Present perfect

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  • 1. THE PRESENT PERFECT HAVE / HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE
  • 2. The Present Perfect
    • He HAS just FOUND A four-leaf clover.
    THE PRESENT PERFECT
  • 3. Form of the Present Perfect Has + Subject + past participle has not + past participle has + past participle He She It Question Have + Subject + past participle Negative have not + past participle Positive have + past participle I You We They
  • 4. EXAMPLES
    • AFFIRMATIVE :
    • He HAS BOUGHT a skateboard.
    • INTERROGATIVE:
    • HAS Bart BOUGHT a bike?
    • NEGATIVE:
    • He HASN´T bOUGHT a bike, he has
    • bought a skateboard,
  • 5. PAST PARTICIPLES
    • For regula r verbs, just add “ ed ”.
    • He has finish ED.
    • For irregular verbs, use the participle form (see LIST OF IRREGULAR VERBS , 3rd column).
    • They have EATEN
  • 6. Use of Present Perfect
    • Action still going on :
    • School has not start ed yet.
    • Action that stopped recently :
    • She has cook ed dinner.
  • 7. Use of Present Perfect
    • Finished action that has an influence on the present :
    • I have lost my key.
    • Action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking :
    • I have never been to Australia
  • 8. Signal Words of Present Perfect
    • Already
    • Ever
    • Just
    • Never
    • Yet / Not yet
    • For
    • Since
    • So far
    • Till now
    • Up to now
  • 9. Exercises on Present Perfect
    • HAVE OR HAS?
    • POSITIVE SENTENCES
    • NEGATIVE SENTENCES
    • QUESTIONS
    • TEST 1 on PRESENT PERFECT
    • TEST 2 on PRESENT PERFECT
    • TEST 3 on PRESENT PERFECT