Politics in the early American Republic  Mahogany Mathis
<ul><li>When you think of early America , what comes to mind?  </li></ul><ul><li>Maybe white wigs and old men. Benjamin Fr...
<ul><li>All those are elements of the early republic. The thing about it is it is much deeper than that. </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>What I want to explain is a topic very few people go into detail about .  </li></ul><ul><li>Dare I say ? </li></ul...
POLITICS  !  (And the early parties of course)
Understanding the topic <ul><li>In order to understand the early political system of America , you have to understand exac...
Some key terms <ul><li>In order to get this there are some things you should know if you don’t already. If you do just cli...
Parties? ( no dancing involved) <ul><li>So in our government there are these groups of people who have the same ideas and ...
Federalist  <ul><li>These people believed that the states should have little rights, meaning the big government could do a...
Republic <ul><li>A republic is part the politics series . A republic is when the people, or most of them , have supreme co...
State Rights <ul><li>These are rights that aren’t delegated by the federal government . This means that the federal govern...
Federal Government <ul><li>The federal government is the national government of the constitutional republic </li></ul>
These two guys <ul><li>So there was this one guy, his name was Thomas Jefferson , he believed in states rights and always ...
Hamilton continued… <ul><li>To top his plan off he wanted to create a bank of the united states.  </li></ul><ul><li>People...
Thomas Jefferson   Future 3 rd  president of the United States of America  Founding Father  1 st  secretary of the state  ...
A bit about Jefferson <ul><li>Thomas Jefferson believed in States rights . He also believed in an agrarian style governmen...
Democratic-Republicans <ul><li>When you see that term , Democratic-Republicans, you might think. Well wait , don’t they ha...
Views and Opinion  <ul><li>So there were people who believed that the government should have the final word and the only w...
Once upon a time…in a congressional session…. <ul><li>Jefferson came in one day to a joint session and he had his posse be...
What they look like now ….  <ul><li>So in 1792 the federalist party and the Democratic-Republican party was created  </li>...
Why am I telling you these things? <ul><li>As an analyzer of history it is my part to figure out the cause and effects. Am...
Jefferson’s Presidency  <ul><li>Let’s dive a little into the presidency of Thomas Jefferson </li></ul>
So why do I need to know about this? Again? <ul><li>Jefferson was one very important man. He was a serious puzzle piece to...
What’d he do that was so important ? <ul><li>I’m talking first term here :  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jefferson wa...
This Effect upon the Americas? <ul><li>For the 1 st  and 2 nd  presidents to be pro-federalism and the 3 rd  to be pro-sta...
<ul><li>Despite Jefferson’s anti-republic background . The Jeffersonian party kept a lot of the federalist fundamentals in...
Let’s analyze some more……. <ul><li>Jefferson’s terms were one of the most fundamental parts of America as I said before. N...
<ul><li>There is so much to be learned from the history of our country about our country. Only will we stop repeating it w...
Thank you
sources <ul><li>The textbook ( chapter 10,11 ) </li></ul><ul><li>History. com  </li></ul><ul><li>search : Thomas Jefferson...
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Politics in the early american republic

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Politics in the early american republic

  1. 1. Politics in the early American Republic Mahogany Mathis
  2. 2. <ul><li>When you think of early America , what comes to mind? </li></ul><ul><li>Maybe white wigs and old men. Benjamin Franklin ? Slavery ? The Declaration of Independence maybe ? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>All those are elements of the early republic. The thing about it is it is much deeper than that. </li></ul><ul><li>Early America was and is the foundation for present day America. It shaped the culture of today. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>What I want to explain is a topic very few people go into detail about . </li></ul><ul><li>Dare I say ? </li></ul><ul><li>The dreaded word …… ! </li></ul>
  5. 5. POLITICS ! (And the early parties of course)
  6. 6. Understanding the topic <ul><li>In order to understand the early political system of America , you have to understand exactly how new everything was to the Americans. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Some key terms <ul><li>In order to get this there are some things you should know if you don’t already. If you do just click continue . </li></ul>Parties Federalist Republic State rights Federal Government Continue….. Click the bolt to go back to this slide. Click continue when finished.
  8. 8. Parties? ( no dancing involved) <ul><li>So in our government there are these groups of people who have the same ideas and same morals. They form something called a party . In early America this wasn’t heard of. New things during this time usually came under serious fire ! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Federalist <ul><li>These people believed that the states should have little rights, meaning the big government could do anything thing they wanted . And they said, “the checks and balances in the new constitution would safeguard the people’s liberties.” </li></ul>
  10. 10. Republic <ul><li>A republic is part the politics series . A republic is when the people, or most of them , have supreme control over the government and offices of state are elected </li></ul>
  11. 11. State Rights <ul><li>These are rights that aren’t delegated by the federal government . This means that the federal government can’t tell a state it MUST do something, it can impose a penalty or an incentive , but never can it say you must. This is unconstitutional. Meaning it goes against what the constitution says. ( 10 th amendment ) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Federal Government <ul><li>The federal government is the national government of the constitutional republic </li></ul>
  13. 13. These two guys <ul><li>So there was this one guy, his name was Thomas Jefferson , he believed in states rights and always had conflicting views with this other man Alexander Hamilton. </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s talk a little about Hamilton … </li></ul><ul><li>So Hamilton was basically the snob of all snobs. No one really liked him because he was constantly sticking his nose in the affairs of all the other bureaus of the new government “ suggesting “ how things could and should be done . </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Hamilton was the Treasury secretary under the president George Washington. He was a brilliant man , when it came to numbers. But he has been deemed , “ The father of the National Debt “. His idea was that the federal government would take everyone's debt including it’s own [which totaled about $75 million ] and then he imposed a tariff of about 8% on the value of dutiable imports in order to acquire revenue for the Fed. Government. </li></ul>Alexander Hamilton
  14. 14. Hamilton continued… <ul><li>To top his plan off he wanted to create a bank of the united states. </li></ul><ul><li>People such as Thomas Jefferson & his Jeffersonian group saw this as unconstitutional and unnecessary, but in the long run Hamilton won that argument and the bank was created in 1791. </li></ul><ul><li>Yes he did revive the state of economy in 18 th century America. </li></ul><ul><li>But he also made a few rivals as well ! </li></ul><ul><li>One that is of great importance ! </li></ul>
  15. 15. Thomas Jefferson Future 3 rd president of the United States of America Founding Father 1 st secretary of the state -United States ambassador to France May ,1785 – December , 1793 -Delegate of the Congress of the Confederation November 1783 – May 1784 -2 nd governor of Virginia June 1775 – September 1776 Plantation owner ( yes, he owned slaves) I could go on …. ! And all around awesome ! Thomas Jefferson
  16. 16. A bit about Jefferson <ul><li>Thomas Jefferson believed in States rights . He also believed in an agrarian style government , him being a planter himself. He didn’t believe in all that business and legislating. Just simply , he believed in the people as the center of it all. He also believed the government shouldn’t be, “ fitted to a nation , as much as a coat to the individual” , as part of a Alex Hamilton quote says. No he felt more as if the government should be more of a parent. Who let’s there children make up their minds and intervene when necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>Yes Jefferson was a Democratic-Republican , and believed in the strict interpatation of the Constitution. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Democratic-Republicans <ul><li>When you see that term , Democratic-Republicans, you might think. Well wait , don’t they hate each other? Back in the 18 th century it was different Dem-Reps (as we will call them ) were more on the states rights side. They believed in the people and that the constitution shouldn’t be used as a tool or guideline, as Hamilton felt, but followed to the tee with no room for considerations. </li></ul><ul><li>They believed in many other things as well but I won’t go into detail about them. One important one that I feel isn’t as known as it should be is that they felt there should be NO SPECIAL FAVORS FOR BUSINESS OR MANUFACTURES. That topic would start an argument in itself. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Views and Opinion <ul><li>So there were people who believed that the government should have the final word and the only word and also business should be favored very highly as well as the wealthy elite ; these people were federalist. And others who believed in the states rights and an agrarian economy : dem-reps . </li></ul><ul><li>So obviously these two have conflicting views and opinions . Conflict isn’t always a bad thing. The conflict led to something we now know as political parties. </li></ul><ul><li>If you liked here’s a funny story on how it might have looked. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Click here </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Once upon a time…in a congressional session…. <ul><li>Jefferson came in one day to a joint session and he had his posse behind him. </li></ul><ul><li>He was all cool and stuff and people respected him. Hamilton was at the other end of the room sitting at the table with his snobby group , discussing something. So Jefferson, cane in hand, bashes Hamilton in his head. “ The states are our people and deserve the rights defined in the constitution ! “ he screamed. Everyone in his group agreed loudly . </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton slowly stands, seeing as he just got hit upside the head. “You are a foolish man Jefferson and I look down upon you , the government is the jacket and should be treated as such !” he says calmly. </li></ul><ul><li>His supporters rally up some yay’s from the crowd. </li></ul><ul><li> “ Let the people decide ! “ says Jefferson , “ everyone who supports me go to this side of the presidents desk, all others if you dare, go to the other.” </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone then goes to there appropriate sides and argue behind an imaginary line. </li></ul><ul><li>With this political parties are created ! </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The end </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. What they look like now …. <ul><li>So in 1792 the federalist party and the Democratic-Republican party was created </li></ul><ul><li>Just to help you understand more : </li></ul><ul><li>Federalist = Modern day Republicans </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic-Republican = Democrats </li></ul>Present day & past links !
  21. 21. Why am I telling you these things? <ul><li>As an analyzer of history it is my part to figure out the cause and effects. American Identity is always a topic of conversation brought up. What does the party system and the early politics tell us about the 18 th century America ? Well it tells us a lot of things mainly that politics had this underlying effect towards the establishment of this American republic. </li></ul><ul><li>Not only the party system, but the constitution had the biggest role ever. To me it is almost like the bible [ not to be religious ] but people have many different interpatate of it and feel that it should be used in many different ways. Some feel that is should be followed to the tee. </li></ul><ul><li>These things I feel created the separation of people in America into not just social categories , but the newly created , political categories. This separation caused change within the government and the citizens of the early states. Separation isn’t always a bad thing. Sometimes this bring us closer together , than it does farther apart. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Jefferson’s Presidency <ul><li>Let’s dive a little into the presidency of Thomas Jefferson </li></ul>
  23. 23. So why do I need to know about this? Again? <ul><li>Jefferson was one very important man. He was a serious puzzle piece to this big jigsaw named America. He was said to have been one the rare politicians who dared to legislate as though eternal peace was at hand, in a world torn by wars and convulsions and drowned in blood. [Henry Adams] </li></ul><ul><li>He established many democratic principals within the united states government and people. </li></ul><ul><li>“ long tom” Jefferson did many things within his presidency that established a solid foundation upon which American continues to build on to this day. </li></ul>
  24. 24. What’d he do that was so important ? <ul><li>I’m talking first term here : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jefferson was the president who initiated the Louisiana purchase from France in 1803 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He sent Lewis and Clark on there expedition ( you know , Sacagawea ?) in 1804-1806 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pardoned the Alien & Sedition Act offenders </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Naturalization law of 1803 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And many many many more things </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>I have no ambition to govern men ; it is a painful and thankless office - Thomas Jefferson
  25. 25. This Effect upon the Americas? <ul><li>For the 1 st and 2 nd presidents to be pro-federalism and the 3 rd to be pro-states/ anti-federalism created more of this separation I was talking about within the early Americas. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Despite Jefferson’s anti-republic background . The Jeffersonian party kept a lot of the federalist fundamentals instilled in the government . Such as Hamilton's financial system to increase revenue within the American government. </li></ul><ul><li>We could go on and on and ON about the Jeffersonian terms and what occurred in them but for the sake of time and energy and your brain , we wont. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Let’s analyze some more……. <ul><li>Jefferson’s terms were one of the most fundamental parts of America as I said before. Not only were the things he did fundamental , but the political party system was as well. It created this variation within the government that , at the time , a lot of other governments lacked. These new things that America was building on made it become this envious place. The “to be” place of the 18 th and 19 th centuries. I can’t stress how important the American identity is, not just to Americans, but the democratization process of the world , past and present. The simple foundations we built upon, such as , states rights or the bill of rights ( for all people ! ) are something that other systems seemed to lack at the time. They lacked including the people. I feel that is the reason so many people disliked the federalist movement, it was almost as if they were back at square one with the British ruling over them unfairly, even though the federalist used loosed interpatations of the constitution to justify their doings. It still didn’t make it right , and tyranny is definitely not acceptable in any form in America. This time period is so important towards the understanding of America , old and new. </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>There is so much to be learned from the history of our country about our country. Only will we stop repeating it when we learn and understand it. The American identity is forever changing with the times. It will never stay the same, although I feel that it will always have the basic principles of the pursuit of happiness, life, and liberty. </li></ul><ul><li>That is what America was built on , and that is what America will stay on. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Thank you
  30. 30. sources <ul><li>The textbook ( chapter 10,11 ) </li></ul><ul><li>History. com </li></ul><ul><li>search : Thomas Jefferson </li></ul><ul><li>search: Alexander Hamilton </li></ul><ul><li>search : </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sparknotes.com/biography/jefferson/section13.rthml </li></ul>

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