The Scramble For AfricaLearning Outcomes1. Define imperialism and explainmotivations for colonization in theindustrial era.2. Build a chart identifying four factorsthat helped to promote imperialism.3. Create three movie titles to helpsummarize the scramble for Africa.
Kickoff Question: The Scramble For Africa
Main Idea: The Scramble For Africa
Imperialism: Strong Conquer the WeakEmpires Proved National GreatnessAfrica Was Divided Yet Rich In ResourcesBelgium Claims Congo: 80 X’s Size CountryInd. Rev. = Need New Markets, ResourcesTransportation, Guns, Medicine, Division4 Factors Helped Promote ImperialismMissionaries: ‘Civilize’ & ‘Westernize’Social Darwinism: Some Races are BetterWhy Countries Wanted / Needed ImperialismThe Scramble for Africa
Factors PromotingImperialismHow It Helpedthe ColonistsSimple Illustrationof Each Factor1. Steam BoatTransportation2. New GunTechnology3. New MalariaMedicine Invented4. Tribes wereDivided & SpokeDifferent Languages
Factors PromotingImperialismHow It Helpedthe ColonistsSimple Illustrationof Each Factor1. Steam BoatTransportationAllowed Europeans totravel deep in to Africausing rivertransportation.2. New GunTechnologyAfricans had outdatedweapons and were nomatch for the machinegun.3. New MalariaMedicine InventedProtected Europeansfrom deadly Africandisease spread bymosquitoes.4. Tribes wereDivided & SpokeDifferent LanguagesDiscouraged andprovided a barrier tounity between Africantribes.
Kickoff Question: The Scramble For Africa
We have been talking recently about European Imperialism and howit spread to Africa and Asia in the late 1800’s. Africa was a largetarget because it held vast amounts of natural resources thatEuropean powers wanted to claim (copper, gold, diamonds).This competition ultimately led to a mad dash to claimvaluable land and territory. This game resembles the‘Scramble for Africa’.Each group will create a name and a flag for their country. No namesalready in existence and no dots on flags (yes I know about Japanand no you still can’t do it). Your flags will represent whatyour country has “claimed”. You have 3 minutesto make as many flags as possible.When the music starts you must claim as many resources with yoursticky note flags as possible. You may not remove anothercountries flag. Once it’s claimed, it’s claimed.
The Berlin ConferenceLearning Outcomes1. Discuss why it was necessary forEuropean countries to meet in Berlin tocreate rules for the division of Africa.2. Analyze a political cartoon of thedivision of Africa. Then sketch anillustration of what you think theBerlin Conference looked like.3. Examine a map of Africa before andafter colonization and answer questionsabout the impact of imperialism.
Kickoff Question: The Berlin Conference
Main Idea: The Berlin Conference
• Competition for colonies was so fierce that Europeancountries feared war among themselves.• To prevent conflict, 14 European nations met at theBerlin Conference to lay down rules for the division ofAfrica. They agreed that any European country couldclaim land in Africa by notifying other nations of itsclaim and showing it could control the area.• The European nations divided the continent with littlethought about how African ethnic groups weredistributed. No African ruler was invited to attendthe conference.
1. Which countrieswere fighting forposition in Africa?2. How did the BerlinConference lead tothe situation shownin this cartoon?3. Draw your ownsimple sketch ofwhat the BerlinConference mighthave looked like.
What is the main difference between the two maps?What part did the Berlin Conference play in the map on the right?What happened to the independent African states by 1914?According to the map on the right, which European country had the most territory?
Percentage of Africa Controlled by European Countries in 1914• What percentage of Africa was colonized by 1914?• According to the graph, Which 2 countries held the most territory in Africa?• What percentage of Africa was controlled by the rest of the countries?• Think about it: Would the borders of colonial Africa have been the same ifthere had never been a Berlin Conference? Explain your answer!
Exit Slip: The Berlin Conference
Forms of ImperialismLearning Outcomes1. Investigate multiple forms of imperialism thatdeveloped during colonization and explorehow different colonies tried to resist Europeanrule.2. Draw a two column chart that examines thepositives and negatives of imperialism inAfrica from the perspective of the colonies.3. Write a speech that you might deliver tocolonial rulers expressing your views onEuropean imperialism in Africa.
Kickoff Question: Forms of Imperialism
Main Idea: Forms of Imperialism
Forms &MethodsResistance ImpactPositive Negative
Forms &MethodsResistance ImpactColony Protectorate Sphere of Influence Economic ImperialismPositive NegativeCountry governedinternally by aforeign power.Under power ofa country, but canrule themselves.Outside power onlyallowed to tradewith 1 country.Free countrycontrolled bybusinesses.
Forms &MethodsResistance ImpactColony Protectorate Sphere of Influence Economic ImperialismMilitary Religious EthiopiaPositive NegativeCountry governedinternally by aforeign power.Under power ofa country, but canrule themselves.Outside power onlyallowed to tradewith 1 country.Free countrycontrolled bybusinesses.
Forms &MethodsResistance ImpactColony Protectorate Sphere of Influence Economic ImperialismMilitary Religious EthiopiaPositive NegativeCountry governedinternally by aforeign power.Under power ofa country, but canrule themselves.Outside power onlyallowed to tradewith 1 country.Free countrycontrolled bybusinesses.TransportationEducationSanitationProductsDiseasesLoss of LifeFamineGovernmentsCulture
Exit Slip: Forms of Imperialism
China Resists Outside InfluenceLearning Outcomes1. Summarize how Western economicpressure forced China to open toforeign trade and influence.2. Make a chart that portrays internal andexternal problems in China prior toinfluence from the West.3. Write a dialogue between two Chineseadvisors- one arguing for isolation, theother arguing for openness to foreigninfluence and trade.
Kickoff Question: China Resists Outside Influence
Main Idea: China Resists Outside Influence
China Not Impressed by “Gifts”Self-Strengthen China - Education, MilitaryChina Was Self Sufficient-Food, Mining, SilkBritain Trades Opium - Fights & Wins WarOver Population, Opium Abuse, RebellionChina Creates Constitutional MonarchyBoxer Rebellion No Foreigners- NationalismU.S. Says ‘Open Door’-No Colonies AllowedOther Nations Step in When China WeakWhen Other Countries Want In, China Says NoChina Resists Outside Influence
Internal External- Growing Population- Food Production / Hunger- Peasant Rebellion- Debate: How to Rule Country- Opium Abuse- Self-Sufficient or Not?- Countries Want Markets- No Developed Military: Weak- Opium Trade