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Power, Authority, and Government.ppt

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  • 1. The Nature of Power, Politics, and Government Learning Outcomes1. Understand why it is important to care about power, politics, and government.2. Evaluate and rate multiple „power quotes‟ using the rating scale provided in class.3. Create a chart that portrays the five “political games” that are commonly played in politics.
  • 2. Kickoff Question: Nature of Power, Politics, and Government
  • 3. Focus Question: Nature of Power, Politics, and Government
  • 4. The Nature of Power, Politics, and Government History: Most Americans Distrust Gov… Still…We Look to Gov. to Provide For Us Formal Authority = Legal and OfficialLegitimacy = We ‘Accept’ That They LeadJohn Locke = Social Contract = Give to Get How Can Gov. Give Us What We Want?A Gov. Must Use Coercion and Collect $$$Politics= People Work to Influence Groups Politics = Competition = A Game Why Should You Care About Power, Politics, and Government?
  • 5. Processing “ Our scientific power has outrun our spiritual power. We have guided missiles and misguided men. ” Martin Luther King Jr. Strength to Love, 1963The quote above is… 1 2 3 4 5Never True Seldom True Sometimes True Often True Always True 8
  • 6. Processing “ Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. ” Lord Acton Letter to Bishop Mandell Creighton, 1887The quote above is… 1 2 3 4 5Never True Seldom True Sometimes True Often True Always True 9
  • 7. Processing “ It is not power that corrupts but fear. Fear of losing power corrupts those who wield it and fear of the ” scourge of power corrupts those who are subject to it. Aung San Suu Kyi “Freedom from fear” speech, 1990The quote above is… 1 2 3 4 5Never True Seldom True Sometimes True Often True Always True 10
  • 8. Processing “ Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun. ” Mao ZedongThe quote above is… 1 2 3 4 5Never True Seldom True Sometimes True Often True Always True 11
  • 9. Processing “ Above all, we must realize that no arsenal, or no weapon in the arsenals of the world, is so formidable ” as the will and moral courage of free men and women. Ronald Reagan First Inaugural Address, 1981The quote above is… 1 2 3 4 5Never True Seldom True Sometimes True Often True Always True 12
  • 10. Processing “ When I despair, I remember that all through history the ways of truth and love have always won. There have been tyrants, and murderers, and for a time they ” can seem invincible, but in the end they always fail. Mohandas GandhiThe quote above is… 1 2 3 4 5Never True Seldom True Sometimes True Often True Always True 13
  • 11. Processing “ When the power of love overcomes the love of power, the world will know peace. ” Jimi HendrixThe quote above is… 1 2 3 4 5Never True Seldom True Sometimes True Often True Always True 14
  • 12. Processing “ This country has been strip-mined by rich and powerful interests. If you don’t ” like what they’re doing, don’t just sit there. Ralph Nader 1992The quote above is… 1 2 3 4 5Never True Seldom True Sometimes True Often True Always True 15
  • 13. Processing “ The men who create power make an indispensable contribution to the Nation’s greatness, but the men who question power ” make a contribution just as indispensable. John F. Kennedy Speech at Amherst College, 1963The quote above is… 1 2 3 4 5Never True Seldom True Sometimes True Often True Always True 16
  • 14. Game Description Example
  • 15. Game Description Example Horse Trading Give up something in Missouri Compromise exchange for something of equal or greater value. Win-win situation. Walkout Walk out and refuse to return Cesar Chavez and the until the opposition agrees to Grape Strike give them something they want. Power Struggle Trying to win by outfoxing or Cuban Missile Crisis overpowering their opponents. A Machiavelli idea.Demolition Derby The goal is complete Roman Army destruction of your opponent. Third Punic War Eliminate real and perceived enemies.Civil Disobedience Publicly shame the opposition Mohandas Gandhi by deliberately disobeying what they think is an unjust law.
  • 16. Exit Slip: Nature of Power, Politics, and Government
  • 17. Five Sources of Power Learning Outcomes1. Construct a diagram that shows the five sources of power commonly used by people in a position of authority.2. Read the primary source document by Machiavelli titled “The Prince”, and answer questions based on your analysis of the document.
  • 18. Kickoff Question: Five Sources of Power
  • 19. Focus Question: Five Sources of Power
  • 20. ExpertiseFormal Authority Coercion Persuasion Rewards
  • 21. Expertise Power derives from the power holder’sFormal Authority specific skills or CoercionPower comes from Power springs from expertise. the holder’s the power holder’sposition and duties ability to punish orwithin organization. penalize others. Persuasion Rewards Power flows from Power comes fromthe power holder’s the power holder’sability to persuade ability to giveor influence others. something of value. (such as money)
  • 22. Comparing Forms of Government Learning Outcomes1. Evaluate various ways that political power is distributed in a society.2. Design a visual that explains and analyzes the pros and cons of various forms of government around the world.3. Use your pro and con visual to sketch symbols that represent the seven different forms of government.
  • 23. Kickoff Question: Comparing Forms of Government
  • 24. Focus Question: Comparing Forms of Government
  • 25. Comparing Forms of GovernmentAll Societies Develop Gov.- Simple or Not? Many Forms and Varieties of Gov. Monarchy: Rule by 1 Hereditary RulerTheocracy: Rule by Few Religious LeadersSingle-Party: Political Elite (Communism) Direct Democracy: Rule by ALL CitizensParliamentary Dem: Legislative Majority President Dem: Rep. of People (US) Federalism: National, State, Local How Should Political Power Be Distributed in a Society?
  • 26. Term Definition Pro Con Monarchy Dictatorship TheocracySingle-Party StateDirect Democracy Parliamentary Democracy Presidential Democracy
  • 27. Term Definition Pro Con Monarchy 1 rule exercises power Clear line of Quality of leadership based on divine right. succession. can vary. Dictatorship 1 ruler based on control 1 person can get Power can be used to of military and police. things done quickly. abuse citizens. Theocracy Government by religious 1 Religion promotes Religious minorities leaders. political unity. often persecuted.Single-Party State 1 political party allowed Easier to pass laws. People with different to govern. views shut out.Direct Democracy Citizens vote directly by Each citizen has an Very time-consuming ballot. equal say. for citizens. Parliamentary Voters elect lawmakers, Majority votes with No real ‘check’ on Democracy lawmakers choose leader Prime Minister. Prime Minister. Presidential Voters elect lawmakers Separation of Power Gridlock when Pres. Democracy and elect President. allows ‘check’. not from maj. party.
  • 28. Exit Slip: Comparing Forms of Government

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