The church was very rich and powerful during the Middle Ages. The church was organized like a government with laws. It even collected its own taxes. Some of these taxes went to help the poor. Most of the taxes were spent to build beautiful churches. The nobles and the church worked together to control the common people. They wanted everyone to practice Christianity in a certain way. Cologne Cathedral - the largest church in Germany
All Medieval people believed that God, Heaven From the very earliest of and Hell all existed. ages, the people were taught that the only way they could get to Heaven was if the Roman Catholic Church let them. Everybody would have been terrified of Hell and the people would have been told of the sheer horrors awaiting for them in Hell in the weekly services they attended.
Peasants worked for free on Church land. It was difficult for peasants as the time they spent working on Church land, could have been better spent working on their own plots of land producing food for their families. Peasants paid 10% of what they earned in a year to the Church. This tax could be paid in either money or in goods produced by the peasant farmers. As peasants had little money, they almost always had to pay in seeds, harvested grain, animals etc. This usually caused a peasant a lot of hardship for the following year. If a peasant failed to pay their taxes, they were told by the Church, would lead to their souls going to Hell after they had died.
You also had to pay Whichever way you for: looked, the Church ◦ Baptisms - if you were not baptized you could received money. not go to Heaven when you died. ◦ Marriages - there were no couples living together in Medieval times as the Church taught that this equaled sin. ◦ Burials - you had to be buried on holy land if your soul was to get to heaven.
Being a monk was one way to stay alive during the Middle Ages. Some young nobles became monks to avoid a life of constant battling. Monks lived in monasteries or abbeys. They worked and prayed. Women could also serve a religious life as a nun. ◦ The first nun was St. Claire. She was a good friend of St. Francis of Assisi who was a member of the Franciscan Brothers. St. Francis felt all living creatures on the earth were special. Monks were often teachers who taught noble children. Some monks worked the land of the monastery, growing vegetables, herbs, and fruit. Some even had the job of praying for everyone else.
Almost all the churches that were built during the Middle Ages were made of stone. A little wood was used on these churches. It was used on the ceilings, floors, and doors. The early churches were built in the Roman style with round arched roofs. Worcester Cathedral Later the churches were built in the Gothic style with tall pointed towers. These churches grew so large that many collapsed within a century or less after their construction.
http://library.thinkquest.org/10949/fief/lochurch.html http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/medieval_church.htm http://francisandclare.net/orders_monks.html http://theonlinebibleschool.net/mod/resource/view.php?id=179 http://www.learner.org/interactives/middleages/religion.html http://www.mce.k12tn.net/middleages/church.htm http://www.medievalhistory.net/build~g1.htm Pictures from Google