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# 3 Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution


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  • 1. The Scientific RevolutionLearning Outcomes1. Discuss the theories and contributions ofCopernicus, Galileo, Bacon, and Newton, withregards to the Scientific Revolution.2. Explore how a shift in thinking took place fromthe “old science” perspective to the “newscience” perspective when attempting toexplain the physical world.3. Design a Scientific Revolution billboard thatadvertises and promotes the following:Geocentric Theory, Heliocentric Theory,Galileo’s Telescope, and Newton’s Law ofGravity.
  • 2. Kickoff Question: The Scientific Revolution
  • 3. Main Idea: The Scientific Revolution
  • 4. Old Ideas From Greece, Rome & ChurchGalileo’s Telescope Explores UniverseOld Idea = Geocentric or Earth CenteredNavigation, Explorers Help Fuel Sci. RevCopernicus= Heliocentric: Sun CenteredScientific Instruments, Medicine, BodyIsaac Newton’s Laws of GravityBacon: Experiment - Descartes: MathScientific Method: Way of Testing IdeasA “New Science” Changes Views of the Physical WorldThe Scientific Revolution
  • 5. Old Science New Science
  • 6. Old Science New ScienceScholars generallyrelied on ancientauthorities, churchteachings, commonsense, andreasoning toexplain the physicalworld.In time, scholarsbegan to useobservation,experimentation,and scientificreasoning to gatherknowledge anddraw conclusionsabout the physicalworld.
  • 7. Activity Directions:1. Create a billboard sign foreach of the ScientificRevolution events orconcepts listed on the left.2. Your billboard shouldadvertise for theacceptance of thatparticular idea.3. Include a brief slogan ortitle on your billboard.4. Be neat, Add Color.
  • 8. Exit Slip: The Scientific Revolution
  • 9. The Enlightenment in EuropeLearning Outcomes1. Explain how a revolution in intellectualactivity changed Europeans’ view ofgovernment and society.2. Build an Enlightenment Thinkers Chart thatexplores the contributions of key figuresfrom the era.3. Organize the views of various Philosophersby creating an illustrated graphic organizerthat summarizes Enlightenment conceptsand ideas.
  • 10. Kickoff Question: The Enlightenment in Europe
  • 11. Main Idea: The Enlightenment in Europe
  • 12. Humans have theability to use reasonand logic.Time for people tofocus on the worldlyhere and now.Use reason to findlaws the govern thephysical world.If we can find lawsthat govern nature,then can we find lawsthat govern HUMANNATURE?If all problems insociety can be solved,then we can create aheaven here on earth!
  • 13. Enlightenment = The Age of ReasonMontesquieu: Checks and BalancesHobbes: Social Contract - MonarchyLocke: Life, Lib, Prop. Gov Protect RightVoltaire: Freedom of Religion & SpeechProgress, Secular World, IndividualWollstonecraft: Women’s EqualityBeccaria: Punishment Fit the CrimeRousseau: Direct Democracy-Soc. Cont.Reason, Thought, and the Power of the IndividualThe Enlightenment in Europe
  • 14. Enlightenment Thinkers ChartEnlightenment Thinker ContributionThomas HobbesJohn LockeVoltaireMontesquieuRousseauWollstonecraft
  • 15. Next to each of the philosophers, draw a visual representation of each of their ideas. Finally,give your visual a one or two word title to represent that image/philosopher.HobbesLockeVoltaireMontesquieuRousseauBeccariaWollstonecraftCycle ofEnlightenmentPhilosophers
  • 16. Exit Slip: The Enlightenment in Europe
  • 17. The Enlightenment SpreadsLearning Outcomes1. Understand how Enlightenment ideas spreadthrough the Western world and discuss howthose ideas profoundly impacted governmentand the arts.2. Show how Enlightenment ideas laid thefoundation for the U.S. Constitution byexamining the document and creating a twocolumn visual.3. Construct a birthday poster for the UnitedStates. Include quotes and visuals thatdemonstrate key Enlightenment ideals onwhich the nation was founded.
  • 18. Kickoff Question: The Enlightenment Spreads
  • 19. Main Idea: The Enlightenment Spreads
  • 20. Ideas Spread Through SalonsClassical Music Emerges (Beethoven)Denis Diderot Creates EncyclopediaLiterate Middle Class Reads IdeasFrom Baroque to Neoclassical (Simple)Catherine the Great: Beccaria, Rouss.Joseph II: Freedom of Press, No SerfsFrederick the Great: Education, ReligionEnlightened Despot: Monarch w/ RightsNew Ideas on Equality and Rights ExpandThe Enlightenment Spreads
  • 21. Enlightenment Idea U.S. ConstitutionJohn Locke: Government’s powercomes from consent of the people-Preamble begins “we the people”.-Creates representative government-Limits government powersMontesquieu: Separation of Powers -Federal system of government-Powers divided among 3 branches-System of checks and balancesRousseau: Direct Democracy -Public elects president & CongressVoltaire: Free speech and religion -Bill of Rights provides for freedomof speech and religionBeccaria: Accused have rights -Bill of Rights protects rights ofaccused and prohibits cruel andunusual punishment
  • 22. Activity Directions Create a birthday poster topresent to the United Statesthis July 4th. Your poster should includeimages or quotes thatdemonstrate the ideals uponwhich the nation wasfounded. Use examples from your“Enlightenment Influence inAmerican Revolution” chartin your birthday card.
  • 23. Exit Slip: The Enlightenment Spreads