Relative clauses
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Relative clauses

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Relative clauses Relative clauses Presentation Transcript

  • RELATIVE CLAUSES MARISA VIESCA
    • There are two kinds of relative clauses:
    • Defining Relative Clauses
    • Non-Defining Relative Clauses
  • Defining Relative Clauses
    • They give detailed information , defining a general term or expression.
    • They are not put in commas .
    • They are often used in definitions .
    • Do you know the girl who is talking to Tom?
    • (It is exactly that girl , not any girl).
  • NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
    • They are used to give extra information about the person o thing in the main clause.
    • We put commas before and after the clause.
    • This construction is fairly formal and more common in written than in spoken English.
    • Jim, who/whom we met yesterday , is very nice.
    • ( extra information about Jim )
  • DON´T FORGET that…
    • A relative clause starts with a relative pronoun.
    • Relative pronouns do not vary for singular or plural , masculine or feminine .
  • RELATIVE PRONOUNS
  • Subject pronoun or object pronoun?
    • If the relative pronoun is followed by a verb , the relative pronoun is a subject pronoun . Subject pronouns must always be used .
    • The book WHICH is on the table
    • S . V.
    • If the relative pronoun is followed by a noun or pronoun , the relative pronoun is an object pronoun and it can be dropped in defining relative clauses , which are then called Contact Clauses .
    • The book ( WHICH ) you bought yesterday
    • O . pronoun
    • A relative adverb can be used instead of a relative pronoun plus preposition . This often makes the sentence easier to understand.
    • This is the shop in which I bought my bike. -> This is the shop where I bought my bike.
    RELATIVE ADVERBS
  • EXERCISES
    • EXERCISE ON RELATIVE PRONOUNS
    • SUBJECT PRONOUN OR OBJECT PRONOUN
    • RELATIVE PRONOUNS, NECESSARY OR NOT?
    • RELATIVE ADVERBS
    • DEFINING OR NON-DEFINING?
    • NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
    • TEST 1 TEST 2 TEST 3 TEST 4