Present perfect

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Present perfect

  1. 1. THE PRESENT PERFECT HAVE / HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE
  2. 2. The Present Perfect <ul><li>He HAS just FOUND A four-leaf clover. </li></ul>THE PRESENT PERFECT
  3. 3. Form of the Present Perfect Has + Subject + past participle has not + past participle has + past participle He She It Question Have + Subject + past participle Negative have not + past participle Positive have + past participle I You We They
  4. 4. EXAMPLES <ul><li>AFFIRMATIVE : </li></ul><ul><li>He HAS BOUGHT a skateboard. </li></ul><ul><li>INTERROGATIVE: </li></ul><ul><li>HAS Bart BOUGHT a bike? </li></ul><ul><li>NEGATIVE: </li></ul><ul><li>He HASN´T bOUGHT a bike, he has </li></ul><ul><li>bought a skateboard, </li></ul>
  5. 5. PAST PARTICIPLES <ul><li>For regula r verbs, just add “ ed ”. </li></ul><ul><li>He has finish ED. </li></ul><ul><li>For irregular verbs, use the participle form (see LIST OF IRREGULAR VERBS , 3rd column). </li></ul><ul><li>They have EATEN </li></ul>
  6. 6. Use of Present Perfect <ul><li>Action still going on : </li></ul><ul><li>School has not start ed yet. </li></ul><ul><li>Action that stopped recently : </li></ul><ul><li>She has cook ed dinner. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Use of Present Perfect <ul><li>Finished action that has an influence on the present : </li></ul><ul><li>I have lost my key. </li></ul><ul><li>Action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking : </li></ul><ul><li>I have never been to Australia </li></ul>
  8. 8. Signal Words of Present Perfect <ul><li>Already </li></ul><ul><li>Ever </li></ul><ul><li>Just </li></ul><ul><li>Never </li></ul><ul><li>Yet / Not yet </li></ul><ul><li>For </li></ul><ul><li>Since </li></ul><ul><li>So far </li></ul><ul><li>Till now </li></ul><ul><li>Up to now </li></ul>
  9. 9. Exercises on Present Perfect <ul><li>HAVE OR HAS? </li></ul><ul><li>POSITIVE SENTENCES </li></ul><ul><li>NEGATIVE SENTENCES </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>TEST 1 on PRESENT PERFECT </li></ul><ul><li>TEST 2 on PRESENT PERFECT </li></ul><ul><li>TEST 3 on PRESENT PERFECT </li></ul>

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