Wednesday, October 26, 2011Literature: Finish “All Summer in a Day” New Story “The Tell-Tale Heart”
Housekeeping• Answer Keys• QUICK grammar questions; please post lengthy grammar questions to the forum
“All Summer in a Day”Do you have any vocabulary questions? (5 min.)Sample sentences for “tumultuously” (adv.)The young girl ran tumultuously through the busy street.Her thoughts raced through her mind tumultuously.Things were scattered tumultuously around the room.My room was tumultuously cluttered.Also:They had a tumultuous love affair that was hot one minute and cold the next. (adj.)The room was in a tumult (n.)
“All Summer in a Day” Reviewing Story Elements• In pairs, discuss areas of uncertainty• You have approximately 10 minutes• We will review together• Be prepared to answer if I call on you
Reviewing Story ElementsPoint of viewIs the story told from first person or third person?Does this affect how we view the protagonist?How?-3rd person (objective) – the narrator is not in thestory; the narrator talks about the characters usinghe/she.-we learn about the characters from the narrator’spoint of view-we get a lot of information about the protagonist -more realistic/unbiased than first person – but wedon’t get “inside” the protagonists head
Reviewing Story ElementsSettingWhere and when is the story set?• Venus, 1 day of sunshine after 7 years of rain, elementary classroom, underground city• What about an island? “the storms were tidal waves over the islands” This could be literal or figurative. [literal – the words mean exactly what they say – islands on Venus figurative – the words are a symbol for something else - to show size of storms]How does this setting affect the story? Does the story have to take place in thissetting?• dramatic setting creates the character’s mood that couldn’t be in any setting• the setting makes you relate/connect to the story• Teacher’s Note: the story could be set somewhere else and have different events but the same conflict and theme. It needs to take place somewhere where the protagonist is an outsider who is not accepted by society.
Reviewing Story ElementsCharactersIs the main character• flat or round? (Do we know much about the character?)• Round- evidence: realistic – complex, prone to mood swings, it seems to me she has bipolar tendancies *p.93 “when the class sang songs . . .” “only when they sang about the sun and summer did her lips move”, “isolated”, quiet (“she never moved her lips”) – she’s calm, she’s depressed, she’s sensitive, she’s creative, she’s, stubborn, peaceful, weak• dynamic or static? (Does the character undergo a change in their beliefs or outlook?)No – we do not have any evidence that she has changed• What about other characters in the story?Yes – they are dynamic – they didn’t understand or believe Margot before but now they do; they regret what they’ve done.
Reviewing Story ElementsConflictWhat kind of conflict(s) is/are present in the story? Internal or External? What type(character vs. . . .)Both internal and external.Internal-Margot vs. herself - Margot doesn’t want to be on Venus but she has to; she resists itthough. -p.93 – Margot stood alone, she was frail, she looked as if she had been lostin the rain for years . . .-Does she truly have an internal conflict? She is not struggling with two choices.Yes (see next slide) – but you should be able to express it as “Character vs. theirfeelings about something”External-Margot vs. the other students-Margot vs. her environment-Margot vs. society
http://www.dowlingcentral.com/MrsD/area/literature/Terms/conflict.htmInternal Conflict.• A struggle that takes place in a characters mind is called internal conflict. For example, a character may have to decide between right and wrong or between two solutions to a problem. Sometimes, a character must deal with his or her own mixed feelings or emotions.http://www.ehow.com/facts_6146668_definition-external-vs_-internal-conflict.htmlInternal Conflict – Internal conflict is complication that happens within a character; it may be a moral dilemma the character is facing, or it may take the shape of a choice or a desire. As author Kurt Vonnegut said, "Every character should want something, even if it is only a glass of water.“• Significance – Internal conflict creates individuality for a character; it sets her apart from the rest of the story and gives a motivation for choosing certain actions. It can also be directly related to external conflict.
Reviewing Story ElementsForeshadowingDoes the writer give any clues or hints about what might happenat the end of the story (outcome)? What are they?p. 91 “The children peered out . . . the hidden sun”– foreshadows that there is a desire for the sun to appearp. 92 “They hated her difference and her possible future.”– p. 94 “What are you waiting for, you won’t see anything.”- both foreshadow the children’s actions against Margot.
Reviewing Story ElementsOutcomeIs the ending positive or negative for the main character?Negative-she was bullied into the closet – she might be traumatized-misses seeing sunPositive-she is released unharmed from the closet-other children may / probably understand her better and not be as likely to isolate and bully her as they did before.
Reviewing Story ElementsThemeWhat is the author’s message about people who act like the main character? What ishe saying about people who act like the other characters?If someone is naïve* it can be harmful for him or herself.Dreamers or people with certain differences can be rejected by others.Discrimination can lead to violence.We shouldn’t judge in ignorance.Difference can lead to isolation.Stubbornness can lead to isolation.In a conflict others have a chance to understand us if we let them have it their way.Truth is always held by very few people and those people know the truth are easilyhurt by others.People usually learn after a negative situation.*This probably needs to be explained in more detail.
Handing back: “The Wedding Guest” Questions• Review the marks and my commentsIn future:• State your answer in your own words.• Then use story details or quotes to prove your point.
Use of Quotes• Use in moderation – one or two good, well-explained quotes are better than several unexplained quotes.• Introduce the quote clearly, including who said it and in what situation.• Explain what the quote shows or how it connects to your answer.
Example 1 (weak)I think the narrator would say she is a flexibleperson “. . . it wasn’t easy, but I’m used to itnow.”
Example 2 (better)I think the narrator would say she is an honestperson. She shows us this characteristic on p. 33“. . . tell the person the truth, for their owngood.”
Example 3 (best)The narrator thinks she is better than otherpeople. In the story she says “the women whohave a friendly cup of coffee are an odd bunch.”When she knew Mrs. Clarke dressed up for anunreal wedding, she said, “The old girl was ascrazy as a bedbug.” From these words, I can tellshe looks down on other people.
In-class Activity – For Discussion• Complete Question 3 and 4 on your own.• (5 marks each = /10 marks)• Title your work “All Summer in a Day” – Questions.• Write your name on the top right hand corner.• Time: 45 minutes