Limited class time and teacher resourcesGrade level curriculum expectationsBelow level abilities below level reading skills + grade level curriculum frustration & failure!
…Study guides…a guide used to study
1. Classified students (special education)2. Students receiving basic skills services3. Students with “504 Plans”4. English Language Learners (ELL)5. Students living in impoverished environments
Common IEP AccommodationsProvide study guidesUse of study guidesProvide study guide three days before quizzes/testsPreview concepts prior to lessonsProvide models
Accommodation?Study guides are not “answer keys” to test questions.
Background Information… Study guides can make a major contribution to learning: - enables students to make the best use of available learning opportunities - study guides tailor opportunities to meet specific learning needs -study guides support development of effective study skills necessary to be independent learners. Haarden, Laidlaw & Hesketh, 1999
Background Information… The emphasis in a study guide is on the process of learning, and not on content. The guide advises students about what they should be learning and how they should be learning, rather than simply being a source of informationHaarden, Laidlaw & Hesketh, 1999
Background Information… Struggling older readers require more time, practice, and discussion to achieve adequate progress. (Fletcher, Lyons, Fuchs, Barnes, 2007)
Morphological/Structural Analysis Approach… Affixes in text sections to develop word meaning Visual Sentence) Syllabicationto assist with fluency anpronunciation
Time Management… Students develop “To Do” lists throughout school year
Highlighting…Highlighting practice development are very important to include in study guides
After Class Presentation Follow up Activities
Visualrepresentationsof key concepts
Student Feedback…A sampling of student comments by students whoeventually voluntarily requested study guides:Student 1: “Just come to my house, Mrs. K-F and you will see them[study guide]all over my room; of course I use them!”Student 2: “Mrs. K, can’t you tell? My grades are better. Ofcourse, I use them [study guides], but not every part, just the parts Ineed.Student 3: “I use them to review and to write out my notes.”
Student Feedback…Originally some students did not use the study guides. THEN …as the weeks progressed, students began to take the study guides… Why?They realized there was more to the study guides, and their grades improved.
References…Fletcher, Lyons, Fuchs, Barnes. (2007).Haarden, R. M., Laidlaw, J. M., Hesketh, E. A. AMEE MedicalEducation Guide No 16: Study guides-their use and preparation.(1999). Medical Teacher, Vol. 21, No. 3.Kenny-Foggin, E. Multisensory Study Guides: BeyondMemorization. (2011). Handouts from 2011 International DyslexiaAssociation Conference; Chicago, ILL.