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This presentation illustrates tips on reading skills and not taking in a university/college setting.

This presentation illustrates tips on reading skills and not taking in a university/college setting.

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Career presentation Career presentation Presentation Transcript

  • Reading Skills and Note Taking
    Presented By: Meghan
  • Reading skills- overview
    Muscle Reading
    Phase 1: Before you Read
    Phase 2: While you read
    Phase 3: After you read
    Read with a Dictionary
    Styles of Reading
    Scanning
    Skimming
    Detailed Reading
    Reading Fast
    When Reading is Tough
  • Muscle Reading
    A technique used to avoid mental mini-vacations and reduce the number of unscheduled naps during study time, even after a hard day (3 Phase technique)
  • Phase 1: Before you read
    Step 1 Preview: preview the entire assignment. Keep an eye out for familiar concepts, facts, or ideas.
    Step 2 Outline: Spend some time reading outlines and headings.
    Step 3 Question: Determine what you want to take away from the reading or assignment. Write down a list of questions.
  • Phase 2: While you read
    Step 4 Reflect: Take a few moments to reflect on what you already know about the subject. Schedule breaks and reward yourself on the break.
    Step 5 Underline: Deface your books. Underlining can save a lot of time when studying for tests.
    Step 6 Answer: As you read seek out the answers to your questions.
  • Phase 3: After you read
    Step 7 Recite: Talk to someone else or yourself about what you have read.
    Step 8 Review: Plan to do your first complete review within 24 hours of reading the material. This moves the information from your short-term memory to your long-term memory.
    Step 9 Review Again: Do weekly and monthly reviews
  • Read with a dictionary in your lap
    Strengthen your vocabulary by taking delight in words, look up unfamiliar words
    Anytime you hear an unfamiliar word, write it down and look it up
    Another suggestion is to divide an unfamiliar word into syllables and look for familiar parts
  • Styles of reading: 3 styles
    Scanning for a specific focus: The technique you use when you’re looking up a name in the phone book: you move you eye quickly over the page to find particular words that are relevant to the task you are doing.
    Skimming- For getting the gist of something: Use when your going through a newspaper or magazine. You read quickly to get the main points.
    Detailed Reading – For extracting information accurately: Where you read every word, and work to learn from the text.
  • Reading Fast
    Get your body ready: gear up for reading faster. Get off the couch, sit up straight at a desk or table, on the edge of your chair, with your feet flat on the floor
    Read faster then normal. You might be surprised to find out how well you comprehend material even at dramatically increased speed
  • When reading is tough
    Read it again
    Look for essential words
    Hold a mini review
    Read it out loud
    Talk to your instructor/find a tutor
    Pretend you understand then explain the material
  • Note taking- overview
    Five important reasons to take notes
    Set the stage
    “Be Here Now” in class
    Watch for clues
    General techniques for note taking
    The Cornell Format
    Mind Mapping
    Outlining
    Improving your handwriting
    Your instructor
    When your instructor talks fast
  • Five important reasons to take notes
    It triggers basic lecturing processes and helps you to remember information
    It helps you to concentrate in class
    It helps you prepare for tests
    Your notes are often a source of valuable clues for what information the instructor thinks most important (i.e., what will show up on the next test)
    Your notes often contain information that cannot be found elsewhere (i.e., in your textbook)
  • Set the Stage
    Complete outside assignments: The more familiar you are with a subject, the more easily you can absorb information during class lectures
    Bring the right materials: Pen, pencil, textbook, notebook
    Sit front and centre: The closer you sit to the lecturer, the harder it is to fall asleep, become distracted by other classmates, and easier to read the board
    Conduct a short pre-class review: Arrive early and review your notes from previous days
    Clarify your intention: Write a short Intention Statement
  • “Be Here Now” in class
    Accept your wandering mind: Don’t fight daydreaming. Look at it as an opportunity to refocus your attention
    Notice your writing: Pay attention to the act of writing. This can bring you back to the here and now
    Be with the instructor: Imagine that its just a personal conversation between you and the instructor
    Notice your environment: Room temperature, the sound of chalk, feel of your chair...
  • Continued...
    Postpone debate: When you hear something you disagree with, observe the material and let it go
    Let of judgements about lecture styles: Don’t let your attitude about your instructors lecture style, habits or appearance get in the way of your education
    Participate in class activities: Ask questions and volunteer
    Relate the class to your goals: Write down how a class relates to a specific goal
  • Watch For Clues
    Be alert for repetition
    Listen for introductory, concluding, and transition words and phrases
    Watch the board or overhead projector
    Watch the instructors eyes
    Highlight the obvious clues
    Notice the instructors interest level
  • General Techniques for Note Taking
    Use key words
    Use pictures and diagrams
    Write notes in paragraphs
    Copy material from the board
    Use 3 ring binder
    Use only one side of piece of paper
    Use index cards
    Keep your own thoughts separated
    Use an “I’m lost” signal
    Label, number and date all notes
    Use standard abbreviations
    Leave blank spaces
    Take notes in different colours
    Use graphic signals
    Use recorders effectively
  • The Cornell Format
    Developed by Walter Pauk at Cornell University during the 1950’s
    How to use the Cornell Format:
    Format your paper
    Take notes, leave the cue column blank
    Condense your notes in the cue column
  • Mind Mapping
    Give yourself plenty of room
    Determine the main concept of lecture
    Use key words only
    Jazz it up!
    Create links
  • Outlining
    Technically, each word, phrase, or sentence that appears in an outline is called a heading.
    These are arranged in different levels:
  • Improving Your Handwriting
    Use the first step technique
    Use creative visualization
    Notice the shape of individual letters
    Keep your eyes on the tip of the pen
    Demonstrate your excellence
    Revise sloppy writing immediately
    Practice with the best materials
    Take a calligraphy course
    Dot all i’s and cross all t’s
    Insure that holes exist for a’s, e’s, and o’s
    Notice problem letters
    Print when understanding is critical
    Appreciate the value of legible writing
  • Your Instructor
    Show interest in class
    Take responsibility for your actions
    Get to know your instructor better
    Open up to diversity
    Avoid excuses
    Accept criticism
    Use course evaluations
    Separate liking from learning
  • When Your Instructor Talks Fast
    Take more time to prepare for class
    Exchange photocopies of notes with classmates
    Leave large empty spaces in your notes
    See the instructor after class
    Use a voice recorder
    Go to lecture again (or class)
    Ask questions even if your totally lost
    Ask he or she to slow down
  • Taking Notes on Your Journey (Journal Writing)
    Make lists
    Play with learning styles
    Re-read your journal
    Use a journal to manage stress
    Use a journal to increase writing skills
    Use a journal for personal growth
  • any questions?