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Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
Matter Properties And Changes
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Matter Properties And Changes

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List of physical properties of matter

List of physical properties of matter

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  • 1. PROPERTIES OF MATTER 6 th Grade Matter Unit
  • 2. Characteristic Properties
    • The properties that are most useful in identifying a substance are its characteristic properties.
    • Remember the difference between physical and chemical properties.
    • Physical properties can be observed! (with your eyes!) IDENTITY OF SUBSTANCE DOES NOT CHANGE!
    • You can observe chemical properties only in situations in which the identity of the substance could change.
  • 3. Types of Properties
    • Physical : properties that can be observed without changing the IDENTITY of the matter
    • A physical property is a property or characteristic of and object or substance that can be observed, described, and measured without changing the matter.
    • Chemical: property of a substance that changes it into a NEW substance (changes the identity of the substance)
    Biological: properties of that distinguish living from nonliving matter (growing, moving, reproduce, breathing, responding)
  • 4. What are physical properties?
    • A physical property is a property or characteristic of and object or substance that can be observed, described, and measured without changing the matter.
  • 5. Mass
    • Definition:
    • The amount of matter
    • Example:
    • Triple beam balance to measure
    • Measured in gram units
  • 6. Volume
    • Definition:
    • how much space the matter takes up
    • Example:
    • Irregular objects: Water displacement
    • Regular objects use measurement
    • Liters or m 3
    • 1ml = 1cm 3
  • 7. Density
    • Definition:
    • Mass per unit volume
    • Example:
    • D=M/V
    • g/l, g/ml, or g/cm 3
    • Lead is used for fishing weights because it is more dense than water
  • 8. More information about density...
    • Density = The amount of matter in a given space or volume
    • Density = m Mass
    • v Volume
  • 9. More information about density...
    • Most substances have a unique density:
    • Water = 1.00 g/mL
    • Gold = 19.32 g/mL
    • (See page 13 in your book for a bigger list)
    • Density < 1 - The object will float in water
    • Density > 1 – The object will sink in water
  • 10. The Magic Triangle
    • Answers are expressed in g/cm 3
    • or g/mL
    m D V
  • 11. State
    • Definition:
    • The form in which matter exists: solid, liquid, gas, or plasma
    • Ice = Solid
    • Water = Liquid
    • Helium = Gas
    • Lightning = Plasma
  • 12. Important Temperatures
    • Melting Point: The temperature when a solid becomes a liquid.
    • Boiling Point: The temperature when a liquid becomes a gas.
    • Freezing Point: The temperature when a liquid becomes a solid.
    • Condensation Point: The temperature when a gas becomes a liquid.
  • 13. State
  • 14. Color
    • Definition:
    • The ability to reflect color
    • Example:
    • Apples – reflect red or green light
    • Dog – white with black spots
    • Hair – blonde or black
    • Berries – black, red, blue
    • Smoke – white or black
  • 15. Odor
    • Definition:
    • The smell or non smell of matter
    • Odorless, flowery, spicy, nauseating, sweet
  • 16. Clarity
    • Definition:
    • The ability for light to pass through matter
    • Transparent : all light passes through
    • Translucent : some light passes through
    • Opaque : no light passes through
  • 17. Luster
    • Definition:
    • The ability to reflect light
    • Shiny : more reflection
    • Dull : less reflection
  • 18. Form
    • Definition:
    • The structure in the matter
    • Regular: patterned, cellular, crystalline
    • Irregular – no pattern
  • 19. Texture
    • Definition:
    • Describing the surface of the matter
    • Examples of textures:
    • Rough -
    • Smooth -
    • Sharp -
    • Soft -
    • Hard -
    • Bumpy -
  • 20. Brittleness
    • Definition:
    • The ability to break or shatter easily
    • Example:
  • 21. Thermal Conductivity
    • Definition:
    • The ability to transfer thermal energy (heat) to something else
    • Example:
    • Coffee in a special cup to prevent heat transfer to our hands
  • 22. Electrical Conductivity
    • Definition:
    • The ability to conduct electricity (the atoms allow their electron to move or flow)
    • Example:
    • Metals and non metals
    • Conductors – good conductivity
    • Insulators – no conductivity
  • 23. Viscosity
    • Definition:
    • The ability for matter to flow
    • Example:
    • Viscous and non- viscous
    • Syrup, oil, water all have different viscosities (ml/s)
  • 24. Hardness
    • Definition:
    • The ability to resist scratching
    • The Mohs Hardness Scale:
    • 1 talc
    • 2 gypsum
    • 3 calcite
    • 4 fluorite
    • 5 apatite
    • 6 orthoclase
    • 7 quartz
    • 8 topaz
    • 9 corundum
    • 10 diamond
  • 25. Malleability
    • Definition:
    • The ability to be pounded into thin sheets
    • Example:
    • Aluminum can be pounded flat to make aluminum foil
  • 26. Ductility
    • Definition:
    • The ability to be drawn into thin wires
    • Example:
    • Copper is used to make wires
  • 27.
    • Example:
    • Drink mix dissolves in water or sugar dissolves in coffee
    Solubility
    • Definition:
    • The ability for one substance to dissolve into another substance
  • 28. Physical Changes
    • A physical change is a change that affects one or more physical properties of a substance.
    • Physical changes do not form new substances! EX: ice melting or sugar dissolving
    • Physical changes are easy to undo.
  • 29. Chemical Properties
    • property of a substance that changes it into a NEW substance (changes the identity of the substance)
    • Chemical properties describe a substance based on its ability to change into a new substance with different properties.
    • Chemical properties cannot be observed with your senses.
    • Chemical properties aren’t as easy to observe as physical properties.
    • Examples of chemical properties: flammability and reactivity
  • 30. Chemical Properties
    • property of a substance that changes it into a NEW substance (changes the identity of the substance)
    • Chemical properties describe a substance based on its ability to change into a new substance with different properties.
    • Chemical properties cannot be observed with your senses.
    • Chemical properties aren’t as easy to observe as physical properties.
    • Examples of chemical properties: flammability and reactivity
    • Ex: wood burns to form ash and smoke
  • 31. Chemical Properties
  • 32. Chemical Changes
    • A chemical change occurs when one or more substances are changed into entirely new substances with different properties.
    • You can observe chemical properties only when a chemical change might occur!
    • Examples of chem. changes:
    • baking a cake
    • rusting
  • 33. Clues to chemical changes
    • Color change
    • Fizzing or bubbling (gas production)
    • Heat
    • Production of light, sound, or odor.
    • Chemical changes are not usually reversible!

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