids.com/articles/2010/01/frugal-fun-for-birthday-parties-at-home/
  • 67. Pictures Cited • http://tlc.discovery.com/tv/dc-cupcakes/cupcake-photos-12.html http://javacupcake.com/2010/12/cupcake-wars-season-2/ http://dvdepot.com/video-production-blog/ • http://www.hotmomsclub.com/?p=7094 http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2010/03/ how_to_drive_a_mathematician_c.php • http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.inkity.com/catalog/img/2/4874.jpg&imgrefurl http://www.averagebetty.com/recipes/sugar- cookies-recipe/ • American Cooking by Dale Brown, pg 194 http://www.polkadotbirthday.com/2008/07/ birthday-party-favor-cookies.htmlBrown, Dale. Foods of the World American Cooking. Ed. Time Life Books. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print. <http://www.wellnessproposals.com/nutrition/handouts/grains-fiber/ http://www.postersguide.com/posters/assorted-fruit-spices-and-sugar-3291708.html truth-about-cookies.pdf>. http://www.mybakingdom.com/2010/09/super-easy-warm-you-up-breakfast-german-apple-pancakes.html http://www.wellnessproposals.com/nutrition/handouts/grains-fiber/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/nick_d/2977848508/ http://www.marthastewart.com/article/shark-and-beach-cupcakes truth-about-cookies.pdf>. http://www.boulderdowntown.com/_files/images/small-chocolate-cupcake.jpg http://npinopunintended.wordpress.com/2010/03/20/against-the-cupcake/ http://www.houseofcakesdubai.com/store/index.php?productID=171 http://annies-eats.net/2008/09/08/thick-and-chewy-chocolate-chip-cookies/ http://www.elegantcakery.com/CakeGallery.aspx?P=1 http://www.tastespotting.com/features/that-chocolate-cake-recipe-scharffen-berger http://fotobank.ru/image/FC04-3653.html http://www.simplydevinecatering.com/wedding_cakes.htm http://www.bettycrocker.com/recipes/heavenly-angel-food-cake/47fb0100-5df4-4dd4-b4e1-f5db1475954b http://www.parentsconnect.com/parenting/kid/healthy-eating.html http://www.deborahspantry.com/everythingelse.htm http://tlc.howstuffworks.com/tv/cake-boss http://www.fantes.com/cake-pans-round.html http://tlc.discovery.com/tv/dc-cupcakes/ http://www.southernliving.com/travel/best-southern-pies-00417000067560/ http://www.delish.com/cooking-shows/food-tv/duff-goldman-tricks-treats http://www.cooking-outdoors.com/february-20-is-national-cherry-pie-day/ http://www.foodnetwork.com/ace-of-cakes/index.html http://www.anytimesweets.com/gallery.php,http://www.frostingsbyjudy.com/cakes-boys/single-gallery/2135650,http://cbailey.co.uk/gallery2/main.php?g2_itemId=185,http://www.urban-vibe.ca/food/car-cake/,http://www.flickr.com/photos/takesthecakeperth/page5/,http://66.240.36.3:81/cgi/block.cgi? URL=http://chefmommy-brandao.blogspot.com/2010/04/butterfly-cupcakes.html&IP=192.168.1.2&CAT=WEBLOG&USER=115760,http://66.240.36.3:81/cgi/block.cgi?URL=http://loveanddestroy.deviantart.com/art/Pokeball-cake-88988086&IP=192.168.1.2&CAT=EXART&USER=115760, http:// www.ratemycakes.com/cakes.php?id=1331900421,http://www.flickr.com/photos/charleyscakes/4816863761/,http://www.cakeadelic.co.uk/2009/06/06/cake-details/birthday/ballet-shoes-birthday-cake/,http://www.flickr.com/photos/31085139@N08/3111744604/,http://66.240.36.3:81/cgi/block.cgi? URL=http://www.google.com/imgres?q=guitar+cake&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&sa=N&tbm=isch&tbnid=RG9OmaMhSevhPM:&imgrefurl=http://blog.pinkcakebox.com/grooms-guitar- cake-3-2008-07-19.htm&ei=QOecTdbcIMeCgAfK67GeBw&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=438&oei=QOecTdbcIMeCgAfK67GeBw&page=1&tbnh=100&tbnw=164&start=0&ndsp=19&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0&tx=94&ty=55&biw=1183&bih=617&IP=192.168.1.2&CAT=WEBLOG&USER=115760,http://www.flickr.com/ photos/60325207@N06/page2/,http://www.miamispecialtycakes.com/Cake-Samples.html,http://www.flickr.com/photos/wickedcakesaustin/3390503666/,http://www.chefsuccess.com/f7/belle-cake-please-help-64565/,http://www.flickr.com/photos/carmonmiddleton/3909207047/,http://groomsadvice.com/ 2010/01/28/10colts-and-saints-grooms-cakes/ http://www.smileweddingtips.net/2011/03/29/pnina-tornai-wedding-dresses-2011/ http://news.minnesota.publicradio.org/features/2005/04/07_wurzerc_bettycrocker/histbetty.pdf - History of Betty Crockerhttp://www.aisledash.com/2010/05/24/traditions-the-wedding-cake-around-the-world, http://www.smileweddingtips.net/2011/03/29/pnina-tornai-wedding-dresses-2011/ http://irresistibledisgrace.wordpress.com/2009/01/15/mitt-romney-an-expressive-analysis/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/cgc/4392899231/lightbox/ http://www.hostesswiththemostess.com/entertaining/article/kidsholidayideas http://www.cakechannel.com/baby-shower-diaper-cake-recipe.html http://www.flickr.com/photos/nonojoe/170083897/ http://sharetv.org/shows/food_network_challenge http://www.allthingscupcake.com/2010/03/03/cake-journal-cupcake-decorating/ http://www.neighborhood-kids.com/articles/2010/01/frugal-fun-for-birthday-parties-at-home/ http://watch-streaming-episodes.com/show/last-cake-standing/ http://www.webtvwire.com/watch-fabulous-cakes-online-season-1-video-streaming-torrent-search/
  • 68. Works Cited • "Grains of Truth about Cookies." Wheat Foods. • Beard, James. James Beards American Cookery. N.p.: N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2011. Little, Brown and Company, <http://www.wellnessproposals.com/nutrition/handouts/grains- • Musser, George. “Cupcakes.” MAS Ultra - School Edition. fiber/ N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2010. <http:/web.ebscohost.com/ ehost/detail?hid>. truth-about-cookies.pdf> • Stradley, Linda. “Cakes - History of Cakes.” Whats Cooking • Hopkin, Margaret. "Cooking WIth Children." America. N.p., 2004. Web. 20 Dec. 2010. <http:// Extension.usu.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 whatscookingamerica.net/History/CakeHistory.htm> Mar. 2011. <http://extension.usu.edu/Morgan/files/uploads/ • “Cake.” MasterFILE Premier. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2010. Cooking%20with%20children%201.pdf>. <http:/.ebscohost.com//?hid>. • http://media.wiley.com/product_data/excerpt/ • “Pie.” History Reference Center. N.p., 2010. Web. 20 Dec. 19/04700991/0470099119.pdf 2010. <http:/.ebscohost.com//?hid>. • "Early Life." Mayflower Families. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Dec. • http://news.minnesota.publicradio.org/features/ 2010 2005/04/07_wurzerc_bettycrocker/histbetty • Brown, Dale. Foods of the World American Cooking. Ed. • http://www.homebaking.org/PDF/Chicago- Time Life Books. N.p.: Metallic.pdfn.p., n.d. Print. • http://nzic.org.nz/ChemProcesses/food/6D.pdf • • http://www.stickboyfuquay.com/images/ cakebrochure.pdf
  • 69. Conclusio