Relative clauses

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Relative clauses

  1. 1. RELATIVE CLAUSES MARISA VIESCA
  2. 2. <ul><li>There are two kinds of relative clauses: </li></ul><ul><li>Defining Relative Clauses </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Defining Relative Clauses </li></ul>
  3. 3. Defining Relative Clauses <ul><li>They give detailed information , defining a general term or expression. </li></ul><ul><li>They are not put in commas . </li></ul><ul><li>They are often used in definitions . </li></ul><ul><li>Do you know the girl who is talking to Tom? </li></ul><ul><li>(It is exactly that girl , not any girl). </li></ul>
  4. 4. NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES <ul><li>They are used to give extra information about the person o thing in the main clause. </li></ul><ul><li>We put commas before and after the clause. </li></ul><ul><li>This construction is fairly formal and more common in written than in spoken English. </li></ul><ul><li>Jim, who/whom we met yesterday , is very nice. </li></ul><ul><li>( extra information about Jim ) </li></ul>
  5. 5. DON´T FORGET that… <ul><li>A relative clause starts with a relative pronoun. </li></ul><ul><li>Relative pronouns do not vary for singular or plural , masculine or feminine . </li></ul>
  6. 6. RELATIVE PRONOUNS
  7. 7. Subject pronoun or object pronoun? <ul><li>If the relative pronoun is followed by a verb , the relative pronoun is a subject pronoun . Subject pronouns must always be used . </li></ul><ul><li>The book WHICH is on the table </li></ul><ul><li>S . V. </li></ul><ul><li>If the relative pronoun is followed by a noun or pronoun , the relative pronoun is an object pronoun and it can be dropped in defining relative clauses , which are then called Contact Clauses . </li></ul><ul><li>The book ( WHICH ) you bought yesterday </li></ul><ul><li>O . pronoun </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>A relative adverb can be used instead of a relative pronoun plus preposition . This often makes the sentence easier to understand. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the shop in which I bought my bike. -> This is the shop where I bought my bike. </li></ul>RELATIVE ADVERBS
  9. 9. EXERCISES <ul><li>EXERCISE ON RELATIVE PRONOUNS </li></ul><ul><li>SUBJECT PRONOUN OR OBJECT PRONOUN </li></ul><ul><li>RELATIVE PRONOUNS, NECESSARY OR NOT? </li></ul><ul><li>RELATIVE ADVERBS </li></ul><ul><li>DEFINING OR NON-DEFINING? </li></ul><ul><li>NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES </li></ul><ul><li>TEST 1 TEST 2 TEST 3 TEST 4 </li></ul>

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