Monday, April 18, 2011 Writing: Cause and Effect Literature: Poetry Plus
Housekeeping Exams are half-marked! Next Monday is a statutory holiday.
Cause and Effect Paragraphs, p. 208-213 Cause and effect paragraphs explain either the causes or reasons for something, OR the effects or results of something
Cause and Effect Paragraphs, p. 208-213 Ex: I broke up with Tony for several reasons. Q: What is being explained? A: The cause(s) of the breakup. (reasons) Ex: Breaking up with Tony made me happy in many ways. Q: What is being explained? A: The results of the breakup. (consequences)
Cause and Effect Paragraphs, p. 208-213 Turn to “Paragraphs to Consider,” on p. 208 New Puppy in the House – effects (results or “what happened”) My Car Accident - causes (reasons or “why it happened”) Why I Stopped Smoking - causes (reasons or “why it happened”)
Questions, p. 210 Re-read the paragraphs to yourself. Answer the questions on p. 210 When you have finished, find at least two other people who have finished and compare your answers I will bring you a copy of the answer key When done, start reading the rest of p. 210-213
Developing Cause and Effect Paragraphs, p. 210-213 Choose a topic: Ex: quitting smoking Decide if you will discuss the causes or the effects: Ex: causes – “Why I quit smoking” Brainstorm as many causes OR effects (not both) as you can: See examples on top of p. 211 Brainstorm supporting details for each cause OR effect: See examples in the middle of p. 211
Developing Cause and Effect Paragraphs, p. 210-213 To develop this type of paragraph (Cont’d.) 5. Write an effective topic sentence: Ex: Several things finally caused me to quit smoking. Ex: There are many reasons I finally decided to stop smoking. 6. Continue and write a first draft of the rest of the paragraph.
Developing Cause and Effect Paragraphs, p. 210-213 Topic: Dropping out of School Causes or Effects? Causes
Developing Cause and Effect Paragraphs, p. 210-213 Brainstorm Causes or Effects: 1. no time because of work 2. already have a good income so don’t see point 3.moving away from city or country 4. being bullied 5. school is difficult for them/not easy 6. family problems make it difficult to attend/study 7. poverty
Developing Cause and Effect Paragraphs, p. 210-213 Brainstorm Supporting Details: no time because of work - adult students have to support family and go to school and sometimes it is too difficult to do homework and be successful so they give up school - a high school student might get a good part time job and decide he/she’s making good money and doesn’t put as much time into school, loses interest, and drops out. . . . 2. school is difficult for them/not easy 6. family problems make it difficult to attend/study
Developing Cause and Effect Paragraphs, p. 210-213 Write a Topic Sentence: There are several reasons for teenagers to quit their schooling/education.
Homework for Wednesday Complete the Cause and Effect Homework for next class.
Intro to Poetry “Dream Deferred” Langston Hughes, 1902-1967 African-American Born in Joplin, Missouri, USA Travelled widely but lived most of his life in the poor, primarly black, neighbourhood of Harlem in New York Wrote poems, stories, novels, non-fiction, plays, and children’s stories Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Langston_Hughes
Dream DeferredLangston Hughes What happens to a dream deferred?Does it dry upLike a raisin in the sun?Or fester like a sore--And then run?Does it stink like rotten meat?Or crust and sugar over--like a syrupy sweet?Maybe it just sagslike a heavy load.Or does it explode?
Lit Talk Assignment Topic: A work of literature that has resonance (special meaning) for you It can be a poem, song lyrics, short story, book (fiction or non-fiction), movie, or play. Length: 5-7 minutes Due: Choose a date between April 27th and June 8th (A sign-up sheet will be posted in the classroom) Marks: /30 You will be marked on both content and delivery.
Lit Talk Assignment Content: Your presentation should include the following elements: Introduction Title of work: Give the title of the work and tell what type of literature it is (i.e., story, novel, poem, etc.) Author Information: Give the name, date of birth/death, nationality/residence, and one (1) or more important or interesting facts about him/her. Topic: Tell us *briefly* what the work is “about.” For example, for a story you might tell us about the character and their conflict, but not necessarily how it is resolved.
Lit Talk Assignment 2. Handout Provide a one (1) page handout for the class that includes: the author information (as described above), including the source of the information (see my sample). a copy of the poem, song lyrics, or excerpt from a short story or book that you are presenting OR a 2-3 sentence description of the movie scene that you are presenting, and, if available, an internet link to the clip or movie
Lit Talk Assignment 3. Reading/Screening Read (or show) an excerpt (a small part of the work) to the class (3 min. maximum).
Lit Talk Assignment 4. Personal Response Tell us why you chose to share this work. What about this work is important to you, had an impact on you, or was especially enjoyable to you? You must say more than “it was good,” “it was interesting,” or “I loved it.” You should give specific reasons like, “I related to the main character because . . . ,” or “I loved the way the author described . . . ,” or “the author’s message is important to me . . . ,” etc. Try to refer to specific literary elements if relevant (i.e., theme, mood, conflict, metaphor, etc.)
Lit Talk Assignment Delivery Your presentation of the above information will be evaluated on the following elements: Voice You should speak clearly, with appropriate pace, timing, and volume, and with some expression. You can refer to notes, but you should not read them to us. Body Language You should use body language and gestures to convey and clarify meaning or for emphasis. This includes making eye contact with your audience.
Homework Cause and Effect Homework – Wednesday Lit Talk Assignment – sign up asap and begin preparation.