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Comparative an superlative adjectives 8º y Iº  ppt
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  • 1. COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES BY M. LUISA GUZMÁN
  • 2.
    • COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES
    • When we want to compare two things,
    • or two groups of things, we use a
    • comparative form + than.
    • Ex:
    • I’m taller than my father.
    • Canada is larger than Brazil.
    • DVDs are more expensive than CDs.
    • His watch is better than mine.
  • 3.
    • With short adjectives (1 syllable), we
    • normally add “ER”.
    • Ex:
    • Cold Cold er.
    • Long Long er.
    • Clever Clever er.
    • If the adjective ends in “E” , we add
    • only “R”.
    • Ex:
    • White White r.
    • Safe Safe r.
  • 4.
    • If the adjective ends with consonant
    • + y , we change the y into i and add “ER”
    • Easy Eas ier.
    • Early Earl ier.
    • Happy Happ ier.
    • Heavy Heav ier.
    • 5) If the adjective ends in one vowel +
    • one consonant , we double the final
    • consonant and add “ER”.
    • Big Big ger.
    • Fat Fat ter.
    • Slim Slim mer.
    • For adjectives ending in “W” add “ER”.
    • Slow Slow er.
  • 5.
    • With longer adjectives (2 syllables or
    • more) we DON’T change the adjective –
    • we put MORE in front of it.
    • Ex:
    • Expensive more expensive.
    • Boring more boring.
    • Hard-working more hard-working.
    • Fluent more fluent.
    • Some adjectives are irregular-they have a different comparative form.
    • Good Better.
    • Bad Worse.
    • Far Further.
  • 6.
    • We can modify the comparison, by
    • using:
    • Much
    • Far
    • A lot
    • A little
    • A bit
    • Ex:
    • This film is much better than the book.
    • His pronunciation is far worse than mine.
    • He walked a bit further than last week.
  • 7.
    • COMPARISON OF ADVERBS
    • To compare adverbs, we use the same rules
    • as we do when we compare adjectives.
    • With short adverbs, we add “ER” or “R”
    • and than after the adverb.
    • Late Late r
    • Hard Hard er
    • Fast Fast er
    • 2) For adverbs ending in ly, use “more”
    • Quickly more quickly
    • Loudly more loudly
    • Angrily more angrily
    • Quietly more quietly
  • 8.
    • Some adverbs are irregular.
    • Well Better.
    • Badly Worse.
  • 9. SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS
    • Use superlative adjectives to compare 3 or
    • more people or things.
    • Use superlative adverbs to compare 3 or
    • more ways of doing something.
    • For most short adjectives and adverbs
    • add “the” and –est.
    • Light the light est.
    • Fast the fast est.
  • 10.
    • For short adjectives and adverbs
    • ending in –e add the and st.
    • Close the clos est.
    • Late the lat est.
    • To make superlative adjectives:
    • For adjectives ending in –y, take away
    • the y and add -iest.
    • Heavy the heaviest.
  • 11.
    • For adjectives ending in 1 vowel and 1
    • consonant (except W), double the
    • consonant , add the and –est.
    • Hot the hottest.
    • New the newest.
    • For adjectives with 2 or more syllables
    • add the and most.
    • Exciting the most exciting.
    • Boring the most boring.
  • 12.
    • To make superlative adverbs:
    • 6) For adverbs ending in –ly add the and
    • most.
    • Quickly the most quickly.
    • Some adjectives and adverbs are
    • irregular.
    • Good better the best
    • Bad worse the worst
    • Well better the best
    • Badly worse the worst