E10 oct24 2011


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E10 oct24 2011

  1. 1. Monday, October 24, 2011 Grammar: Run-ons Writing: Process Paragraphs
  2. 2. Housekeeping• Next Monday – Grammar Quiz – Fragments (English Skills, Chapter 23) – Run-ons (English Skills, Chapter 24)
  3. 3. 5:35 – 6:15 p.m.Run-Ons, p. 431Q: What is a run-on?A: Two complete thoughts “run together” without a sign that there is a break between them.
  4. 4. Types of Run-Ons, p. 431There are two types of run-ons:1. Fused sentencesEx: My grades are very good this semester my social life rates only a C.2. Comma splicesEx: My grades are very good this semester, my social life rates only a C.
  5. 5. Correcting Run-Ons, p. 432-440There are four methods of correcting a run-on:1. Use a period and a capital letter to break the two complete thoughts into separate sentences.Ex: My grades are very good this semester. My social life rates only a C.
  6. 6. Activity 2, p. 433,Do #2 and 42. . . . not so healthy. Many are made . . .4. . . .night. His wife . . .Activity 12. . . the dentist’s drill. It buzzed like . . .4. . . .never stop growing. They will eventually. . .
  7. 7. Correcting Run-Ons, p. 4352. Use a comma plus a joining word to connect the two complete thoughts.Ex: My grades are very good this semester, but my social life rates only a C.
  8. 8. Activity 5, p. 436Do #1 and 3.1. . . . to the party, but her mom didn’t give her permission.. . .the party, for it was her prom party.3. . . .dark and rainy, but she decided to go jogging anyways.. . .The day was dark and rainy, so I was not using (did not use) my car.. . . ., so I was afraid of going out.
  9. 9. Correcting Run-Ons, p. 436-4393. a) Use a semi-colon to connect the two complete thoughts.Ex: My grades are very good this semester; my social life rates only a C.
  10. 10. Activity 6, p. 437Do # 1 and 3.1. I spend eight hours a day in a windowless office; it’s a relief to go out into the open air after work.3. It rained all week; parts of the highway were flooded.
  11. 11. Correcting Run-Ons, p. 436-4393. b) Use a semi-colon with a transition to connect the two complete thoughts.Ex: My grades are very good this semester; however, my social life rates only a C.
  12. 12. Transitions to use with Semicolonscontrast: however, nevertheless, on the other handaddition: also, in addition, moreover, furthermor ecause-effect: as a result, thus, therefore, consequ entlySee p. 438 for more. . .
  13. 13. Activity 7, p. 438Do #2 and 4.2. . . . new CD; however, she didn’t succeed . . .. . . moreover, she didn’t succeed . . .. . . indeed, she didn’t succeed . . .. . . nevertheless, she didn’t4. . . . wedding; instead, they used their money for a nice honeymoon.. . . wedding; therefore, they used . . . .
  14. 14. Correcting Run-Ons, p. 4394. Use subordination (make one clause dependent by adding a dependent word at the beginning or in between the complete thoughts).Ex: Although my grades are very good this semester, my social life rates only a C.Ex: My grades are very good this semester although my social life rates only a C.
  15. 15. Activity 9, p. 4401. Do #1 and 3.1. Since / Because / When / After / we emerged from the darkened theatre, it took several minutes for our eyes to adjust to the light.3. I can’t study for the test this weekend because /if /since /as my boss wants me to work overtime.
  16. 16. Break
  17. 17. Exemplification Paragraphs• Briefly review your mark and my comments.• Return to me. I still need to input the grades.• I will return this work to you again next Monday when we study revision.
  18. 18. Writing – Intro Activity (5-7 min.)1. Explain the steps or stages in one of the following processes to a classmate:• how I make coffee (or another simple drink)• how to open a bottle of champagne• the stages in a relationship
  19. 19. Process ParagraphA process paragraph describes theprocess, method, or steps a reader would needto follow to make or do something. Ex: making an omelette Ex: overcoming an addiction
  20. 20. Process ParagraphWhen writing a process paragraph you need to• give all the steps needed (don’t leave out steps you think are obvious but that the reader might not know)• put extra thought into the order you give the details or steps• use appropriate transition words to help the reader follow the steps (First, second, next, also, then, later, after, now, finally, etc.)• if relevant, explain why certain steps are important or how they should be done• use a consistent point of view (first person -“I” or second person “you”)
  21. 21. Process Paragraphs, p. 192-195• Let’s look at some sample process paragraphs now.
  22. 22. Questions, p. 194-195About Unity1. “Sneaking into the House at Night”2. 5, 6About Support1. 5
  23. 23. Questions, p. 194-1954.a. realize you are not to blameb. announce that you will no longer accept being abusedc. offer to go with him or her to talk to a counsellord. leave your partner
  24. 24. Questions, p. 194-195About Coherence5. time order6. first, Second, Next, (Finally)
  25. 25. 7:15 p.m. In-class Assignment• Do Writing Assignment #1 on p. 198-201.• Follow the step-by-step instructions, including the prewriting steps a. to e.• Hand in all your work.Marks:• Prewriting /5• Paragraph /20
  26. 26. Homework – for next weekFor next Monday:Study for Grammar Quiz• Fragments (English Skills Chapter 23)• Run-Ons (English Skills Chapter 24)• Online Practice (See “Grammar Practice” link)• No new paragraph topic for next week; we will be working on revision.