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  • 1. Monday, April 18, 2011
    Writing: Cause and Effect
    Literature: Poetry Plus
  • 2. Housekeeping
    Exams are half-marked!
    Next Monday is a statutory holiday.
  • 3. Cause and Effect Paragraphs, p. 208-213
    Cause and effect paragraphs explain either
    the causes or reasons for something, OR
    the effects or results of something
  • 4. Cause and Effect Paragraphs, p. 208-213
    Ex: I broke up with Tony for several reasons.
    Q: What is being explained?
    A: The cause(s) of the breakup. (reasons)
    Ex: Breaking up with Tony made me happy in many ways.
    Q: What is being explained?
    A: The results of the breakup. (consequences)
  • 5. Cause and Effect Paragraphs, p. 208-213
    Turn to “Paragraphs to Consider,” on p. 208
    New Puppy in the House
    – effects (results or “what happened”)
    My Car Accident
    - causes (reasons or “why it happened”)
    Why I Stopped Smoking
    - causes (reasons or “why it happened”)
  • 6. Questions, p. 210
    Re-read the paragraphs to yourself.
    Answer the questions on p. 210
    When you have finished, find at least two other people who have finished and compare your answers
    I will bring you a copy of the answer key
    When done, start reading the rest of p. 210-213
  • 7. Developing Cause and Effect Paragraphs, p. 210-213
    Choose a topic: Ex: quitting smoking
    Decide if you will discuss the causes or the effects: Ex: causes – “Why I quit smoking”
    Brainstorm as many causes OR effects (not both) as you can: See examples on top of p. 211
    Brainstorm supporting details for each cause OR effect: See examples in the middle of p. 211
  • 8. Developing Cause and Effect Paragraphs, p. 210-213
    To develop this type of paragraph (Cont’d.)
    5. Write an effective topic sentence:
    Ex: Several things finally caused me to quit smoking.
    Ex: There are many reasons I finally decided to stop smoking.
    6. Continue and write a first draft of the rest of the paragraph.
  • 9. Developing Cause and Effect Paragraphs, p. 210-213
    Topic: Dropping out of School
    Causes or Effects? Causes
  • 10. Developing Cause and Effect Paragraphs, p. 210-213
    Brainstorm Causes or Effects:
    1. no time because of work
    2. already have a good income so don’t see point
    3.moving away from city or country
    4. being bullied
    5. school is difficult for them/not easy
    6. family problems make it difficult to attend/study
    7. poverty
  • 11. Developing Cause and Effect Paragraphs, p. 210-213
    Brainstorm Supporting Details:
    no time because of work
    - adult students have to support family and go to school and sometimes it is too difficult to do homework and be successful so they give up school
    - a high school student might get a good part time job and decide he/she’s making good money and doesn’t put as much time into school, loses interest, and drops out. . . .
    2. school is difficult for them/not easy
    6. family problems make it difficult to attend/study
  • 12. Developing Cause and Effect Paragraphs, p. 210-213
    Write a Topic Sentence:
    There are several reasons for teenagers to quit their schooling/education.
  • 13. Homework for Wednesday
    Complete the Cause and Effect Homework for next class.
  • 14. BREAK
  • 15. Intro to Poetry
    “Dream Deferred”
    Langston Hughes, 1902-1967
    African-American
    Born in Joplin, Missouri, USA
    Travelled widely but lived most of his life in the poor, primarly black, neighbourhood of Harlem in New York
    Wrote poems, stories, novels, non-fiction, plays, and children’s stories
    Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Langston_Hughes
  • 16. Dream DeferredLangston Hughes
    What happens to a dream deferred?Does it dry upLike a raisin in the sun?Or fester like a sore--And then run?Does it stink like rotten meat?Or crust and sugar over--like a syrupy sweet?Maybe it just sagslike a heavy load.Or does it explode?
  • 17. Lit Talk Assignment
    Topic: A work of literature that has resonance (special meaning) for you
    It can be a poem, song lyrics, short story, book (fiction or non-fiction), movie, or play.
    Length: 5-7 minutes
    Due: Choose a date between April 27th and June 8th (A sign-up sheet will be posted in the classroom)
    Marks: /30
    You will be marked on both content and delivery.
  • 18. Lit Talk Assignment
    Content:
    Your presentation should include the following elements:
    Introduction
    Title of work: Give the title of the work and tell what type of literature it is (i.e., story, novel, poem, etc.)
    Author Information: Give the name, date of birth/death, nationality/residence, and one (1) or more important or interesting facts about him/her.
    Topic: Tell us *briefly* what the work is “about.” For example, for a story you might tell us about the character and their conflict, but not necessarily how it is resolved.
  • 19. Lit Talk Assignment
    2. Handout
    Provide a one (1) page handout for the class that includes:
    the author information (as described above), including the source of the information (see my sample).
    a copy of the poem, song lyrics, or excerpt from a short story or book that you are presenting
    OR
    a 2-3 sentence description of the movie scene that you are presenting, and, if available, an internet link to the clip or movie
  • 20. Lit Talk Assignment
    3. Reading/Screening
    Read (or show) an excerpt (a small part of the work) to the class (3 min. maximum).
  • 21. Lit Talk Assignment
    4. Personal Response
    Tell us why you chose to share this work.
    What about this work is important to you, had an impact on you, or was especially enjoyable to you?
    You must say more than “it was good,” “it was interesting,” or “I loved it.” You should give specific reasons like, “I related to the main character because . . . ,” or “I loved the way the author described . . . ,” or “the author’s message is important to me . . . ,” etc.
    Try to refer to specific literary elements if relevant (i.e., theme, mood, conflict, metaphor, etc.)
  • 22. Lit Talk Assignment
    Delivery
    Your presentation of the above information will be evaluated on the following elements:
    Voice
    You should speak clearly, with appropriate pace, timing, and volume, and with some expression. You can refer to notes, but you should not read them to us.
    Body Language
    You should use body language and gestures to convey and clarify meaning or for emphasis. This includes making eye contact with your audience.
  • 23. Homework
    Cause and Effect Homework – Wednesday
    Lit Talk Assignment – sign up asap and begin preparation.