I am not sure what to put on this slide for visual reference, so I put something I thought be interesting but I still feel as if it’s lacking in some way…?
Talkin About My Generation
Size is an especially distinctive characteristic of the baby boom cohort. Therewere actually 76 million births in the United States from 1946 to 1964,inclusive, the 19 years usually called the "baby boom." (By contrast, therewere only 66 million births, in a larger U.S. population, during the 19 yearsfollowing the baby boom, which included the baby bust of the 1970s.)Cohorts can be distinguished not only by their place in history (period oftime) but by their composition and character. Composition can vary in racial,gender and ethnic. A common example would be a cohort born in the early19th century would consist of many immigrants of European ancestry whilea cohort born in the 1970’s may consist of immigrants of a Hispanic ancestry. Cohorts vary by family structure as well. Currently among women aged 85- 89, 25% of these women are childless and another 25% have only one child still living. By 2015, more than two-thirds of very old women will have 2 children or more. This may mean the potential for more family support through their aging process.
Understanding cohorts can help people discover the valuesof each group of people, which helps different age groupsrelate to one another and share ideas.Each generation has its own influences that affect its valuessystem. People do not have to agree with the values ofanother generation, but they can strive to understand themind-set of that group and how it sees the world. Understanding different cohorts will help nurses, social workers and healthcare professionals have a better understanding for the reasons behind various concerns and issues of each cohort.
Play the video (left above) to note how this panel breaks down the cohorts by theirvalue systems and how both the previous and the future cohorts have shaped thesevalue systems.Contrast it with how the second video (right above) interviews younger people andolder people and how they relate with one another…or don’t.*Note: If you do not see the videos right away, please double-click your left mousebutton anywhere over the black area.
1927-1938 1938-1947 1947-1964 The Swing Cohort The Silent Cohort The Baby Boom CohortA “period effect” is when members of a cohort are born at the same time, have similar life experiences, and they can alsobe affected by the same historical events. The events in this and the proceeding timelines were chosen because the eventsseemed to be adequate representations of the time period. As you read through next six slides, you will see the events thatmay have had effects on the characteristics of the swing, silent and the boomer generation.
The first babies of the The last babies of the Silent cohort are born. Swing cohort are born U.S. Stock Market Crashes; – the first were born Launches Depression in 1902. U.S. stock market prices collapse—first phase of Sir Alexander Fleming Womens right to vote Depression and world Discovers Penicillin secured economic crisis; 1 in 4 His discovery sparked to the Womens suffrage (19th) Americans unemployed. movement to modern amendment was This also resulted in a antibiotics; this would createsuccessfully ratified allowing population decline as a decrease of childhood women in the U.S. to vote people were less inclined to illnesses and an increase the for the first time have more children. lifespan of many people. 1919 1927 1928
Social Security Act is Signed into Law U.S. government creates firstuniversal social insurance plan for retired workers. Taxes were World War II Begins collected for the first time in Minimum Wage Enacted in U.S. The most devastatingJanuary 1937 and regular ongoing On October 24, 1938, the war of human history; monthly benefits started in minimum wage is established began when Germany January 1940. by law in the United States. invaded Poland. 1935 1938 1939
Women’s Factory Takeover and Military Services Survivor Benefits Added to the American women were recruited to Social Security Act Pearl Harbor is Bombed male-dominated trades; womens An amendment to the act added American Naval Base Pearl Harbor military services were established insurvivors benefits and benefits for is attacked. This attack brought the 1942. Famous picture of ‘Rosie the the retirees spouse and children United States into World War II. Riveter’ is published. 1939 1941 1942
Roosevelt’s Second Bill of Rights World War II Ends More than 2.5% of human populationRoosevelt suggested that the nation had The oldest of the Silent killed in WWII; the baby boomcome to recognize, and should cohort turn 18. The begins, leading to over 76.4 millionimplement a second “economic bill of “baby boomers” in the United States first baby boomers arerights” which included employment with by 1964. born.fair wages, medical care and education.The Development of the United Negro The Nuremberg TrialsCollege FundOn April 25 1944, the UNCF became A series of trials set toAmerican philanthropic organization that right the wrongs by Nazifunded scholarships for black students and miltary and politcalgeneral scholarship funds for 39 private leaders by charginghistorically black colleges and universities. them with war crimes. 1944 1945 1946
Social Security AddsDisability Benefits John Glenn Goes to Space John F. Kennedy Elected to U.S.SS began to provide Presidency John Glenn becomes themonthly benefits to first American to orbit the Elected as the youngest U.S.permanently and totally Earth. President; assassinated two yearsdisabled workers aged 50- after inauguration.64. 1956 1961 1962
In 1963, the last of In 1965, Medicare is added Kent State Shootings the Silent cohort to the Social Security Act. In response to a protest turn 18. The last of The act ensured universal against the Vietnam War, the baby boomers health coverage for anyone the Ohio National Guard are born in 1964. over 65. Also the Older opened fire and killed 4 students. Americans Act was signedCivil rights movement for into law.African-American rightsswells in the Southern In the same year,United States; Martin the first U.S. combatLuther King gives his “I troops arrive inHave A Dream Speech”. Vietnam. 1962-1964 1965 1970
• The oldest-old (85 and older)• The middle-old (75-84)• The young-old (65-74)
Currently Aging Cohorts’ Characteristics and Composition : The Oldest-old (85 and older)• The oldest-old are actually the fast-growing cohort. in 2010, they represented 4.7 percent of the older population.• Whites represented 88.1 percent of the total 90-and over population.• Social Security represents almost half of total personal income for the 90+. The poverty rate for the 90+ is higher than that for those aged 65–89.• Women aged 90+ outnumber 90+ men nearly 3 to 1. Over 80 percent of the 90+ women are widowed• Difficulty doing errands alone and mobility- related limitations are the two most common types of disability for the 90+.
• Described as having characteristics such as being grave, fatalistic, but conventional and hard-working (thinking back to our timeline what events would have created such characteristics?)• Often described as caught between the “get it done” mindset of the old cohort and the out-to-change the world mindset of the young-old cohort.• 81% of all older Americans (65 and older)• 79% are non-Hispanic whites• The average annual income for a woman in this age bracket is $25773 and for a man it is $47983.• Today’s 75-year-old man is the same “age” as a 68-year-old man in 1970. Thus, 75 is the new 68 (see graph on the right)
• This population will be the most diverse population of old people (see the chart on the bottom right)• Focused on personal fulfillment and are willing to question authority• Most educated of the older population• More people living; many of whom are single, older women without children
Concern over healthcare delivery (traditional medicine vs. alternative medicines) Concern over economic costs of living (fewer savings than previous generations) and retirement age as well as unemployment has increased Interest or willingness towards using new technology (computers, cell phones, etc.) Interest in healthy eating and exercise Less religious than people older than their parents; more religious than their children More tolerant than their parents of social changes; less than their children