The simple present

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The simple present

  1. 1. THE SIMPLE PRESENT
  2. 2. VERB TO BE IS HE SHE IT ARE YOU WE THEY AM I
  3. 3. TO BE (aff, neg,int.) Are you ? are not are You/we/ they Is he ? is not is He/she/it Am I ? I am not am I Questions Negative Affirmative
  4. 4. VERB TO HAVE HAS HAS (got) HE SHE IT HAVE (got) I YOU WE THEY
  5. 5. TO HAVE (aff, neg,int.) HAVE HAVE? HAVE? HAVE HAS Does he He doesn´t He He/she/it Do I I don´t . I have I/you/ we/they Questions Negative Affirmative
  6. 6. ALL OTHER VERBS (affirmative) S INFINITIVE HE SHE + IT INFINITIVE I YOU WE + THEY
  7. 7. EXCEPTIONS TO THE RULE <ul><li>Verbs can, may, might , must don't add s . </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs ending in o or ch, sh, s, x add es . </li></ul><ul><li>Consonant + y ie </li></ul>INFINITIVE +S
  8. 8. NEGATIVE and INTERROGATIVE forms <ul><li>Negative sentences and questions are formed with the auxiliary verb </li></ul>DO.
  9. 9. NEGATIVE FORM DON’T + INFINITIVE DOESN’T + INFINITIVE He DOESN’T live here. He/she/it + You DON’T live here. I/you/ we/they
  10. 10. INTERROGATIVE FORM DO/ DOES + S + INFINITIVE? INFINITIVE? He/she/it DOES INFINITIVE ? I/you/ we/they DO
  11. 11. USE <ul><li>Facts known to be true . </li></ul><ul><li>Action in the present taking place once, never or several times . </li></ul><ul><li>Actions in the present taking place one after another . </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs expressing states, possession, senses, emotions and mental activity . </li></ul><ul><li>Action set by a time table or schedule . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Signal Words <ul><li>Always </li></ul><ul><li>every ... </li></ul><ul><li>often </li></ul><ul><li>normally </li></ul><ul><li>usually </li></ul><ul><li>sometimes </li></ul><ul><li>seldom </li></ul><ul><li>every (week,day,year). </li></ul>
  13. 13. EXERCISES <ul><li>TO BE </li></ul><ul><li>TO HAVE </li></ul><ul><li>TO HAVE (NEGATIVE AND QUESTIONS) </li></ul><ul><li>SIMPLE PRESENT ( AFFIRMATIVE ) </li></ul><ul><li>SIMPLE PRESENT (NEGATIVE) </li></ul><ul><li>SIMPLE PRESENT QUESTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTIONS WITH INTERROGATIVES </li></ul>

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