Deputy Minister Offices in each of the 8 Andalusian provinces Secretary General School planning Human Resources Teacher training Infrastructure and equipment Occupational and Adult Education Participation and Solidarity in Education Almería Cádiz Córdoba Granada Huelva Jaén Málaga Sevilla Curriculum, Instruction and Assessment Minister The Andalusian Ministry of Education
Andalusian Education System University Baccalaureate Compulsory Secondary Education Initial Vocational Training (+16, -21) Primary Education Preschool Education University Entrance Exam Middle Grade Vocational Professional Training Superior Grade Vocational Professional Training Com pulsory education 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
If you have to take a course again, you can only do it once per cycle. If you have already done so, you will be automatically promoted to the next educational level.
The Andalusian Educational System has specialised Spanish language and culture teachers and an welcome programme for immigrant pupils and a programme for the conservation of their native language and culture , with which it aims to provide normal schooling for foreign pupils, respecting their culture of origin .
A few notes on the education system Andalusian Education System
CURRICULAR DIVERSIFICATION PROGRAMME : For those students who are in the 2nd cycle and can´t get the educational objectives because of different reasons but they have a good learning attitude and try hard. Students can do the whole 2nd cycle within this programme, and some other students will join it in the last year of the cycle, depending on each individual case. They share common subjects with other students who have a coomom curricula but they go to another class just for them in Linguistics and Communication, Mathematics and World knowledge.
Those students who didn´t manage to obtain their Compulsoray Secondary Education Certificate and they are over 16 and under 21 can enrol in a programme that mixes basic skills in mathematics, reading and writing, general knowledge and vocational training. This programme is undergoing revision and it is about to disappear as another programme called INITIAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING will shortly start.
At the end they will be able to get the CERTIFICATE.
ASSESSMENT IN SECONDARY EDUCATION.
You have to take the year again if you fail more than two subjects but if you fail Spanish language and literature and Mathematics you cannot pass to the next academic level.
Textbooks are free in primary school and secondary school: the school buys them with the money the government gives for it. Students cannot write on them, so students have to buy the workbooks. Some parents prefer their children to underline while studying and they refuse to be part of the programme for free textbooks.
Financial issues: schools receive different amount of money depending on: number of students but especially depending on the different projects they school is enrolled in: if it is an ICT school, if it has a Vocational Training Cycle, etc.
PRIMARY EDUCATION AREAS 1ST CYCLE 2ND CYCLE 3RD CYCLE Environmental, social and cultural knowledge 175 /5 175 /5 140 /4 Artistic Education 105 /3 105 /3 105 /3 Physical Education 105 /3 105 /3 105 /3 Spanish language and literature 315 /9 280 /8 280 /8 Foreign Language 105 /3 140 /4 140 /4 Maths 175 /5 210 /6 175 /5 Religion 105 /3 105 /3 105 /3 Citizenship and Human Rights Education - - 50 /1,4 TOTAL 1.085/31 1.120/32 1.100/31,4
SECONDARY EDUCATION 3** - - - PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY 3** - - - COMPUTERS 3** - - - TECHNOLOGY 1 2 UP TO THE SCHOOL (2) 30 30 30 30 TOTAL 1 1 1 1 TUTORIALS 4 4 4 4 SPANISH LANGUAGE 3** - - - BIOLOGY AND GEOLOGY 3** - - - LATIN - 3 3 - TECNOLOGY 3** - 4* 4* MUSIC 3** - - - 2ND FOREIGN LANGUAGE 3** - 4* 4* VISUAL ARTS - 2 2 2 OPTIONAL (1) 2 2 2 2 PHYSICAL EDUCATION 1 2 1 1 CATHOLIC RELIGION 2 - - - CIVICS 3 3 3 3 SOCIAL SCIENCES - 1 - - CITIZENSHIP - 4 3 3 NATURAL SCIENCES 4 4 3 4 MATHS 4 4 3 4 ENGLISH FOURTH THIRD SECOND FIRST
The current Spanish educational legal framework is called LOE (Organisational Education Law), it was passed in May 2006. In that national law the eight different basic competence domains for lifelong learning of the European Reference Framework for education are set out.
The PISA report showed a couple of years ago that Spanish students were not doing very well in some basic skills related linguistic and mathematics skills. Following the advice of the European Union for all its countries as regards lifelong learning and the eight competences all the educational systems in Europe should deal with, Spain incorporated the idea of competences to the system and regulated it by law.
In Spain the BASIC COMPETENCES are regulated within a legal framework just for Compulsory Education in all the national territory: PRIMARY and SECONDARY Education.
For the other levels like PRE-SCHOOL or POSTSECONDARY LEVEL there is no legal framework that regulates basic competences.
In Spain, regional governments adapted that law to their needs and created their own Regional Educational Laws as regards competences, although these can never contradict the national law (LOE).
Andalusia (the southern region of Spain) also has its own regional government and in December 2007 passed its new educational law called LEA (Andalusian Educational Law) although the part dealing with the basic competences is the same as the national one.
These are the competence equivalence between the European Guidelines and the Spanish competences set out in the Educational Decrees
HOW COMPETENCES ARE BEING DEALT WITH IN THE SPANISH EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
Competences have been made part of the Curriculum of Primary and Secondary educational levels and they are perfectly integrated. They have started this academic year in the 1 st /2 nd year of Primary Education and 1 st and 3 rd year of Secondary Education.
Their implementation will take place progressively (next academic year 3 rd and 4 th year of Primary Education, and 2 nd and 4 th year of Secondary Education). So the results of this new teaching according to competences is still to be seen.
Every area of Knowledge in primary and secondary education deals with each of the eight competences. They are regulated by law and how the competences are enhanced in each area is set out by law.
Special emphasis on developing LINGUISTIC COMPETENCE: Reading, writing and oral production. Weekly Reading time established in all the schools both primary and secondary.
Let´s have a look at the following chart and the relation between competences and primary school subjects.
X X X X X X X X XX X X Arts Education X X X XX X X X Entrepreneurship XX X X X X X X XX Learning to learn X X X X Cultural expression X X X X X X X X X X X XXX Interpersonal and civic competences X X X X X Digital Competence X X X X X X X X Science and Technology lireracy X X X X X Maths literacy XX X X X X X X XX X X XX XXX Lingusitic communication MATHS Foreign language Spanish Language Citizenship Human rights Physical Education Environmental, social... Knowledge
MEANS TO DEVELOP COMPETENCES In the classroom In the centre Methodology Objectives, Contents and Assessment criteria in the curricula Extra curricular activities Educational Resources Tutorials Working rules
MEANS TO DEVELOP COMPETENCES. HOW EDUCATIONAL AUTHORITIES TRY TO DEVELOP KEY COMPETENCES IN SCHOOLS?
Through the teaching of the different subjects in the curricula.
Through a number of Educational Programmes schools can apply for and laws:
Bilingual Programme developing linguistic competence (mother language and foreign language competence).
Reading and School Library Programme developing mother language competence.
Reading time compulsory en every subject.
Increase in the school budget to create a good library.
Projects that are financed to develop reading skills but group of teachers in schools.
ICT School Programme to develop digital competence.
Improvement Programmes in which schools design a plan to follow to improve their learning results throughout a period of time.
EXTERNAL : Diagnosis tests every year at the end of the 2nd cycle of primary school and the 1st cycle of secondary education. The tests are meant to check the linguistic and math competence´s grades but they do not count fo the students.
INTERNAL: Exams by teachers. These exams will be part of the student´s final grade.