Arts and Entertainment Journalists Arts and entertainment journalists are different from most other types of journalists because they are allowed more expressive freedoms. Unlike most people in other fields of journalism, arts and entertainment reporters are allowed and encouraged to make interpretations and form opinions about what they report on. “…arts reporters elevated themselves above the regular news journalist, suggesting that they must be able to not only write in an informed manner, but also „translate their passion and knowledge in a way that will both interest and inspire audiences/readers‟” (626)Source for information on arts and entertainment journalists
Culture of Critics• “Their professional identity is tied to their ability to pass judgment on cultural products, and their role in mediating the arts” (622).• “Arts reporters…do not fit comfortably into the professional category of the journalist” (623)• Three major “subprofessions” • Arts journalist (local and national) • Arts editor • Freelance critic
Culture of Critics Continued• “although the authority of critics often hangs in the balance, journalistic authority generally holds firm” (624)• What determines “authority”? • Size of audience • Journalistic platform • Passion for the subject • Education on the subject; specializing (ie a degree)
Advertising: Effects on Critics“The mass media exist for only two reasons. One is that people read us or watch us;the other is that people and companies use us to advertise. These are, of course,connected. If people dont read or watch us, advertisers wont use us. But ifadvertisers dont use us--for whatever reason--then we will lose our audiences.Advertising pays the bills. Newspapers, for example, receive 70 to 80 percent of theirrevenues from ads (circulation is most of the rest). If ads evaporate, the mass mediawont be able to afford the programs and news staffs that attract audiences.”Personal narrative from freelance journalist:"The problem is that a lot of editors see criticism as an adjunct of marketing. Theyrehappy only when its a positive review, because then you have a writer whos withthe program," says Charles Taylor, a critic of film, books, and music who untilrecently contributed to the Newark Star-Ledger on a freelance basis. According toTaylor, he nearly lost one of his gigs (not his gig at the Star-Ledger, which waseliminated in a mass purge at the paper last year) because he wrote a critical reviewof a popular movie.“ Theres a common point of view," he explains. "You dont assigna review to someone who doesnt like the work. Oh, really? Thats publicity; thats notcriticism. There is a pressure on the critic to be positive, and, in terms of print, atleast, its tied to advertising dollars."
Tabloid Entertainment Journalists: A Different Set of Ethics“I was waiting in the checkout line atthe market and on the cover of atabloid was a picture of KobeBryants accuser. Not exposing arape victim is something we learn inJournalism 101.” -Jeff Alan (author of “Responsible Journalism”) in Television Week Picture Source
The Nature of Arts and Entertainment Journalism• “When it comes to ethics in journalism, the ugly usually grabs the headlines.” -Robert Leger in Quill
Lorne Manly (seen on the left), the entertainment editor of The New YorkTimes answered viewers‟ questions about entertainment coverage. Anaspiring arts journalist asked for career advice, and Manly respondedindicating the future for arts and entertainment journalists is bleak.
Possible research• Leonardo DiCaprio interviews Bill Clinton