December 8, 2010 Literature: “The Tell-Tale Heart”
Housekeeping Any more novels to return? School Christmas Party on Monday 12-2 Class “Party” Wednesday, Dec. 15th bring food music? I will bring some games
Intro to Short Stories Usually contain a limited number of characters Focus on one main character, or protagonist, who faces one or more conflicts The plot (events) occurs during a short period of time. The outcome or resolution usually has a positive or negative impact on the main character.
Intro to Short Stories The outcome or resolution usually has a positive or negative impact on the main character. As a result the character may undergo a change in how they see themselves or the world. The author’s theme is usually related to his or her attitude towards the characters and what happens to them.
Intro to Short Stories Some simplified definitions of some the terms we will be using setting – time and location of the story narrator – the person telling the story point of view – how the narrator tells the story First Person – the main character tells the story using “I” Third Person – another character or an outside observer tells the story using he/she/they
Intro to Short Stories character(s) – who is involved in the story protagonist – main character flat/round – these terms describe how much we know about the character static/dynamic – these terms describe whether or not the character changes as a result of the story events
Intro to Short Stories conflict – the struggle that creates the drama internal conflict – chracter vs. him/her self (struggle within a character) external conflict – character vs. an outside force: (another character, nature, or society) plot – the key events of the story theme – the writer’s general message about people and/or the world
Follow-up on “The Tell-Tale Heart” Are there words or phrases we should talk about?
Follow-up on “The Tell-Tale Heart” 2. What parts of the story are unclear or confusing? (Again, briefly)
“The Tell-Tale Heart” Literary Elements Activity You will need: “The Tell Tale Heart” Story and Questions Today’s handout: “Reviewing Story Elements” Previous handout: “Fiction Terms”
“The Tell-Tale Heart” Literary Elements Activity In your assigned group, work through the questions on “Reviewing Story Elements.” (Not for marks; for study purposes) Discuss how each element applies to the story “The Tell-Tale Heart.” Refer to the “Fiction Terms” handout as needed. Refer to the information on Point of View on the bottom of p. 143 of “The Tell Tale Heart” questions handout. Ask me for help/clarification as needed. If you disagree with your group, make note on your sheet and we will discuss Time: 30 minutes
Class Review of Literary Elements POV First person, yes – we learn about his personality; we know more about his behaviour, his fears, things that only he could know; but, because this point of view is subjective, what we know about other characters is limited – we have to trust what he tells us. He is an unreliable narrator (what he tells us may not actually be true.)
Class Review of Literary Elements Setting - Yes. Night-time – darkness gives the narrator the opportunity to commit the crime; symbolically darkness fits the mood the location of the bedroom in the “empty” old house where the two characters live (opportunity)
Class Review (Cont’d.) Characters flat or round – could be argued either way dynamic or static – probably static – he probably hasn’t changed his beliefs about the murder – he is telling the story to someone after the murder has happened and after he has confessed to the police, yet he is still proud of his actions
Class Review (Cont’d.) Conflict external -narrator vs. old man – his eye -narrator vs. the police internal -narrator likes the old man but hates his eye -narrator is both proud of and guilty about his crime Foreshadowing -I can tell you how calmly . . . -It is impossible to say how first the idea entered my brain, but once considered it haunted me day and night. (You know he is going to tell you something dangerous/bad)
Class Review (Cont’d.) Outcome positive – he did what he wanted to do negative – he had to suffer the consequences Theme Criminals cannot handle their guilt easily. If you do something evil you will suffer the consequences.
How to Answer Literature Questions Refer to your handout “How to Answer Literature Questions” Remember begin with a complete sentence that restates the question write in the present tense use names the first time you refer to the author, a character, or the story state your answer in your own words then give support by paraphrasing or quoting from the story
For Discussion, p. 143 At the opening of the story, the narrator is trying to convince someone of his sanity. What examples does he use to demonstrate his sanity? To whom do you think he is speaking? (Answer is a sample. Other examples and explanations may also be acceptable). A: The narrator gives several examples to try to convince us he is not insane. For example, he says “Observe how healthily, how calmly, I can tell you the whole story,” p. 135. Also, on p. 136 he says “You fancy me made. Madmen know nothing, but you should have seen me.” He then goes on to describe the steps he takes. I think the narrator is talking to himself, trying to convince himself that he has no guilt and that he is not made. It is like he is confessing to himself.
In-class Activity: For Discussion, p. 143 Complete Question 2 on your own. (5 marks) Title your work “The Tell-Tale Heart” – For Discussion. Write your name on the top right hand corner. Due at the end of class. IF YOU MISSED THIS CLASS, it is up to you to arrange a time to do an alternate question.
Homework For Monday, Dec. 13th /10 marks Write a paragraph using the underlined words from the story “The Tell-Tale Heart.” Your paragraph must use the correct form (n., v., adj., adv.), and show the meaning of the word fully Challenge Yourself! If you haven’t started the above assignment yet, consider doing the first writing topic under “For Writing” using the underlined words.