E10 dec1 2010


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  • Read to them and then have them read again to analyse the structure. Half students one and half the other???
  • Before the divorceExpected my mother to wait on meExpected spending moneyAfter the divorceDid houseworkEarned my own money
  • Kinds of victimsGood - Male and female Bad - Women onlyEffect on audience Good - Feeling of sympathy Bad - Feelings of aggression and violenceToneGood - Sense of humour Bad - Humorless
  • 1 – Mike and Helen2 –Two views on toys3 – Two views4 – My Broken Dream 5 – One side at a time Point by point6 – Mike and Helen
  • Eating at home-cheap-you know what goes into the food-comfortable-nutritious-boring-family time-time consuming to shop and cook and clean up after-can have a drink with dinnerEating at restaurants-expensive-interesting-convenient-social time you pay more attention to partner, friend, family-relaxing-dress nicely-can’t drink
  • -cost, -taste, -nutrition, -convenience (time / work), -comfort, -relaxation, -ability to socialize,
  • E10 dec1 2010

    1. 1. December 1, 2010<br />Grammar: Subject and Object Pronouns<br />Writing: Comparison and Contrast<br />
    2. 2. Housekeeping<br />Check Marked Work Folder!<br />Reading Recommendations<br />Hand back novel (after erasing pencil marks)<br />
    3. 3. QUICK REVIEW<br />Every sentence has a subject and verb,and often has an object.<br />Maya smiled at Cindy.<br /> s v o<br />Subject = the person or thing doing the action.<br />Object = the person or thing receiving the action.<br />
    4. 4. Subject and Object Pronouns (p.477)<br />So, pronouns have different forms depending on whether they are acting as subjects or objects in the sentence.<br />Maya smiled at her.<br /> s v o<br />Shesmiled at Cindy.<br /> s v o<br />
    5. 5. Subject and Object Pronouns (p.477)<br />
    6. 6. Subject Pronouns (p.477)<br />Let’s look at the example sentences for subject pronouns on p. 477 . . .<br />
    7. 7. Subject Pronoun Rules (p.478)<br />Use a subject pronoun when you have a compound subject:<br />NOT: Scottand me went to the movie. x<br />BUT: Scott and I went to the movie. <br />TIP: Try out each pronoun by itself in the sentence to see which one sounds right:<br />Me went to the movie, OR I went to the movie?<br />
    8. 8. Subject Pronoun Rules (p.478)<br />Use a subject pronoun after forms of the verb be:<br /> (am, is, was, were, has been, and have been)<br />NOT: It wasme who stole the money. x<br />BUT: It wasI who stole the money. <br />TIP: to avoid these awkward sounding sentences, you can reword them.<br />I stole the money.<br />I was the one who stole the money.<br />
    9. 9. Subject Pronoun Rules (p.478)<br />3. Use subject pronouns after than or as:<br />NOT: You drive much better than him. x<br />BUT: You drive much better thanhe (drives). <br />
    10. 10. Object Pronouns (p.479)<br />Let’s look at the examples of object pronouns on p. 479 . . . <br />When two objects follow a verb, use the object pronoun:<br />NOT: She helped my sister and I. x<br />BUT: She helped my sister and me. <br />TIP: To check which pronoun sounds right, omit (leave out) the first object.<br />She helped I, OR She helped me?<br />
    11. 11. Activity 1, p. 479<br />Underline the correct pronoun.<br />Then circle “S” or “O” to indicate what type of pronoun it is.<br />Number 1 is done for you! <br />Do as many as you can in the next ten minutes.<br />
    12. 12. Activity 1, p. 479<br />done <br /> me - object<br /> she – subject <br /> we - subject<br /> we – subject <br /> them – object <br /> she - subject<br /> me - object<br /> he - subject<br /> me - object<br />
    13. 13. Comparison and Contrast, p. 222-232<br />Compare – show how things are similar<br />Contrast – show how things are different<br />In both cases, the things being compared or contrasted should be of the same type:<br />two products,<br />two jobs,<br />two friends, etc.<br />
    14. 14. Comparison and Contrast, p. 222-232<br />There are two possible ways to organize a compare/contrast paragraphs.<br />Turn to p. 222 and 223. <br />
    15. 15. Comparison and Contrast, p. 222-232<br /> How is each paragraph organized?<br />My Senior Prom<br />All about the dream<br />All about the reality<br />This type of organization is called “block” or “one side at a time”<br />
    16. 16. Comparison and Contrast, p. 222-232<br /> Day versus Evening Students<br />1. Characteristics of day students<br />Characteristics of evening students<br />2. Responsibilities of day students<br />Responsibilities of evening students<br />3. Attitude of day students<br />Attitude of evening students.<br />This type of organization is known as “point by point.”<br />
    17. 17. Comparison and Contrast, p. 222-232<br />Whether you chose “one side at a time”<br />A – point 1, 2, and 3<br />B – point 1, 2, and 3<br />or “point by point”<br />point 1 – A; B<br />point 2 – A; B<br />point 3 – A; B<br />Make sure you keep the order of comparison consistent all the way through!<br />
    18. 18. Comparison and Contrast, p. 222-232<br /> You can see this structure in detail if you turn to p. 224 and 225.<br />
    19. 19. Activity 1, p. 226-227<br />1. Topic Sentence: In the three years since my parents’ divorce, I have changed from a spoiled brat to a reasonably normal college student.<br />Before the divorce (spoiled brat)<br /> My mother did the housework (Ididn’t!)<br />I expected money for everything he wanted<br />After the divorce (normal college student)<br />I had to help with the housework<br />I got a part-time job for his expenses<br />This paragraph uses one side at a time (block) development.<br />
    20. 20. Activity 1, p. 226-227<br />2. Topic Sentence: A good horror movie is easily distinguished from a bad one.<br />Kinds of victims<br />Good - male and female victims - equal<br />Bad - only females are victims<br />Effect on audience<br />Good - sympathy for the victims<br />Bad - aggressive and might sympathize for killer/monster<br />Tone<br />Good - sense of humour<br />Bad - humourless<br />This paragraph uses pointby point development.<br />
    21. 21. Questions, p. 229-230<br />1 – Mike and Helen<br />2 – Two views on toys<br />3 – Two views on toys<br />4 – My broken dream<br />5 <br />– one side at a time (block)<br />– point by point<br />6 – Mike and Helen<br />
    22. 22. BREAK<br />
    23. 23. In-class Practice<br />Topic: Eating at home vs. eating at restaurants<br />We need to decide whether we will compare (show similarities) or contrast (show differences).<br />Our Choice: Contrast (show differences)<br />
    24. 24. In-class Practice<br />Topic: Eating at home vs. eating at restaurants<br />2. We need to write a topic sentence that makes it clear<br />a) what two things are being compared, and<br />whether they are similar or different<br />Possible topic sentences:<br />Eating at restaurants is a much different experience than eating at home.<br />Eating at restaurants is more enjoyable than eating at home.<br />Eating at home is better than eating at restaurants.<br />
    25. 25. In-class Practice<br />Brainstorm several points that could support your topic sentences.<br /><ul><li>different in cost
    26. 26. different in how much we know about what we’re eating
    27. 27. different in hygiene
    28. 28. different in health benefits
    29. 29. different in atmosphere
    30. 30. different in convenience
    31. 31. different in variety
    32. 32. different in time spent with family/socializing
    33. 33. different in relaxation
    34. 34. different in privacy</li></ul>4. Now pick your three strongest points to develop in more detail (see next few slides).<br />NOTE: I accidentally deleted the original brainstorming we did in class, so this is from memory. Apologies if your points do not appear here!<br />
    35. 35. In-class Practice<br /><ul><li>Point 1: Different in atmosphere-
    36. 36. restaurant – light, music, decoration, maybe dancing, relaxing
    37. 37. home – boring, kids screaming, tv on, busy, phone rings, dog under table</li></li></ul><li>In-class Practice<br /><ul><li>Point 2: Different in convenience
    38. 38. restaurant –no preparation, no cooking, no shopping, fast, no dishes to wash
    39. 39. others serve you
    40. 40. home – shop, plan, prepare, cook, clean
    41. 41. you serve your family and then you eat</li></li></ul><li>In-class Practice<br /><ul><li>Point 3: Different in variety</li></ul>restaurant – go to different restaurants, choose from menu, different atmospheres/views, different dining companions<br />home – get stuck in a rut eating the same few dishes or leftovers, same recipes, same atmosphere, same people<br />
    42. 42. In-class Practice<br />5. Now, we need to decide how to organize our paragraph:<br />“one side at a time”<br />restaurants – point 1, 2, and 3<br />home – point 1, 2, and 3<br />or “point by point”<br />point 1 –restaurants;home<br />point 2 – restaurants;home<br />point 3 – restaurants;home<br />
    43. 43. Individual Practice – Prewriting/Outline<br />Read the topicsin Writing Assignment 1, p. 233.<br />Choose a topic<br />Decide to compare or contrast<br />Write a topic sentence<br />Brainstorm some points to support it<br />Choose the strongest three points<br />Jot downsome supporting details for each point <br />Arrange all of this information in a rough outline <br />point-by-point <br />one-side at a time<br />Write your name on the top left corner.<br />Hand in your outline (DO NOT WRITE THE PARAGRAPH!!)<br />
    44. 44. Homework<br />Check the website for extra practice on<br />Pronoun agreement and reference<br />Subject and Object Pronouns<br />